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  England
Regions
 East Midlands   
 East of England   
 North East   
 North West   
 South East   
 South West   
 West Midlands   
 Yorkshire & The Humber   
Capital
  London  Sadiq Khan 1 16 +11.10%
Referenda
  EU Membership  Leave 0 16 +6.75%


Neighbors
Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France  
Scotland, United Kingdom  
Wales, United Kingdom  

Home Nation DETAILS
Parents > United Kingdom  
Website [Link]
Established 00, 0927
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorJake
Last ModifiedRP February 07, 2012 01:24pm
Description England
Part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

England is one of several countries of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It sits south of Scotland and east of Wales. England is comprised of 50 boroughs (3 of which are classified as Royal Boroughs) and 36 counties. The capital city of London is further divided into 29 boroughs. There are 24 cities, 12 of which have boroughs of their own. Also, there are 10 administrative districts. Apart from the separate administrative divisions, England is also governed by the Home Office under the jursidiction of the Home Secretary, a member of the British Cabinet under the leadership of the Prime Minister.

The first-known inhabitants of England were small bands of hunters, but Stone Age immigrants arrived around 4000 BC. They were followed by the Bronze Age Celts from Central Europe who began arriving in 800 BC, bringing the Gaelic and Brythonic languages. The Romans invaded in AD43 and quickly took most of England. The Scottish and Welsh tribes were more of a problem, resulting in the building of Hadrian's Wall across northern England. The Romans lost interest around AD410 as their empire declined. Tribes of heathen Angles, Jutes and Saxons began to move into the vacuum, absorbing the Celts, and local fiefdoms developed. By the 7th century, these fiefdoms had grown into a series of Anglo-Saxon kingdoms which had come to collectively think of themselves as English. By the mid-9th century, Vikings had invaded northern Scotland, Cumbria and Lancashire and the Danes were making inroads into eastern England.

William of Normandy, later the Conquerer, arrived on the south coast in 1066 with a force of 12,000 men. After victory at the Battle of Hastings, he replaced English aristocrats with French-speaking Normans. The Normans built impressive castles, imposed a feudal system, administered a census and, once again, began to assimilate with the Saxons. The next centuries saw a series of royal tiffs, political intrigues, plague, unrest and revolt. Cromwell's parliamentary rebellion and later the reign of Henry VIII ushered in growth and development that would become modern England.

Monarchy of England [Link]

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INFORMATION LINKS
Government Office for the East Midlands  Discuss
Government Office for the East of England  Discuss
Government Office for the North East  Discuss
Government Office for the North West  Discuss
Government Office for the South West  Discuss
Government Office for the West Midlands  Discuss
Government Office for Yorkshire and the Humber  Discuss
Government Office of the South East  Discuss
Home Office  Discuss

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NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Apr 19, 2019 12:00pm Study Half of England Is Owned by Less Than 1% of Its Population, Researcher Says  Article IndyGeorgia 
Jun 28, 2012 11:10am News Tory MP Raymond Mawby sold information to Czech spies  Article New Jerusalem 
Feb 26, 2010 02:00pm News 'Brighton Tea Party': Tea Party Movement Spreads To Britain  Article Homegrown Democrat 
Dec 19, 2007 04:00pm News Magna Carta original sells for $21.3 million  Article Chronicler 
Dec 07, 2007 07:05am Advertisement Early copy of Magna Carta on sale in NYC  Article Chronicler 
Jun 06, 2007 12:00am News Mohammed to be Britain's top boys' name  Article Penguin 
Mar 10, 2006 12:00pm News Creationism to be debated in GCSE Science lessons  Article New Jerusalem 
Aug 20, 2005 12:40am Advertisement Obituary: Mo Mowlam, former Northern Ireland secretary dies  Article Kirk 
Jul 24, 2005 10:50pm General UK police say more innocents could die in bomb hunt  Article Penguin 

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