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Last EditedJuan Croniqueur - October 15, 2022 12:18pm
DescriptionThe Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste or PS) is the main opposition party in France. Although it has historically been a democratic socialist party, and still defines itself as such, most political scientists would say that it is now a social democratic party. It was founded in 1969. A democratic socialist party has existed in France under various names since 1880. For a century, however, it had only fleeting electoral success. In 1981, under Fran篩s Mitterrand, party won both the presidency and (with allies) a majority in the National Assembly for the first time, and was president for 14 years.

In 1984 Mitterrand and his second Prime Minister, Laurent Fabius, made a sharp change of course and abandoned any further socialist measures. Since then, the Socialists have been in practice a moderate social democratic party, largely embracing the market economy. Because of this, the Socialist party is often criticized by groups further to the left (Lutte Ouvri貥, Revolutionary Communist League, Parti des Travailleurs...) as being no more a truly left-wing party (see social-traitor). Another point of view is that the French Socialist Party aims at governing the country, while such groups only aim at being a vocal opposition in the hope of some hypothetical Communist revolution.

At the 1995 presidential election, Mitterrand retired, and the Socialist candidate, Lionel Jospin, was defeated by Jacques Chirac. In 1997, however, the Socialists gained a majority in the National Assembly and Jospin became Prime Minister, following a policy that was broadly progressive but had little to do with socialism as traditionally understood. Chirac again defeated Jospin in the presidential elections of 2002, and Jospin then retired from politics. Later in 2002 the Socialists were defeated by Chirac's allies in parliamentary elections. In the 2004 regional elections, however, the Socialists had a major comeback. In coalition with the Greens and Communists, they gained power in 21 of the 22 regions. The leader of the Socialist Party is now its secretary-general, Fran篩s Hollande.

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Jun 04, 2005 10:00am News French Socialists oust 'No' camp  Article User 13 



01/19/2023 French Socialist Party - First Secretary Olivier Faure Won 50.83% (+1.65%)
01/19/2023 French Socialist Party - First Secretary Nicolas Mayer-Rossignol Lost 49.17% (-1.65%)
01/19/2023 French Socialist Party - First Secretary Hélène Geoffroy Lost 0.00% (-50.83%)
06/28/2022 French National Assembly President Fatiha Keloua-Hachi Lost 31.17% (-21.21%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Finistère 5th (Runoff) Nathalie Sarrabezolles Lost 45.42% (-9.17%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Loiret 1st (Runoff) Ghislaine Kounowski Lost 42.79% (-14.42%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Gironde 6th (Runoff) Vanessa Fergeau-Renaux Lost 48.15% (-3.71%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Ardèche 1st (Runoff) Hervé Saulignac Won 60.05% (+20.09%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Morbihan 1st (Runoff) Luc Foucault Lost 40.75% (-18.50%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Bouches-du-Rhône 16th (Runoff) Christophe Caillault Lost 45.06% (-9.88%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Pyrénées-Atlantiques 4th (Runoff) Iñaki Echaniz Won 50.11% (+0.23%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Indre-et-Loire 4th (Runoff) Laurent Baumel Lost 49.48% (-1.03%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Paris 2nd (Runoff) Marine Rosset Lost 36.61% (-26.78%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Hauts-de-Seine 10th (Runoff) Cécile Soubelet Lost 40.15% (-19.71%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Isère 4th (Runoff) Marie-Noëlle Battistel Won 58.06% (+16.11%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Paris 11th (Runoff) Olivia Polski Lost 58.06% (-19.71%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Ain 1st (Runoff) Sébastien Guéraud Lost 36.78% (-26.43%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Val-d'Oise 7th (Runoff) Romain Eskenazi Lost 49.63% (-0.74%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Réunion 1st (Runoff) Philippe Naillet Won 60.68% (+21.36%)
06/19/2022 French National Assembly - Ille-et-Vilaine 3rd (Runoff) Claudia Rouaux Won 51.53% (+3.05%)