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  US President - Amer Convention
RACE DETAILS
Parents > United States > U.S. Executive
OfficePresident
TypeAmerican Primary Election
Filing Deadline February 01, 1856 - 12:00pm Central
Polls Open February 22, 1856 - 06:00am Central
Polls Close February 25, 1856 - 08:00pm Central
Term Start March 04, 1857 - 12:00pm
Term End March 04, 1861 - 12:00pm
Turnout 0.00% Total Population
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifiedChronicler July 24, 2008 06:08am
Data SourcesConvention Decisions and Voting Records - Bain & Parris

Most votes received by candidates for party presidential nomination, up to the point where a nominee was determined. Vote totals are rounded up to the next whole number.
Description
The American Party in the Pierce Administration

The American Party was only nominally affiliated with the earlier Native American Party. The earlier party had an identical policy focus, but the American Party was based upon a secret society formed in 1849 by Charles B. Allen of New York State. This secret society, named the Order of the Star-Spangled Banner, was the first to require its members not to answer questions regarding the organization (hence the label "Know Nothings").

The OSSB became the dominant secret society in the years 1852-1854. During this time, Catholic bishops asked states for money to operate their schools and directed Catholic children in public schools not to use the King James Version of the Bible. OSSB leaders reached out to all levels of society, claiming that the Catholics were part of a grand conspiracy to overturn Protestantism in the USA. Since the organization survived on voluntary dues, its membership was open to anyone. A second contributing factor was the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which was supported by many Northern politicians and gave the impression that members of Congress of both parties were entirely out of touch with their constituents.

The first political test of the OSSB and its political organization, named the American Party, came in the 1854 elections. It scored many remarkable and unexpected victories throughout the North. At least 75 of its members were elected to the U.S. House in the 1854-55 elections as

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LAST GENERAL ELECTION
  PartyDemocratic Won12/01/1852
NameFranklin Pierce Votes254 (85.81%)
Term03/04/1853 - 03/04/1857 Margin212 (+71.62%)
NEXT GENERAL ELECTION
  PartyDemocratic Won12/03/1856
NameJames Buchanan Votes174 (58.78%)
Term03/04/1857 - 03/04/1861 Margin60 (+20.27%)
NEXT GENERAL ELECTION
RaceUS President 12/03/1856
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CANDIDATES
Photo
Name President Millard Fillmore George Law Rep. Garrett Davis Rep. Kenneth Rayner Supreme Court Justice John McLean Sen. Robert Field Stockton Sen. Samuel Houston
PartyAmerican American American American American American American
Campaign Logo
Uncertified Votes179 (65.33%) 27 (9.85%) 18 (6.57%) 14 (5.11%) 13 (4.75%) 8 (2.92%) 6 (2.19%)
Margin0 (0.00%) -152 (-55.47%) -161 (-58.76%) -165 (-60.22%) -166 (-60.58%) -171 (-62.41%) -173 (-63.14%)
Predict Avg.0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%
Cash On Hand $-- $-- $-- $-- $-- $-- $--
Website [Website]
Entry Date -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Bar
MATCHUP POLLS (0 from 0 pollsters)
ENDORSEMENTS
Endorsements
MORE CANDIDATES
Photo  
Name Sen. John Bell Erastus Brooks Rep. Lewis D. Campbell Sen. John Middleton Clayton  
PartyAmerican American American American  
Campaign Logo  
Uncertified Votes5 (1.83%) 2 (0.73%) 1 (0.37%) 1 (0.37%)  
Margin-174 (-63.50%) -177 (-64.60%) -178 (-64.96%) -178 (-64.96%)  
Predict Avg.0.00% 0.00% 0.00% 0.00%  
Cash On Hand $-- $-- $-- $--  
Website  
Entry Date -- -- -- --  
MATCHUP POLLS (0 from 0 pollsters)
ENDORSEMENTS
Endorsements
 


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