Recap of the Popular Vote
James Monroe was effectively elected the fifth U.S. President by the popular vote of 1816. He won 121 electoral votes to three unpledged Federalists; the needed majority was 110.
Nine states chose Presidential Electors through their legislatures in 1816: CT, DE, GA, IN, LA, MA, NY, SC, and VT. Of these, the DRP had substantial majorities in five while the Federalists had substantial majorities in three. The legislatures elected 62 Monroe Electors and 35 unpledged Federalist Electors.
Casting the Electoral Votes
The Presidential Electors met in their respective state capitols on 12/4/1816 to cast the electoral votes. The Democratic Republican Electors dutifully gave Monroe and Tompkins 183 electoral votes. The Federalists were not organized. The three Federalist Electors in Maryland abstained from voting, as did one in Delaware. The remaining 34 voted for King for President, but each state had a different running mate for him: John E. Howard in MA, James Ross (PA) and John Marshall in CT, and Robert G. Harper (MD) in DE.
Joint Session of Congress, 1817
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