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  Conflict: Israel/Palestine
Parent Issue
Foreign Relations 
Last ModifiedPenguin June 30, 2006 09:56pm
DescriptionIsrael & Palestine Conflict

In 1947, the United Nations created the modern state of Israel. The move partitioned the former British protectorate of Palestine into two sections. It was a decision opposed by all Arab nations, many of whom immediately declared war on the state. In a series of bloody wars, Israel and its Arab neighbors fought over the right of the Jewish state to exist. Military victories expanding Israel's territory were interspersed with attempts to find understanding and peaceful coexistence.

At several moments during the later half of the 20th century, Israeli and Arab leaders came to the negotiation table hoping to find ways to bring stability to the war-torn region. Peace talks slowed after the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin by an Israeli radical in 1995. After several interim agreements and lengthy discussions about Israeli withdrawals, Gaza City, Ramallah, Hebron and other key cities shifted from Israeli control to the Palestinian Authority. But after a first round of moves, talks bogged down in 1997 and 1998.

In 2000, a visit by hard-line Likud party leader Ariel Sharon to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem sparked an even more intensified fight between Israelis and Palestinians. In 2001, Prime Minister Ehud Barak was voted out of office in Israel and Sharon's new administration sparked the conflict as we know it today.

Israeli Government  Discuss
Israeli Guide to the Mideast Peace Process  Discuss
Palestinian Economic Council for Development and Reconstruction  Discuss
Palestinian Mission to the United Nations  Discuss
Palestinian National Authority Palestine Development Plan  Discuss
Palestinian Negotiations Affairs Department  Discuss
Roadmap to Peace  Discuss

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Date Category Headline Article Contributor
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