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  Marcantonio, Vito
AffiliationAmerican Labor  
NameVito Marcantonio
New York, New York , United States
Born December 10, 1902
DiedAugust 09, 1954 (51 years)
Last ModifedCraverguy
Oct 08, 2008 07:57pm
Tags Italian - Single - Straight -
InfoVito Marcantonio was born in East Harlem, New York City on 10th December, 1902. The son of Italian immigrants, Marcantonio was a successful student and despite his poor background eventually managed to enter New York University Law School. While at university Marcantonio became involved in politics and joined the Republican Party.

In 1926 Marcantonio was admitted to the bar and worked as a lawyer in New York City and served as assistant United States district attorney (1930-31). In 1933 Marcantonio played an important role in the successful election campaign of Fiorello La Guardia as mayor of New York City. Seen as La Guardia's heir apparent, Marcantonio was elected to Congress in 1934 where he represented East Harlem's 20th District.

An outspoken politician with left-wing views, Marcantonio was defeated in 1936 but won the seat back in 1938 as the American Labor Party candidate. A strong supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, Marcantonio held the seat for the next twelve years. In Congress he argued that the "unemployed are victims of an unjust economic and social system which has failed." Marcantonio was also an outspoken supporter of African American Civil Rights.

During the Second World War Marcantonio played an active role in the American Committee for Russian War Relief. Along with Fiorello La Guardia, Charlie Chaplin, Wendell Willkie, Orson Welles, Rockwell Kent and Pearl Buck, Marcantonio campaigned during the summer of 1942 for the opening of a second-front in Europe.

In Congress he was one of the strongest opponents of Joe McCarthy and the Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and was legal counsel of civil rights activist, William Du Bois.

Denounced as a secret supporter of the American Communist Party, Marcantonio lost his seat in Congress in 1950. Vito Marcantonio, who practiced law until his death on 9th August, 1954. Probably the most left-wing person to hold a seat in Congress, over 20,000 people attended Marcantonio's funeral in New York City.



Title Purchase Contributor
Vito Marcantonio: Radical Politician, 1902-1954  Purchase Craverguy 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Mar 03, 2004 12:00am General Vito Marcantonio's FBI File  Article Ripzaw 

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Marcantoniana Blog  Discuss
  11/07/1950 NY District 18 Lost 42.20% (-15.61%)
  11/08/1949 New York City Mayor Lost 13.76% (-35.11%)
  11/02/1948 NY District 18 Won 36.87% (+5.15%)
  11/05/1946 NY District 18 Won 54.19% (+8.39%)
  08/20/1946 NY District 18 - R Primary Lost 43.12% (-13.76%)
  08/20/1946 NY District 18 - D Primary Won 51.48% (+2.96%)
  11/07/1944 NY District 18 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/01/1944 NY District 18 - D Primary Won 57.11% (+14.21%)
  08/01/1944 NY District 18 - R Primary Won 51.25% (+2.49%)
  11/03/1942 NY District 20 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/05/1940 NY District 20 Won 62.49% (+24.98%)
  09/17/1940 NY District 20 - D Primary Lost 48.65% (-2.70%)
  11/08/1938 NY District 20 Won 59.74% (+20.74%)
  11/03/1936 NY District 20 Lost 46.96% (-4.26%)
  11/06/1934 NY District 20 Won 46.64% (+0.88%)
  11/02/1954 NY District 18 Lost 0.00% (-86.83%)
Manhattan Borough President - ALP Primary - Sep 06, 1949 ALP Ewart Guinier
US House Speaker - Jan 03, 1949 I No Preference
NY US President - Nov 02, 1948 D Henry A. Wallace
US House Speaker - Jan 06, 1943 D Samuel T. "Sam" Rayburn
US House Speaker - Jan 03, 1941 R Joseph W. Martin, Jr.
US House Speaker - Jan 03, 1939 R Joseph W. Martin, Jr.
NY District 20 - Nov 04, 1924 R Fiorello LaGuardia
NY US President - Nov 04, 1924 R Robert Marion La Follette
NY US President - Nov 02, 1920 D Parley P. Christensen