The Illinois Emigrant (Shawanee-Town). October 17, 1818.
Gazetteer of Madison County. Compiled and Published by James T. Hair. Alton, Illinois, 1866. Page 269.
History of St. Clair County, Illinois. Brink, McDonough and Co., Philadelphia. 1881. Page 72.
The Illinois Intelligencer (Kaskaskia). September 23, 1818.
Virginia Patriot (Richmond). November 17, 1818.
Baltimore American. November 14, 1818.
Illinois Election, 1818-1990: Candidates and County Returns for President, Governor, Senate, and House of Representatives. Ed. Howard W. Allen and Vincent A. Lacey. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale and Edwardsville.
Incomplete returns were uncovered in only five of Illinois' 12 counties.