|Name||John W. Bricker|
Grandview Heights, Ohio , United States
|| September 06, 1893
|Died||March 22, 1986
Sep 06, 2020 11:17am
Married - Army - Presbyterian -
|Info||John William Bricker was an American lawyer and politician who served as attorney general, governor, and US Senator from Ohio. He was also the Republican nominee for US Vice President in 1944. |
Bricker was born in a log house in Madison County. He and his twin sister Ella attended a one-room school and Mt. Sterling High School. After taking a year off to teach school and save money, John Bricker then attended Ohio State University. Bricker graduated from Ohio State in 1916 and passed the bar in 1917.
Upon America's entry into World War I, Bricker was rejected for military service due to a slow heart beat. Undeterred, he enlisted in the chaplain corps. After the war, Bricker completed his law degree at Ohio State. Bricker was appointed city solicitor for Grandview Heights, Ohio, serving 1920 to 1928. He then served as assistant Attorney General of Ohio (1923-1927) and as a member of the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio.
During the Great Depression, Bricker was elected Attorney General of Ohio twice and served from 1933 to 1937. He was one of a few Republicans to win in both 1932 and 1934. His win in 1932 was Bricker's first election victory; he won despite FDR's victory in the state.
Bricker served as Governor of Ohio from 1939 to 1945. He had been the Republican nominee in 1936 and although he lost in the general Democratic landslide of that year, his narrow margin impressed state Republican leaders. Bricker was elected to three two-year terms, with an increasing margin of victory.
In early 1944, Bricker was one of several Republicans who vied for the presidential nomination. He and Sen. Robert A. Taft discussed the campaign since Taft had been a contender in 1940 and retained interest in a presidential run. Taft agreed to stand aside in 1944 so Ohio would have a single "favorite son" contender. Bricker won the Ohio primary and received a strong number of write-in votes in the primaries in Oregon and Pennsyvlania.
Bricker was unanimously nominated for US Vice President at the Republican National Convention in 1944. Thereafter he embarked upon a campaign through the nation to help Dewey win the presidency.
Bricker returned to public service by winning two terms in the US Senate from Ohio, serving 1947 to 1959. At the time, Bricker's most memorable effort was his proposed amendment to the Constitution to regulate application of international treaties (called the Bricker Amendment). He served as ranking member of the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce and chair for two years. He also served on the Committee on Banking and Currency, the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, and the Senate Subcommittee on Defense Mobilization and Disarmament. Typical of mid-century conservative Republicans, Bricker supported civil rights measures such as the Civil Rights Act of 1957. In the election of 1958, Bricker was surprisingly defeated by Stephen Young, with the result tied both to the general Democratic trend of that year and a right to work referendum that was also on the ballot.
After leaving the Senate, John Bricker resumed the practice of law with his firm Bricker & Eckler. He died in a retirement community in Columbus on 3/22/1986 at the age of 92 and is interred at Green Lawn Cemetery in Columbus.
Cincinnati Enquirer, 3/27/1986; Mansfield News-Journal, 3/23/1986