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  Liberal
POLITICAL PARTY DETAILS
Color    
AbbreviationLIB
Websitehttp://www.liberal.org.au/
CountryAustralia
Established0000-00-00
Disbanded0000-00-00
ContributorUser 215
Last EditedIndyGeorgia - November 13, 2016 11:19am
DescriptionWhat does the Liberal Party stand for ?

We are the party of initiative and enterprise.

We believe in the inalienable rights and freedoms of all peoples; and we work towards a lean government that minimises interference in our daily lives; and maximises individual and private sector initiative.

We believe in government that nurtures and encourages its citizens through incentive, rather than putting limits on people through the punishing disincentives of burdensome taxes and the stifling structures of Labor's corporate state and bureaucratic red tape.

We believe in those most basic freedoms of parliamentary democracy - the freedom of thought, worship, speech and association.

We believe in a just and humane society in which the importance of the family and the role of law and justice is maintained.

We believe in equal opportunity for all Australians; and the encouragement and facilitation of wealth so that all may enjoy the highest possible standards of living, health, education and social justice.

We believe that, wherever possible, government should not compete with an efficient private sector; and that businesses and individuals - not government - are the true creators of wealth and employment.

We believe in preserving Australia's natural beauty and the environment for future generations.

We believe that our nation has a constructive role to play in maintaining world peace and democracy through alliance with other free nations.

In short, we simply believe in individual freedom and free enterprise; and if you share this belief, then ours is the Party for you.

Our Achievements for Australia
Since its formation in late 1944, the Liberal Party has governed Australia for 30 years, as well as holding power in all States for varying periods. To offer a list of major achievements is a most difficult exercise and the material below represents only a small proportion of the possible items. The complexity of a modern government is such that the full details of even a single department would be immense.

Some Achievements of the Menzies Era (1949-1966)
The Menzies period is recognised as a golden era in Australia's history with widespread prosperity, a flourishing economy and work for all. Some features:

high living standards for all Australians and the level of consumer goods per head (cars, radios etc) rose dramatically
the ratio of home owners rose from little over 50% to around 75% of the population in a decade
great progress in industry, manufacturing output, primary industry production and mineral development
Australia achieved a position in the world's top ten trading nations
Instigation of some of the major foreign powers treaties including SEATO and ANZUS, along with close co-operation with the Commonwealth and other allies
consistent spending on defence programmes
the arrival of 1 million immigrants in ten years
introduction of a succession of social security measures such as creating the pensioner medical and free medicines service
expansion of support for education programmes
introduction of needed improvements such as the national divorce laws
Among specific initiatives of this period:

child endowment introduced for the first child
free medical treatment for pensioners and dependants
free milk to school children
abolished land and entertainment tax
introduced Medical Benefits Scheme, and introduce free life-saving drugs for needy
helped negotiate ANZUS and SEATO treaties
promoter of Columbo Plan assisting SE Asian nations
reciprocity in social security with United Kingdom
encouraged growth of Canberra as a national capital
introduced Homes for Aged Scheme
introduced capital grants to mental hospitals and aid for teaching hospitals
tax deductions introduced for school fees and allied expenditure
introduced National Health Scheme based on self-help, providing cover for all citizens
voted in international forum to restrict nuclear
completed rail standardisation Sydney to Melbourne and funded other standardisation works
completed dams including Chowilla and Blowering
tax concessions introduced for married pensioners
development of beef roads scheme to develop the inland
special grants introduced for anti-tuberculosis campaigns
introduced Department of Housing, Home Savings Grants Scheme and Housing Loans Insurance Corporation to help more Australians own their own home
establishment of sheltered workshops
introduced Aged Pensioners Home Assistance Scheme
introduced invalid pensions
established Australian Universities Commission
established Commonwealth Scholarships
introduction of Commonwealth scholarships for secondary schools as means of introducing State Aid to all schools
funding for CAE's
Some Achievements of the Holt/Gorton/McMahon Era (1966-1972)
In this short period of six years, the advances of the Menzies period were consolidated. The Liberal governments moved ahead in the areas of traditional Liberal concern � health, education and welfare. The period is significant for a number of reasons, including foreign policy and defence initiatives, commitment to the aboriginal people and involvement with the rapidly changing world of technology, energy conservation and the environment.

