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  Vatican City
  Pope  Francis (Jorge Mario Bergoglio) 1 13 +100.00%
  Secretary of State  Pietro Parolin 0 13 A +100.00%
Pontifical Commission
  President of the Governatorate  Fernando Vérgez Alzaga 0 21 A +100.00%
  Pontifical Commission Member  Beniamino Stella 0 14 A +100.00%
  Pontifical Commission Member  Kevin Joseph Farrell 0 19 A +100.00%
  Pontifical Commission Member  Domenico Calcagno 0 12 A +100.00%
  Pontifical Commission Member  Giuseppe Petrocchi 0 18 A +100.00%
  Pontifical Commission Member  Stanisław Ryłko 0 18 A +100.00%
  Pontifical Commission Member  Leonardo Sandri 0 18 A +100.00%


Established February 11, 1929
Disbanded Still Active
Last ModifiedIndyGeorgia June 14, 2021 12:58pm
Description State of the Vatican City, the Holy See
Stato della Citta del Vaticano, Santa Sede

An independent enclave of Rome, the Holy See is an ecclesiastical state governed by the Pontiff as Head of State and the Secretary of State as Head of Government. The Legislature sits as the Cabinet, consisting of the Pontifical Commission appointed by the Pontiff. There are three tribunals responsible for civil and criminal matters within Vatican City. The Holy See is supported financially by a tax on all Roman Catholic dioceses worldwide. Its annual budget falls under $180 Million United States.

As the capital of the Roman Catholic faith, the Holy See has an elaborate Foreign Affairs structure. It is an official observer of the United Nations and has been sough for international relations advice by all member states of the United Nations General Assembly. The Vatican appoints to each country a Papal Nuncio who acts as Ambassador. He is also is given jurisdiction over dioceses within the nation to which he is appointed. The Holy See maintains a single military unit called the Corpo della Guardia Svizzera, known to the world as the Swiss Guards. Supplementary defense is provided by the Italian Defense Ministry.

Historically, the Holy See was part of a larger union of Papal States under the leadership of the Pontiff. The Papal States can be traced back to the 8th Century. On February 11, 1929, the Pontiff signed three treaties with Italy recognizing the full sovereignty of the present-day State of the Vatican City. Outside the state borders, the Holy See maintains 13 buildings in Rome and Castel Gandolfo, the Papal Summer Residence. These buildings enjoy extraterritorial rights.


Congregation for the Clergy  Discuss
Permanent Observer Mission of the Holy See to the United Nations  Discuss
The Holy See  Discuss
United States Embassy to the Holy See  Discuss


Category Name
Newspaper L'Osservatore Romano 
Radio Vatican Radio 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Title Purchase Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Sep 24, 2020 02:40pm News Key Vatican cardinal caught up in real estate scandal resigns suddenly  Article IndyGeorgia 
Aug 26, 2018 08:00am Report Former Vatican ambassador says Pope Francis, Benedict knew of sexual misconduct allegations against McCarrick for years  Article IndyGeorgia 
Jun 28, 2017 08:00pm Investigation Cardinal George Pell charged with multiple sexual offences  Article IndyGeorgia 
Jul 08, 2013 04:50pm News Vatican Bank Facilitated money laundering, report says  Article kal 
May 27, 2012 12:05pm Scandal Vatican in chaos after butler arrested for leaks  Article Craverguy 
May 13, 2011 02:35am News Human rights' report lists Vatican for failure to protect children  Article Homegrown Democrat 
Sep 16, 2010 10:00am General Pope: Church Too Slow to Respond to Sex Abuse  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Jun 28, 2010 09:00am News Pope deplores Belgian sex raids, stresses autonomy  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Apr 06, 2010 10:35pm News Vatican picks a Latino to lead Los Angeles Archdiocese  Article particleman 
Apr 06, 2010 01:30pm News Cardinals Decry "Hate Campaign" Against Pope  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Apr 02, 2010 04:00pm Idiocy At Vatican Service, Persecution of Jews Is Invoked  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Mar 04, 2010 09:00pm Scandal Vatican hit by gay sex scandal  Article Craverguy 
Apr 17, 2009 08:00pm General Pope Pursues Heavenly Power With Plant Harnessing Sun  Article RP 
Feb 01, 2009 10:35am News Cleric whose Katrina comment caused stir promoted  Article ArmyDem 
Jan 29, 2009 04:00am General Chief Rabbinate of Israel cuts ties with Vatican over Holocaust bishop  Article kal 
Sep 17, 2008 12:00pm News Vatican to host meeting on evolutionary theory  Article Thomas Walker 
Dec 16, 2007 03:15pm News Zeffirelli: Pope Benedict Needs Makeover  Article Gerald Farinas 
Jun 26, 2007 02:00pm News Pope changes rules for electing successor  Article kal 
Dec 06, 2006 12:10pm News Vatican archaeologists unearth tomb believed to be St. Paul’s  Article Imperator 
Jan 19, 2006 03:00pm News "Intelligent design" not science: Vatican paper  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Dec 16, 2005 02:00pm News Vatican official slams Iran over Holocaust remark  Article off_to_DC 
Dec 05, 2005 12:35pm General Pope set to abolish limbo  Article Thomas Walker 
Oct 09, 2005 09:00pm Announcement Vatican Beatifies "Lion of Münster"  Article Penguin 
Sep 15, 2005 10:10am News Vatican to Check U.S. Seminaries on Gay Presence  Article SC Moose 
Jun 17, 2005 01:00pm News Vatican Suspends Priest's Beatification  Article Thomas Walker 
May 23, 2005 07:00pm News Vatican: No Plans for Degallado Probe  Article Thomas Walker 
May 15, 2005 11:00pm News Benedict selects American as defender of church doctrine  Article particleman 
Apr 08, 2005 10:35pm News Leaders Come Together at Pope's Funeral  Article New York Democrat 
Jun 04, 2004 12:00am News Bush Meets With the Pope at the Vatican; Bush Awards Presidential Medal of Freedom to Pope  Article Gerald Farinas 
Oct 14, 2003 12:00am News Faith Fades Where It Once Burned Strong  Article karin1492 
May 24, 2002 12:00am News No Medical Marijuana at Vatican Pharmacy  Article PragCon 3.0 

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