> United States > New Jersey
|Established|| 00, 0000|
|Disbanded|| Still Active |
|Last Modified||bill January 30, 2021 10:31am|
New Jersey's judiciary has two appellate courts--the Supreme Court and the |
Appellate Division of the Superior Court, and three trial courts--the Superior
Court, the Tax Court, and the Municipal Court. The Superior Court is the court
of general jurisdiction. The Governor, with the approval of the Senate, chooses
all judges in New Jersey. Judges stand for reappointment after seven years in
office, and once reappointed, they serve until they reach the age of 70.
There are two interesting features of judicial selection in New Jersey.
***The first is the practice of senatorial courtesy. NJ's Constitution of 1844
deliberately mirrored the judicial appointment process of the U.S. government.
Like U.S. Senators, New Jersey's Senators have veto-like powers over judicial
appointees from their home districts. As a professional courtesy, other Senators
will not proceed with confirmation of a judicial candidate unless the Senators
from the home district have signed off.
***New Jersey's Supreme Court also has a tradition of political balance.
Governors, regardless of their party, have generally followed a policy of replacing
outgoing judges with someone of the same party or philosophy. The traditional
balance is three Democrats and three Republicans, with the Chief Justice
belonging to the party of the appointing Governor. (Note: Governor James E.
McGreevey broke with tradition when he nominated Democrat Barry T. Albin to
succeed Republican Gary Stein and when he renominated Poritz, a Republican,
as Chief Justice.)