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  El Salvador
Institutions
  President  Nayib Bukele 0 19 +21.38%
  Legislative Assembly  Nationalist Republican Alliance 0 18 +22.37%
Department
 Ahuachapán   
 Cabañas   
 Chalatenango   
 Cuscatlán   
 La Libertad   
 La Paz   
 La Union   
 Morazan   
 San Miguel   
 San Salvador   
 San Vicente   
 Santa Ana   
 Sonsonate   
 Usulutan   


Neighbors
Guatemala  
Honduras  
Oceans / Seas / Gulfs
North Pacific Ocean  

Country DETAILS
Parents  
Websitehttp://www.casapres.gob.sv/
Established September 15, 1821
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorUser 13
Last ModifiedBojicat July 24, 2019 09:29am
Description The most densely-populated state in the Americas, El Salvador ("The Savior"; named by Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado) has had the misfortune of being convulsed in recent history by civil war (resulting in 70,000+ deaths from 1979 to 1981), peasant uprisings (the most famous one in 1932 led by Augustine Marti and resulting in 30,000+ deaths), intense poverty, prolonged bouts of economic depression, high mass emigration, violent street gangs (called the "mara") and, almost perennially, the world's highest murder rate.

Independence from Spain in 1821, inspired by events during the Peninsular War (1807-1814) between Bourbon Spain and Napoleon, left the new nation extremely vulnerable (especially from an expansionist Mexico), impelling it to huddle with its equally vulnerable Central American neighbors to form the short-lived United Provinces of Central America, a sort of self-help grouping modeled after the United States. Strife and disagreements between the new states (Nicaragua left in 1838) and Mexican encroachments forced the union to break apart in 1840.

Good fortune came to El Salvador when coffee growing was cultivated in 1859 by President Gerardo Barrios, enriching the new nation for a time, but also cementing vestiges of Spanish manorialism and the seignorial system. Calls for agrarian and labor reform initiated a period of civil strife that has burdened El Salvador to some degree ever since.



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Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
Mar 11, 2012 06:00pm Mar 11, 2012 06:00pm General Election El Salvador Parliamentary Elections  Picimpalious 

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