Some features of the periods:

over half the existing homes in Australia were constructed since 1949
urban and regional development programmes begun
introduction of Department of Education and Science to take account of new technology
support for water conservation projects
emphasis on development of Northern Australia with new railways, road and ports and continued funding for beef roads
rapid expansion and support for tourist industry
continuation of full employment, high growth rates, exports doubled over decade to 1969, and work force rose over a million in same period
continuation of beneficial social security policies (eg assistance to sheltered workshops, handicapped schools etc) and health policies (eg grants to facilitate home nursing care)
continuation of the heavy migration programme and provision of services (eg English language courses) for new citizens)
initiatives in the fields of the Arts (eg Australian Council for Arts, Australian Film and Television Corporation)
increased grants for Aboriginal programmes
establishment of energy advisory and environmental bodies
Among the specific achievements:
new teacher training colleges funded
expansion of assistance to secondary schools for science laboratories
social service benefits provided to mentally retarded
assistance to deserted wives introduced
assistance scheme for pensioners wanting hearing aids introduced
Aboriginal Affairs Office established along with Council for Aboriginal Affairs
introduction of tapered means test
legislation introduced to protect against unfair takeover activity
established Institute of Marine Science
assistance to institutions training handicapped people
Meals on Wheels assisted
Introduction of language courses for migrants
established Australian Council for the Arts
aid for the establishment of Ord River Scheme
established twelve mile fishing zone
carriage of the referendum allowing aboriginals to be regarded as full citizens
Gordon River irrigation and conservation
funding of housing support for young widows scheme
established Bureau of Transport Economics in order to analyse costs of transport facilities
Some Achievements of the Fraser Government (1975-1983)
The Fraser Government faced difficult economic times; the aftermath of the world oil shock; record-breaking droughts; unsettled world markets; and the legacy of the profligate Labor Government under Whitlam.

Some features of the period:

introduction of far-reaching new Federalism programmes
large scale new development projects (roads, dams, etc)
focus on conservation, the environment and development of national parks
new developments in the social security area, led by the new family allowance scheme
involvement on the world's stage such as the instigation of CHOGRM, facilitating the emergence of Zimbabwe and playing a leading role in the resettlement of Vietnamese refugees
major new developments in the wages and industrial relations areas
focus on assisting with employment schemes and encouraging employment growth
new mineral resources found and developed and solutions found to the problems of world oil difficulties
assistance given to sportsmen to help them compete more effectively at world level
primary producers helped through the most severe drought ever
succession of programmes introduced to assist businesses both large and small
Among the specific achievements:

introduction of family allowance providing direct help for mothers and families
family income supplement introduced
lone fathers' benefit introduced
means test on pensions replaced by simpler income test
automatic indexation of pensions
new pensioner housing scheme introduced
abolition of estate and gift duties
establishment of Office of Child Care
progressive legal reforms with introduction of Ombudsman, National Companies and Securities Commission, Human Rights Commission, Freedom of Information legislation
ratification of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
prohibition of sand mining on Fraser Island
whaling banned in Australian waters
declaration of Great Barrier Reed Marine Park
five properties placed on World Heritage List (Barrier Reef, Kakadu, Wilandra Lakes, Lord Howe Island and SW Tasmania)

Northern Territory given self government and land rights granted there
agreement reached with States to restore their powers in territorial seas and to establish joint authorities for mining, fishing etc in off-shore areas and beyond
States and local government given permanent and guaranteed shares of personal income tax collections
National Women's Advisory Council established
establishment of Institute of Multicultural Affairs
establishment of Special Broadcasting System with special television and radio programmes
nuclear safeguards agreement negotiated with ten nations
introduction of child migrant education programme
introduction of import parity oil pricing as a means of conserving existing supplies and encourage exploration
Office of Youth Affairs and Institute of Family Studies set up as indication of concern with family considerations
National Youth Advisory Group established
began SYETP (Youth Training), school to work transition programme, programme for unemployed youth, youth employment task force, relocation assistance scheme, Job Bank computer system as a means of helping young people
established commercial FM radio
established Australian Institute of Sport
established Sport Development Programme, National Athlete Award Scheme, National Committee on Sport and Recreation for the Disabled
established number of bodies (eg National Aboriginal Conference) to further the cause of aboriginals
introduced income equalisation deposits as a self-help aid to primary producers to assist in times of drought etc
more referendum questions carried under the Fraser Government (3) than under any other Government



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