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  President  Abdelmadjid Tebboune 0 19 +40.77%
  Prime Minister  Abdelaziz Djerad 0 19 +100.00%
 Aïn Defla   
 Aïn Témouchent   
 Bordj Bou Arréridj   
 El Bayadh   
 El Oued   
 El Tarf   
 Oum el Bouaghi   
 Sidi Bel Abbès   
 Souk Ahras   
 Tizi Ouzou   
  Council of the Nation  National Liberation Front 0 18 +7.64%
 People's National Assembly   

Western Sahara  
Oceans / Seas / Gulfs
Mediterranean Sea  

Established July 03, 1962
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorU Ole Polecat
Last ModifiedIndyGeorgia July 17, 2015 10:12pm
Description After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the 1950s to achieve independence in 1962. Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), has dominated politics ever since. Many Algerians in the subsequent generation were not satisfied, however, and moved to counter the FLN's centrality in Algerian politics. The surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front (FIS) in the December 1991 balloting spurred the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power. The army began a crack down on the FIS that spurred FIS supporters to begin attacking government targets. The government later allowed elections featuring pro-government and moderate religious-based parties, but did not appease the activists who progressively widened their attacks. The fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense fighting between 1992-98 and which resulted in over 100,000 deaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists. The government gained the upper hand by the late-1990s and FIS's armed wing, the Islamic Salvation Army, disbanded in January 2000. However, small numbers of armed militants persist in confronting government forces and conducting ambushes and occasional attacks on villages. The army placed Abdelaziz BOUTEFLIKA in the presidency in 1999 in a fraudulent election but claimed neutrality in his 2004 landslide reelection victory. Longstanding problems continue to face BOUTEFLIKA in his second term, including the ethnic minority Berbers' ongoing autonomy campaign, large-scale unemployment, a shortage of housing, unreliable electrical and water supplies, government inefficiencies and corruption, and the continuing - although significantly degraded - activities of extremist militants. Algeria must also diversify its petroleum-based economy, which has yielded a large cash reserve but which has not been used to redress Algeria's many social and infrastructure problems.

National Flag Description:

The colors of the flag symbolize Islam (green), purity (white) and liberty (red). The crescent and star is a symbol of Islam, with the crescent being more closed than in other Muslim countries because the Algerians believe that the long horns of the crescent bring happiness.

Religious Adherents [Link]
Muslim 96.9%
Non-religious 3.0%
Christian 0.2%

Algeria Wilayas -




Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
May 10, 2012 02:00am May 10, 2012 02:00am General Election Algeria Parliamentary Elections  Picimpalious 
Jul 04, 2019 06:00am Jul 04, 2019 06:00am Presidential Election Algerian Presidential Election  Bojicat 

Title Purchase Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Sep 13, 2018 12:00pm News France admits torture during Algeria's war of independence  Article IndyGeorgia 
Feb 11, 2011 07:00pm General Algeria moves to stave off unrest  Article Penguin 
Jun 23, 2008 10:55am News In Algeria, a Tug of War for Young Minds  Article ArmyDem 
Apr 11, 2007 02:40pm News Al Qaeda claims deadly Algiers bombings  Article RP 
Dec 28, 2003 12:00am News Mass grave 'unearthed in Algeria'  Article Picimpalious