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  Transportation Command

Leadership DETAILS
Parents > United States > Unified Command and the Joint Chiefs of Staff  
Established 00, 1987
Disbanded Still Active
ContributorGerald Farinas
Last ModifiedGerald Farinas April 30, 2004 02:10pm
DescriptionUnited States Transportation Command

The United States Transportation Command, headquartered at Scott AFB, Ill., was established in 1987 and is one of nine U.S. unified commands. As the single manager of America's global defense transportation system, USTRANSCOM is tasked with the coordination of people and transportation assets to allow our country to project and sustain forces, whenever, wherever, and for as long as they are needed. Responding to the needs of the Department of Defense's warfighting commanders is USTRANSCOM's No. 1 priority. Composed of three component commands: The Air Force's Air Mobility Command, the Navy's Military Sealift Command and the Army's Military Traffic Management Command, USTRANSCOM skillfully coordinates missions worldwide using both military and commercial transportation resources. Air Mobility Command, the air component of USTRANSCOM, is also headquartered at Scott AFB. The AMC fleet can provide refueling capability and deliver people and cargo anywhere around the globe in a matter of hours. Aircraft assets of the command include: C-17 Globemaster III, C-5 Galaxy, C-141 Starlifter, KC-135 Stratotanker, KC-10 Extender, and C-9 Nightingale. Additional long-range airlift aircraft are available during national emergencies through the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, a fleet of commercial aircraft committed to support the transportation of military forces and material in times of crisis. Military Sealift Command, USTRANSCOM's sealift component, provides efficient sea transportation worldwide for DoD in peace and war. Headquartered in Washington, D.C., MSC uses a mixture of government-owned and commercial ships for three primary functions: Surge sealift, principally used to move unit equipment from the United States to theaters of operations all over the world; prepositioned sealift, comes under USTRANSCOM's command once the ships have been released into the common-user fleet; and sustainment sealift, the life line to keep deployed forces continuously supplied. MSC assets include: Fast sealift and Ready Reserve Force ships. In addition, MSC charters and books space on commercial ships. Surface Deployment and Distribution Command, headquartered in Alexandria, Va., with its Operations Center at Fort Eustis, Va., is the overland lift component and primary surface distribution manager for USTRANSCOM. SDDC's mission is to provide global surface deployment command and control and distribution operations to meet National Security Objectives in peace and war. SDDC has a presence in 24 water ports worldwide. In an average year, SDDC manages and directs the movement of 3.7 million measurement tons of ocean cargo, 500,000 personal property moves, 600,000 domestic freight shipments, 72,000 privately owned vehicles and 518,000 passengers. SDDC assets include 10,000 containers and 1,350 rail cars. Because USTRANSCOM must respond quickly in support of U.S. objectives worldwide, the command must focus its attention across the full spectrum of support from humanitarian operations to contingencies. During 1995, USTRANSCOM supported 76 humanitarian missions and 94 Joint Chiefs of Staff exercises, visiting approximately 80 percent of the 192 countries. 1995 was our busiest year yet and the operations tempo does not appear to be slowing. USTRANSCOM's sea, air and land assets continue to support major operations, such as Joint Endeavor in the former Yugoslavia, Provide Comfort in Turkey and Southern Watch in Iraq.

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