|Established|| 00, 0000|
|Disbanded|| Still Active |
|Last Modified||IndyGeorgia August 18, 2010 05:33pm|
Grand National Assembly of Turkey |
ccording to Article 7 of the Constitution, legislative power is vested in the TGNA on behalf of the Turkish people, and this right is nondelegable. The Turkish Grand National Assembly (TGNA) is composed of 550 deputies elected once every five years. The Parliament can decide to hold new elections before its term is completed, or to postpone elections for a year in case of war or to have an early election. The President, based on his constitutional authority, may also decide to hold new elections. In case a vacancy occurs in the TGNA, a by-election may be held. By-elections shall be held once in every election term. A by-election shall not be held within one year before the general election.
The election of deputies shall be carried out according to the principles of freedom, equality, secret ballot, single stage, general vote with open counting and documentation. Elections are held under the general administration and supervision of the judicial organs. Every Turkish citizen who is over eighteen years of age has the right to vote, and every Turkish citizen over the age of thirty, who has completed his/her primary school education, has the right to be elected. The method of election is determined by law.
Deputies represent the entire nation and when they begin their duties, they take an oath, the text of which is included in the Constitution. Deputies have legal immunity regarding their votes and their thoughts, which they verbally express. The Parliament has the authority to lift this immunity and to dismiss a deputy from his duties. The deputies may apply to the Constitutional Court to counter these decisions.
The TGNA, besides its special functions and authorities provided by the Constitution, adopts, amends and abrogates the laws; supervises the Council of Ministers and ministers; gives authority to the Council of Ministers to promulgate decrees having the force of law, and adopts the budget and final account draft laws. Furthermore, making decisions for declaring war, martial law or emergency rule; approving the signing of international agreements are also among the functions and authorities of the TGNA.
The Turkish Grand National Assembly carries out its activities through commissions in accordance with the internal regulations prepared by itself and the Constitution. Commissions are formed according to various subjects of expertise. The commissions engage in preparatory activities, but the final word belongs to the General Assembly of the Parliament. Every citizen can apply or file a complaint with the Petition Commission.