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  US President - AM Convention
Parents > United States > U.S. Executive
TypeAnti-Masonic Primary Election
Filing Deadline January 01, 1832 - 12:00pm Central
Polls Open September 26, 1831 - 06:00am Central
Polls Close September 28, 1831 - 08:00pm Central
Term Start March 04, 1833 - 12:00pm
Term End March 04, 1837 - 12:00pm
Turnout 0.00% Total Population
Last ModifiedChronicler June 01, 2008 07:42am
Data SourcesProceedings of the Anti-Masonic Party National Convention.

Most votes received by candidates for party presidential nomination, up to the point where a nominee was determined. Vote totals are rounded up to the next whole number.
Organization of the nation's first "third party"

The anti-masonic movement emerged in the late 1820s, following the disappearance of William Morgan. Morgan vanished in 1826 soon after announcing that he was writing a book exposing the secrets of masonry. Three Masons were tried and convicted of kidnapping Morgan, but his body was never found. An Anti-Masonic political movement offered candidates in the spring elections of 1828 in New York State; Solomon Southwick, the candidate for Governor, received 12% of the vote. The party won four seats in the state senate and 17 in the state assembly. By the time of the 1831 national convention, the party held 16 seats in the U.S. House. The Anti-Masonic Party was organized as a national political party in a convention held on 9/11-18/1830 in Philadelphia. Ninety-six delegates attended from 10 states and the Michigan Territory. The convention held "considerable debate" upon the issue of calling a more general convention for choosing candidates for President and Vice President, finally passing a resolution calling for such a convention to meet on 9/26/1831 in Baltimore. At this time, "conventions" were an innovative means of gathering people to discuss common interests; other conventions of the era included those for agricultural or social causes.


Anti-Masonic National Convention, 1832

Presidential Nominee
Vice Presidential Nominee
St. Rep.
John C. Spencer NY
Former U.S. Atty. Gen.
William Wirt MD
Former PA Atty. Gen.
Amos Ellmaker PA

National Convention

The first national nominating convention in US History was that of the Anti-Masonic Party, which met in the Athenaeum in Baltimore on 9/26-28/1831. There were 111 delegates present from 13 states (all from free states except for Maryland and Delaware). The delegates met behind closed doors for several days before the convention officially opened, in which the convention made some initial decisions. Several presidential ballots were taken, in which William Wirt eventually defeated John McLean for the nomination. This vote was not included in the proceedings, which only stated the formal ballot.

Chairman: John C. Spencer NY, who had led the investigation into the disappearance of William Morgan.

The convention was organized on the 26th and heard reports of its committees on the 27th. Chief Justice John Marshall, being in Baltimore at the time, sat through the afternoon session as a visitor.

The 28th was spent on the official roll call for President and Vice President. During the balloting, the name of each delegate was called, after which that delegate placed a written ballot in a special box. Delegates Abner Phelps and Thaddeus Stevens were appointed tellers to count the votes.

William Wirt was nominated for President with 108 votes to one for Richard Rush and two abstaining. Amos Ellmaker was nominated for Vice President with 108 votes to one for John C. Spencer (chairman of the convention) and two abstaining.

The official proceedings of the convention were printed in Niles's Weekly Register on 10/1 and 10/8/1831.

2d Anti-Masonic National Convention (1836)

Popular Vote of 1832

Electoral Vote of 1832


  PartyDemocratic Won12/03/1828
NameAndrew Jackson Votes178 (68.20%)
Term03/04/1829 - 03/04/1833 Margin95 (+36.40%)
  PartyDemocratic Won12/05/1832
NameAndrew Jackson Votes219 (76.57%)
Term03/04/1833 - 03/04/1837 Margin170 (+59.44%)
RaceUS President 12/05/1832
World Countries Map MAP
KEY RACE? 0.0000000000 Average
Leaning Call: 0 (0.00%)
Weighted Call: 0 (0.00%)

Name Attorney General William Wirt Secretary of Treasury Richard Rush Supreme Court Justice John McLean  
PartyAnti-Masonic Anti-Masonic Anti-Masonic  
Campaign Logo  
Certified Votes108 (99.08%) 1 (0.92%) 0 (0.00%)  
Margin0 (0.00%) -107 (-98.17%) -108 (-99.08%)  
Predict Avg.0.00% 0.00% 0.00%  
Cash On Hand $-- $-- $--  
Website [Website]  
Entry Date -- -- --  
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