Recap of the Caucus
James Monroe was nominated by the DR Caucus with Daniel D. Tompkins running for Vice President on 3/16/1816. At first, the Federalists gloated. The Salem Gazette commented on 3/22/1816 that Monroe had the support of a minority of the Democratic Republican Party and that he was vulnerable. “We are indifferent about the result, but incline to opinion that Col. Monroe has no chance of succeeding Mr. Madison,” the paper editorialized.
The major victim of the 1816 Caucus was the caucus system of nominating presidential candidates. Monroe supporters maintained that congressional plotting nearly cost Monroe the nomination, although he was the preference of the majority of the party ( Richmond Inquirer, 3/23/1816). Monroe newspapers set forth the proposition that the states should nominate presidential candidates in order to avoid the undue influence of congressional plotters. Monroe’s opposition maintained that President Madison forced Monroe upon an uninterested party ( New York Courier, 3/20/1816). As a result, the anti-Monroe press also advocated abolishing the influence of the Caucus.
Pennsylvania Federalists went to work trying to form an anti-Monroe coalition. They and anti-Caucus Republicans formed a coalition electoral ticket. It was assumed that this ticket would have cast half of its vote for William Crawford and half for the F