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  President  Bashar al-Assad 0 21 +91.88%
  Prime Minister  Hussein Arnous 0 20 +100.00%
  People's Council   National Progressive Front 0 20 +46.40%
 Deir ez-Zor   
 Rif Dimashq   
Party Leadership
 Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party   
Separatist Government
  Co-Presidents of Rojava  Mansur Selum 0 16 +0.00%
  Hediya Yousef 0 16 +50.00%
 Syrian Democratic Assembly   

Oceans / Seas / Gulfs
Mediterranean Sea  

Established April 17, 1946
Disbanded Still Active
Last ModifiedBojicat July 26, 2019 02:55pm
Description A ancient land occupied for millennia by countless invaders, the region which we now call Syria found its first recorded historical expression in around 3500 BC as the Kingdom of Ebla.

The modern incarnation of it was formed under a French Mandate via the San Remo resolution of April 25, 1920. Syrian nationalists and the British forced the French to evacuate in April 1946, and independence was declared on April 17, 1946, led and dominated by Ba'ath (or 'Renaissance') party ideologists ever since.

The swell of Ba'ath Party pan-Arab nationalism unleashed by the end of the Second World War inspired both Syria and Egypt to unite in 1958, forming the short-lived United Arab Republic. Resentment over Egyptian dominance however incited a coup d'état in 1961, which ended the union and restored the Syrian Republic. Egyptian kindled instability brought about a second coup in Syria on March 8, 1963, organized by junior officers split from the main Ba’athist party.

Another coup in 1966 and a third war against Israel in 1967 devastated the country, resulting in a long period of instability and martial law, until Hafez al-Assad assumed the presidency in 1971. Assad reigned in the Ba'ath party, linked himself with the Soviet Union, assumed almost dictatorial power, and strengthened Syria's position.

Calls for democratization upon his death in 2000 crept through when his son, Bashar al-Assad, took command of the nation, forcing the young leader to initiate a 'lighter touch' policy which also strengthened the economy for a time.

The country descended into civil war however beginning in 2011 when the government over-reacted to crush an "Arab Spring"-inspired demonstration in the Southern city of Deraa.

Syria Governorates -




Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
May 07, 2012 02:00am May 07, 2012 02:00am General Election Syria Parliamentary Elections  Picimpalious 

Title Purchase Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Oct 13, 2019 06:00pm News Kurds reach deal with Damascus in face of Turkish offensive  Article IndyGeorgia 
Mar 06, 2019 09:30am General ‘Assad or We Burn the Country’: How the Syrian Regime Prevailed  Article IndyGeorgia 
Oct 06, 2013 12:35pm News Syria chemical arms removal begins  Article RP 
Sep 27, 2013 08:10pm News U.N. votes to eliminate Syria's chemical weapons  Article Homegrown Democrat 
Sep 14, 2013 11:45pm Announcement U.S., Russia reach agreement on seizure of Syrian chemical weapons arsenal  Article Homegrown Democrat 
Sep 09, 2013 11:00am News U.S. open to Russian chemical weapons proposal  Article Brandonius Maximus