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  Cooperative Commonwealth Federation
POLITICAL PARTY DETAILS
Color    
AbbreviationCCF
Website
CountryCanada
Established1932-00-00
Disbanded1961-00-00
ContributorThe Oncoming Storm
Last EditedThe Oncoming Storm - February 11, 2004 11:04pm
DescriptionThe Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) was founded in 1932 in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, by a number of socialist, farm, and labour groups. Its aim was to alleviate the suffering of the Great Depression through economic reform and public cooperation. Many of the party's first MP's were former MP's in the Progressive Party of Canada At its first convention in Regina, Saskatchewan it selected James Woodsworth (an Independent Labor Party MP since 1921) as its leader and adopted the Regina Manifesto as its policy program. The manifesto outlined a number of goals, including:
Public ownership of key industries
Creation of a welfare state
Universal pensions
Universal health insurance
Children's allowances
Unemployment insurance
Workers compensation


...and concluded that "No CCF Government will rest content until it has eradicated capitalism and put into operation the full programme of socialized planning which will lead to the establishment in Canada of the Cooperative Commonwealth." In its first election in 1935, the CCF elected 7 MPs to the House of Commons, and the following election in 1940 elected 8 members. But the party was divided with the outbreak of World War II as Woodsworth was an uncompromising pacifist and this upset many supporters of the Canadian war effort. A new leader, Major Coldwell, was elected and threw the party's support behind the war. The party won a critical York South by-election in February 1942, and in the process prevented the Conservative leader, former Prime Minister Arthur Meighen, from entering the House of Commons. In the next federal election the CCF returned 28 MPs and won 15.6% of the vote.

However, the party was to have its greatest success in provincial politics. In 1943 it became the official opposition in Ontario, and in 1944 it formed the first socialist government in North America in Saskatchewan with Tommy Douglas as premier. Douglas introduced universal healthcare to Saskatchewan, a policy that was soon adopted by other provinces and implemented nationally by the Liberals under Lester B. Pearson.

Federally, during the Cold War period the CCF was accused of having communist, dictatorial leanings. To quash these accusations the Regina Manifesto was replaced by a more moderate document, the Winnipeg Declaration, in 1956. Nevertheless, the party did poorly in the 1958 federal election and elected only eight MPs.

After much discussion, the CCF and the Canadian Labour Congress decided to join forces to create a new political party, which could make democratic socialism more popular with Canadian voters. In 1961 the CCF became the New Democratic Party.

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MOST RECENT RACES
09/17/2018 CAN House of Commons - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 0.30% (-53.55%)
09/14/2018 CAN House of Commons - Seat Distribution Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 0.30% (-53.85%)
06/18/2018 CAN House of Commons - Seat Distribution Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 0.30% (-53.85%)
06/06/2018 CAN House of Commons - Seat Distribution Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 0.30% (-53.85%)
05/11/2018 SK Parliament - Regina—Lewvan - Party Switch Erin Weir Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
04/22/1964 SK Legislative Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 44.07% (-10.17%)
09/12/1960 BC Legislative Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 30.77% (-30.77%)
06/08/1960 SK Legislative Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Won 68.52% (+37.04%)
06/07/1960 NS Premier Michael James MacDonald Lost 2.33% (-60.47%)
06/07/1960 NS House of Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 2.33% (-60.47%)
06/11/1959 ON Legislative Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 5.10% (-67.35%)
05/14/1959 MB Legislative Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 17.54% (-45.61%)
06/16/1958 MB Legislative Assembly - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 19.30% (-26.32%)
03/31/1958 ON Parliament - Davenport Andrew Brewin Lost 19.89% (-28.67%)
03/31/1958 QC Parliament - St. Lawrence—St. George Norman Mergler Lost 3.03% (-51.95%)
03/31/1958 SK Parliament - Prince Albert Thora Wiggens Lost 16.83% (-55.30%)
03/31/1958 CAN House of Commons - Party Standings Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 3.02% (-75.47%)
03/31/1958 CAN House of Commons - Popular Vote Cooperative Commonwealth Federation Lost 9.51% (-44.15%)
03/31/1958 QC Parliament - Villeneuve Yvon Parent Lost 2.29% (-32.72%)
03/31/1958 CAN Prime Minister Major James William "M.J." Coldwell Lost 3.03% (-75.76%)