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  Western Sahara
Province
 Boujdour   
 Es Semara   
 Laayoune   
 Oued el Dahab   
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
  President  Brahim Ghali 0 16 +86.39%
  Prime Minister  Mohamed Wali Akeik 0 18 +100.00%
  Sahrawi National Council  Polisario Front 1 12 +100.00%
Southern Provinces of the Kingdom of Morocco
  King  Mohammed VI 0 99 +100.00%


Neighbors
Algeria  
Mauritania  
Morocco  
Oceans / Seas / Gulfs
North Atlantic Ocean  

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Parents  
Alternate NamesArabic: الصحراء الغربية‎‎ aṣ-Ṣaḥrā' al-Gharbīyah; Berber: Taneẓroft Tutrimt; Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental
Established November 14, 1975
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorU Ole Polecat
Last ModifiedBojicat June 24, 2019 10:51am
Description A former Spanish colony annexed by Morocco in 1975. Since then it has been the subject of a long-running territorial dispute between Morocco and its indigenous Saharawi people, led by the Polisario Front.

A 16-year-long insurgency ended with a UN-brokered truce in 1991 and the promise of a referendum on independence which has yet to take place.

A buffer strip, "Moroccan Wall" or "berm" with landmines and fortifications, stretches the length of the disputed territory and separates the Moroccan-controlled and administered western portion, which Morocco calls its "Southern Provinces" or "Moroccan Sahara," from the eastern area controlled by the Polisario Front, called the "Free Zone."

The Sahrawi (Saharan) Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), declared by the Polisario Front in 1976, is recognized by 84 governments and became a full member of the African Union in 1984, but not the UN.

Moroccan control over the rest of the peninsula is recognized by most of the Arab League, save Algeria (a big sponsor of Sahrawi independence), Syria and Mauritania (which took the southern part of Western Sahara in 1975, calling it Tiris al-Gharbiyya or Western Tiris, battled the Polisario until withdrawing in 1979, then recognized the SADR on February 27, 1984).


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Aug 11, 2019 08:00am News A Long-Dormant African Conflict Draws Unusual White House Spotlight  Article Bojicat 

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