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  Oregon
State Government
  Governor  Kate Brown 1 18 +6.40%
  Secretary of State  Bev Clarno 0 19 +100.00%
  Treasurer  Tobias Read 1 16 +2.30%
  Attorney General  Ellen Rosenblum 2 16 +13.31%
   Labor Commissioner  Val Hoyle 1 18 +16.94%
  State Senate  Democratic Party Control 0 18 +20.00%
  State House  Democratic Party Control 1 18 +26.67%
State Judiciary
 Oregon Supreme Court   
President
  President  Hillary Clinton 0 16 +10.98%
Senate
  Senate Class II  Jeff Merkley 2 14 +18.86%
  Senate Class III  Ron Wyden 4 16 +23.25%
House of Representatives
  OR - District 01  Suzanne Bonamici 4 18 +31.59%
  OR - District 02  Greg Walden 11 18 +16.90%
  OR - District 03  Earl Blumenauer 12 18 +52.78%
  OR - District 04  Peter A. DeFazio 17 18 +15.10%
  OR - District 05  Kurt Schrader 6 18 +13.20%
County List
 Counties   
Party Leadership
 Democratic State Party Chair   
 Republican State Party Chair   
 Socialist State Party Chair   
State Capitol
  OR State Capitol  Salem 0 55 +100.00%
Referenda
 Measures   

Sub-Races
% Of Total VotesOfficeOregon WinnerYrOregon Votes% of Sub% Vs. Full Race
1.30% U.S. Executive   Hillary Clinton 16 7 100.00% +57.81%
1.46% Popular Vote   Hillary Clinton 16 1,002,106 50.07% +1.89%

Neighbors
California, United States  
Idaho, United States  
Nevada, United States  
Washington, United States  

Created From
[X] Territory of Oregon Territory February 14, 1859
State DETAILS
Parents > United States  
Established February 14, 1859
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorInspectorMorse
Last ModifiedRP March 22, 2020 10:05pm
Description Issues far from Oregon shaped affairs along the Pacific Coast in the 1850s. Sectional tensions heightened during the bumbling presidencies of Millard Fillmore, Franklin Pierce, and James Buchanan. The Compromise of 1850 gained a little time, but its concessions satisfied neither proslavery extremists in the South nor abolitionists in the North. The nation was on its course to the Civil War. Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin, enraged slaveowners as it swept across the country in a powerful indictment of the "peculiar institution." Formation of the Republican Party in 1854, troubles in "Bleeding Kansas" in 1856, the Dred Scott decision in 1857, and John Brown's raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry in 1858 confirmed the divisions and tensions. The Republicans had drawn the line--no further expansion of slavery. They nominated John C. Fremont, a popular western explorer, for the presidency. Although Fremont lost, within four years their candidate, Abraham Lincoln, was headed to Washington, D.C., as the 16th president. Passions were high. Then came secession and war.

Three parties vied for political control in Oregon. The Democrats were an odd lot, including northerners opposed to slavery and southern diehards who supported an institution barred by the Organic Act of 1848. The Whigs held political patronage in the early 1850s but watched their party disintegrate nationally. The Know-Nothings were opposed to the political clique that had managed territorial government in Salem. These divisions confirmed the heavy hold of old persuasions and attitudes--the intellectual baggage carried by emigrants.

Without enabling legislation from Congress, Oregonians voted in June 1857 to hold a constitutional convention. The delegates assembled in Salem during the summer and drafted a governing document. It was modeled on those of Iowa, Indiana, and Michigan. The constitution limited public debt and placed tight controls on banks and corporations. An agricultural people, the convention delegates argued, had little use for frivolous expenditures or unnecessary institutions. In the fall voters faced three questions. Did they approve the constitution? They voted yes. Did they want slavery? They voted 7,727 no and 2,645 yes. Did they want freed African-Americans to live in Oregon? They voted eight to one against permitting their residency.

The actions in 1857 were predictable. Oregonians hungered for control of their own government and an end to the patronage appointments produced by shifting administrations in Washington, D.C. They also affirmed they did not want slavery in Oregon. The question of driving free African-Americans from the new state revealed resoundingly racist attitudes. They did not see freed slaves, Indians, or women standing equally before the law. In this Oregonians differed little from Thomas Jefferson. Architect of the Declaration of Independence and its gracefully worded affirmations of natural rights, Jefferson was a slave-owner all his adult life. He could not rise to the noble philosophy of personal freedom he articulated in the 1770s. Oregonians in 1857 appeared to have drunk from the same well.

