Home About Chat Users Issues Party Candidates Polling Firms Media News Polls Calendar Key Races United States President Senate House Governors International

New User Account
"A historical political resource." 
Email: Password:

  U.S. Senate
Name Democratic Party Control
Votes50 (50.00%)
Margin0 (+0.00%)
Term01/20/2021 - 01/03/2023
  President Pro Tempore  Patrick J. Leahy 3 21 +0.00%
  Majority Leader  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer 1 21 +100.00%
  Assistant Majority Leader  Dick Durbin 5 21 +100.00%
  Minority Leader  Mitch McConnell 5 21 +100.00%
  Assistant Minority Leader  John Thune 0 21 +100.00%
Caucus Leadership
  Democratic Conference Vice Chairman  Mark Warner 2 20 +0.00%
  Elizabeth Warren 0 20 +50.00%
  Democratic Conference Secretary  Tammy Baldwin 2 20 +100.00%
  Democratic Policy Committee Chairman  Debbie Stabenow 1 20 +100.00%
  Republican Conference Chair  John Barrasso 4 20 +100.00%
  Republican Policy Committee Chairman  Roy Blunt 1 20 +100.00%
  Republican Conference Vice Chairman  Joni Ernst 1 20 +100.00%
Political Organizations
  Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC)  Gary Peters 1 21 +100.00%
  National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC)  Rick Scott 1 20 +100.00%
Subordinate Organizations
 U.S. Senate Committees   
  Secretary of the Senate  Julie E. Adams 0 15 A +100.00%
  Sergeant at Arms  Karen Gibson 0 21 A +100.00%

Institutions DETAILS
Parents > United States  
Established April 06, 1789
Disbanded Still Active
Last ModifiedAJ March 01, 2013 04:37pm
Description Background
The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the
other being the House of Representatives. In the Senate, each state is equally represented
by two members; as a result, the total membership of the body is currently 100. Senators
serve for six-year terms that are staggered so elections are held for approximately one-third
of the seats (a "class") every second year.

The Vice President of the U.S. is the President of the Senate and serves as its presiding
officer, but is not a Senator and does not vote except to break ties. The Vice President rarely
acts as President of the Senate unless casting a tie-breaking vote or during ceremonial
occasions, so the duty of presiding usually falls to the President Pro Tempore, customarily
the most senior senator of the majority party. Most often, the President Pro Tempore will
designate a member from his or her party to serve as presiding officer for the day.

Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution sets forth three qualifications for senators: each senator
must be at least 30 years old, must have been a citizen of the United States for at least the
past nine years, and must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state he or she
seeks to represent.

Each party elects a senator to serve as floor leader, a position which entails acting as the
party's chief spokesperson. The Senate Majority Leader is, furthermore, responsible for
controlling the agenda of the Senate; for example, he schedules debates and votes. Each
party also elects a whip to assist the leader. A whip works to ensure that his party's senators
vote as the party leadership desires.

The Senate is also served by several officials who are not members. The Senate's chief
administrative officer is the Secretary of the Senate, who maintains public records, disburses
salaries, monitors the acquisition of office supplies, and oversees clerks. The Secretary is
aided in his work by the Assistant Secretary of the Senate. Another official is the Sergeant-at-
Arms, who, as the Senate's chief law enforcement officer, maintains order and security on
the Senate premises.

Current Ranking of Senate Leadership
1st - Majority Leader
2nd - Assistant Majority Leader
3rd - Democratic Conference Vice Chair
4th - Democratic Conference Secretary
5th - DSCC Chairman
6th - Democratic Policy Committee Chairman

1st - Minority Leader
2nd - Assistant Minority Leader
3rd - Republican Conference Chair
4th - Republican Policy Committee Chairman
5th - Republican Conference Vice Chair


Click For More History Details

Polls Close Description Takes Office

Senate Chamber Map, 111th Congress, 2nd Session  Discuss
Seniority in the United States Senate  Discuss
Standing Rules of the United States Senate  Discuss



Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Title Purchase Contributor
Advise and Consent  Purchase Scott³ 

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Nov 16, 2021 07:00pm News Why governors keep snubbing the Senate  Article WA Indy 
Sep 14, 2018 10:10am Proposed Legislation Congress passes bill to require Senate campaign filings to be made electronically  Article RP 
Sep 11, 2018 05:00pm Strategy McConnell screws Dems ahead of election with October session  Article RP 
Jul 16, 2013 08:00am News Reid signals deal on filibuster  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Jul 12, 2013 07:00am Perspective Do Women Make Better Senators Than Men?  Article Scott³ 
Jul 11, 2013 12:00pm News Reid prepares Senate to go ‘nuclear,’ end nomination filibusters  Article kal 

[View All
Previous Messages]