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  Mulroney, Brian
NameBrian Mulroney
Charlevoix, Qu├ębec , Canada
Born March 20, 1939 (81 years)
Last ModifedMonsieur
Mar 20, 2007 07:38am
Tags Irish - Quebecois - Moderate - Anti-Death Penalty - Pro-Missile Defense - Married - Straight -
InfoMartin Brian Mulroney was born in Baie-Comeau, Quebec in 1939, the son of an electrician. At fourteen, the young Mulroney went to St. Thomas, a Catholic high school in Chatham, New Brunswick. In 1955, he attended St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish, Nova Scotia, studying arts and commerce before majoring in political science. After graduating with honours in 1959, Mulroney started studying law at Dalhousie University in Halifax, then transferred to Laval University in Quebec City, a year later. In 1964, he was offered a position with the prestigious law firm of Howard, Cate, Ogilvy et al., and moved to Montreal to work with them.

One of his first challenges as a lawyer was working on Laurent Picard's Commission of Inquiry on the St. Lawrence Ports, where he gained experience as a negotiator in labour relations. Mulroney first came into prominence as a lawyer when he was a commissioner in the Cliche Commission of Inquiry into the Quebec construction industry, set up by Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa in 1974. The commission uncovered unprecedented corruption and violence in the construction industry. As a result of this high-profile report, Mulroney became well-known in Quebec.

He had been involved in politics since his university days, when he joined the Conservative party and campaigned for the Nova Scotia Tories in 1956. Mulroney also participated in campus politics and served as prime minister of St. Francis Xavier's model parliament. While at Laval, he was elected Vice-President of the Conservative Students' Federation and by 1961 he was a student advisor to Diefenbaker. As a lawyer in Montreal, he continued working for the Conservatives behind the scenes, producing pamphlets, raising money and seeking out candidates.

In 1976, Mulroney ran for federal leadership of the Conservative party, but lost to Joe Clark on the 3rd ballot. Although he was well known in Quebec as a result of the Cliche Commission, he was not as well known to the party outside the province. Furthermore, the fact that he had never been elected to Parliament was seen by many as a handicap. After the convention, Mulroney accepted an offer of Executive Vice-President of the Iron Ore Company of Canada and was appointed President the following year. In 1983, he ran again for Conservative leadership. He was the only bilingual Quebec candidate, and as such, his ability to appeal to Tories across the country was considered a great advantage. Mulroney won the leadership and gained his first seat in the House of Commons through a by-election in the riding of Central Nova.

In the election the following year, Mulroney led the Conservatives to the greatest majority in Canadian history, winning 211 seats in the House of Commons. Four years later, the Conservatives won another majority. In his nine years in office, Mulroney brought in the two free trade agreements and introduced the Goods and Services Tax. Language rights in New Brunswick were entrenched in Canada's constitution and the Nunavut Agreement with the Inuit of the Eastern Arctic set in motion the creation of a third territory in Canada, representing a major achievement in Aboriginal land settlement.

Internationally, Mulroney's stand on South African Apartheid won him respect around the world. He also negotiated an acid rain treaty with the United States and was an architect of the Sommet de la francophonie.

He also endeavoured to achieve constitutional reform. The Meech Lake Accord attempted to define conditions under which Quebec could sign the 1982 Constitution, but failed to become law when it was not passed by the Manitoba and Newfoundland legislatures. Another endeavour to secure constitutional unanimity was undertaken with the Charlottetown Accord in 1992. A national referendum was called on this agreement, but it was ultimately defeated.

Mulroney resigned from politics in 1993.



Title Purchase Contributor

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jun 02, 2010 09:25am Editorial Should Mulroney repay $2.1m settlement?  Article Monsieur 
May 30, 2010 09:00am News Brian Mulroney violated ethical code: Oliphant Commission  Article Monsieur 
Apr 05, 2009 02:00pm General Tories in bitter spat over Brian Mulroney  Article Monsieur 
Nov 15, 2007 09:00pm Scandal PM handcuffing Mulroney inquiry: opposition MPs  Article Monsieur 
Mar 26, 2005 01:00pm News 'Frustrated' Mulroney remains in hospital  Article Monsieur 

Importance? 8.00000 Average

Daughter Caroline Mulroney 1974-
Son Mark Mulroney 1979-

  11/21/1988 CAN Prime Minister Won 57.29% (+29.15%)
  11/21/1988 QC Parliament - Charlevoix Won 80.04% (+65.81%)
  09/04/1984 QC Parliament - Manicouagan Won 71.55% (+47.10%)
  09/04/1984 CAN Prime Minister Won 75.09% (+60.85%)
  08/29/1983 NS Parliament - Central Nova - By-Election Won 60.19% (+35.14%)
  08/29/1983 CAN Leader of the Opposition Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  06/11/1983 Leadership Race - Progressive Conservative Party Won 38.16% (+6.24%)
  02/22/1976 Leadership Race - Progressive Conservative Party Lost 0.00% (-51.41%)
ON PC Party Leader - Mar 10, 2018 PC Caroline Mulroney
PLQ Leadership - Mar 17, 2013 PLQ Raymond Bachand
PCP Ratification - Merger into Conservative Party of Canada - Dec 06, 2003 YES Yes
Quebec Sovereignty Referendum - May 20, 1980 NO No