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  Oromia


Neighbors
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia  
Afar, Ethiopia  
Amhara, Ethiopia  
Benshangul-Gumuz, Ethiopia  
Dire Dawa, Ethiopia  
Eastern Province, Kenya  
Gambela Peoples', Ethiopia  
Harari Peoples', Ethiopia  
Somali, Ethiopia  
Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples', Ethiopia  
Upper Nile, South Sudan  

State DETAILS
Parents > Ethiopia  
Alternate NamesOromiyaa
Established 00, 1995
Disbanded Still Active
Contributor
Last ModifiedBojicat September 21, 2019 02:33pm
Description State created for the Oromo people under a system of ethnic federalism by the revolutionist Ethiopian regime in the early 1990s. The state is the nation's most populated.

Oromo, an Afroasiatic dialect chain written in Latin characters and the most widely spoken Cushitic language, is spoken by 83.5% of the people.

Upon the overthrow of the dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam in 1991, the Oromo language was institutionalized as the region's official language and a medium of instruction in elementary schools.

The Oromia region was dominated by the Marxist Oromo Liberation Front (since outlawed and labelled a terrorist organization). Revolutionary/secessionist forces still plague the region and it has become a perennial center of protest and insurrection.

The federal government moved the nation's (and Oromia's) capital of Addis Ababa to Adama in 2000 mainly to spite (and perhaps out of fear of) these secession forces. Protests brought the regional capital back to Addis Ababa on June 10, 2005.

The capital of Addis Ababa is called 'Finfinne' (water source) in Oromia.

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