Native American Party in the Fillmore Administration
The Native American Party suffered some serious setbacks in the Taylor and Fillmore Administrations. It had emerged during the anti-Catholic riots of the mid-1840s, and it won many elections in northeastern cities. In the election of 1848, the party retained its single seat in the U.S. House, that of Lewis C. Levin in Philadelphia. The party expanded its reach in 1850, creating additional chapters in other cities. In the election of 1850, however, Levin was defeated and the party lost all of its major races.
Increasing Catholic immigration led to a resurgence of the Native American Party in 1851. The party won many more local races in the off-year elections of 1851, especially in Philadelphia. The NAP gains included one state senate seat and five seats in the state house in Philadelphia (NYT 10/18/1851). In Kensington, Philadelphia County, where the NAP swept all eight available seats on the Board of Commissioners, the Democratic majority (15-8-1 Whig) refused to seat the NAP commissioners (NYT 10/28/1851).
The 2d Native American Party National Convention assembled in Trenton NJ on 7/5-6/1852. Ten states sent 50 delegates. Former Rep. Lewis C. Levin called the convention to order.