> United States > North Carolina > Counties > Pitt
|Established|| 00, 1771|
|Disbanded|| Still Active |
|Last Modified||RP August 04, 2018 10:31am|
|Description||Greenville was founded in 1771 as "Martinsborough," after the Royal Governor Josiah Martin. In 1774 the town was moved to its present location on the south bank of the Tar River, three miles west of its original site. In 1786, the name was changed to Greenesville in honor of General Nathanael Greene, the Revolutionary War hero, and later shortened to Greenville. |
During Greenville?s early years, the Tar River was a navigable waterway; and by the 1860?s there were several established riverboat lines transporting passengers and goods. Cotton was the leading agricultural crop, and Greenville became a major cotton export center. Before the turn of the century, however, tobacco surpassed cotton and became the leading money crop. Greenville became one of the State?s leading tobacco marketing and warehouse centers.
For over a century, Greenville was recognized only for being an important tobacco market and the home of a small State-supported college. By the mid 1960?s, a new image began to evolve. The small college, East Carolina Teachers College, had become the third largest State-supported college, and enrollment approached 8,000 students--twice the 1960 enrollment figure. In 1967, it became East Carolina University. The ECU Medical School admitted its first four-year class in 1977. At the turn of the century, enrollment at ECU has topped the 18,000 mark.
Greenville?s current economic development began in 1968 when Burroughs Wellcome, a major pharmaceutical research and manufacturing firm, chose Greenville as its home. The site is now owned by DSM Catalytica Pharmaceuticals and employs approximately 1,400 people. The City and Pitt County have also become home to many other major industries and businesses including Rubbermaid, NACCO Materials Handling Group, Grady White Boats, and ASMO. This has added to Greenville?s population and the economic growth of the City.
Today, Greenville is a major industrial and economic center for Eastern North Carolina, a center for education, industry, medicine, and culture. The City covers over 26.6 square miles and has a population of more than 60,000 (as of the 2000 Census).
All-America City Finalist 1971.
Site of Crusade by Billy Sunday in 1928.
Greenville has used the council-manager form of government since 1953. Under this form of government, the City Council, which is elected by the people, is the final authority on policy matters relating to Greenville’s government. The City Council employs a City Manager to handle the day-to-day management and operations of the City.
The Mayor and City Council are responsible for establishing general policies for the operation of the City as well as appointing the City Manager, City Attorney, City Clerk, and members of the volunteer Boards and Commissions. The Council enacts ordinances, resolutions, and orders; adopts the annual budget; approves the financing of all City operations; and authorizes contracts on behalf of the City.
The Mayor and City Council Members serve two-year terms with non-partisan elections held every other November, in odd years. Candidates run for office under a system electing five district Council Members, one at-large City Council Member, and the Mayor at-large.