In June 1858, residents of the territory elected officials as defined by their new constitution. For months the fate of Oregon statehood floated on shifting political coalitions distrustful of changing the fragile balance of power in Congress. It was known Oregon would be a free state, yet its newly elected senators--Joseph Lane and Delazon Smith--were proslavery Democrats. Finally Congress acted and on February 14, 1859, President Buchanan signed the bill. Oregon joined the federal union.

Registration is Partisan.
PVID+5.04 ( D+1.89 R-7.00 I-0.12 N+3.20 LBT+1.42 G-1.07 CST-0.15 PSL-0.05 ADP-0.02 BFA-0.54 )

MAPS
OR CDs 2013-2023 Jan 3, 2013-Jan 3, 2023


Largest Population Cities  
# City County Population As Of
1 Portland Multnomah 653,115 2018-07-01
2 Salem Marion 173,442 2018-07-01
3 Eugene Lane 171,245 2018-07-01
4 Gresham Multnomah 110,158 2018-07-01
5 Hillsboro Washington 108,389 2018-07-01
6 Beaverton Washington 98,962 2018-07-01
7 Bend Deschutes 97,590 2018-07-01
8 Medford Jackson 82,347 2018-07-01
9 Springfield Lane 62,979 2018-07-01
10 Corvallis Benton 58,641 2018-07-01
[More]
Largest Population Counties  
# County State Population As Of
1 Multnomah OR 811,880 2018-07-01
2 Washington OR 597,695 2018-07-01
3 Clackamas OR 416,075 2018-07-01
4 Lane OR 379,611 2018-07-01
5 Marion OR 346,868 2018-07-01
6 Jackson OR 219,564 2018-07-01
7 Deschutes OR 191,996 2018-07-01
8 Linn OR 127,335 2018-07-01
9 Douglas OR 110,283 2018-07-01
10 Yamhill OR 107,002 2018-07-01
[More]

HISTORY
Click For History Details

INFORMATION LINKS
Constitution Party of Oregon  Discuss
Democratic Party of Oregon  Discuss
Libertarian Party of Oregon  Discuss
Oregon Republican Party  Discuss
Pacific Green Party of Oregon  Discuss
Socialist Party of Oregon  Discuss

VOTER REGISTRATION
Pty Amount % Yr Chg As Of Contributor
D 1,006,266 35.15% +13.54% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
N 962,453 33.62% +1.03% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
R 711,344 24.85% +5.47% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
IndOR 123,189 4.30% -2.81% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
LBT 19,215 0.67% -2.94% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
OTH 17,660 0.62% -6.31% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
WFP 9,128 0.32% -14.41% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
PAC 7,679 0.27% -29.64% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
CST 3,682 0.13% -3.39% Apr 30, 2020 RBH
PRG 2,215 0.08% -13.63% Apr 30, 2020 RBH

MEDIA

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
Jan 01, 1900 09:00am Jan 01, 1900 10:00pm General Election OR Poll Open and Close Times Set  RP 
May 15, 2012 02:00am May 15, 2012 02:00am Primary Election OR Primary Election  Picimpalious 
May 17, 2016 09:00am May 17, 2016 10:00pm Primary Election OR Primary Election  RP 
May 15, 2018 09:00am May 15, 2018 10:00pm Primary Election OR Primary Election  RP 
May 19, 2020 09:00am May 19, 2020 10:00pm Primary Election OR Primary Election  RP 

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jan 21, 2015 11:00am History Oregon Was Founded As a Racist Utopia  Article RP 
Nov 22, 2011 03:50pm Rule Change Kitzhaber stops Oregon's death penalty   Article RP 
Jun 30, 2010 11:00am Proposed Legislation New [OR] law prohibits credit history checks by most employers  Article RP 
Apr 02, 2009 02:00pm Blog Entry Semi-fusion voting  Article Ralphie 
Feb 25, 2009 12:40pm News Marionberry denied Oregon honour  Article Servo 
Dec 30, 2008 01:00pm Proposed Legislation Oregon will move to tax cars by the mile  Article RP 

DISCUSSION