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  U.S. Senate
Name Democratic Party Control
Votes51 (51.00%)
Margin2 (+2.00%)
Term01/03/2023 - 01/03/2025
  President Pro Tempore  Patty Murray 1 23 +2.00%
  Majority Leader  Charles E. "Chuck" Schumer 2 22 +100.00%
  Assistant Majority Leader  Dick Durbin 6 22 +100.00%
  Minority Leader  Mitch McConnell 5 22 +57.45%
  Assistant Minority Leader  John Thune 0 22 +100.00%
Caucus Leadership
  Democratic Conference Vice Chairman  Elizabeth Warren 0 22 +0.00%
  Mark Warner 2 22 +50.00%
  Democratic Conference Secretary  Tammy Baldwin 2 22 +100.00%
  Democratic Policy Committee Chairman  Debbie Stabenow 0 22 +100.00%
  Republican Conference Chair  John Barrasso 4 22 +100.00%
  Republican Policy Committee Chairman  Joni Ernst 0 22 +100.00%
  Republican Conference Vice Chairman  Shelley Moore Capito 0 22 +100.00%
Political Organizations
  Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee (DSCC)  Gary Peters 2 23 +100.00%
  National Republican Senatorial Committee (NRSC)  Steve Daines 1 22 +100.00%
Subordinate Organizations
 U.S. Senate Committees     
  Secretary of the Senate  Sonceria Berry 0 21 A +100.00%
  Sergeant at Arms  Karen Gibson 0 21 A +100.00%

Institutions DETAILS
Parents > United States  
Established April 06, 1789
Disbanded Still Active
Last ModifiedRP April 25, 2022 04:21pm
Description Background
The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. In the Senate, each state is equally represented by two members; as a result, the total membership of the body is currently 100. Senators serve for six-year terms that are staggered so elections are held for approximately one-third of the seats (a "class") every second year.

The Vice President of the U.S. is the President of the Senate and serves as its presiding officer, but is not a Senator and does not vote except to break ties. The Vice President rarely acts as President of the Senate unless casting a tie-breaking vote or during ceremonial occasions, so the duty of presiding usually falls to the President Pro Tempore, customarily the most senior senator of the majority party. Most often, the President Pro Tempore will designate a member from his or her party to serve as presiding officer for the day.

Article I, Section 3 of the Constitution sets forth three qualifications for senators: each senator must be at least 30 years old, must have been a citizen of the United States for at least the past nine years, and must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state he or she seeks to represent.

Each party elects a senator to serve as floor leader, a position which entails acting as the party's chief spokesperson. The Senate Majority Leader is, furthermore, responsible for controlling the agenda of the Senate; for example, he schedules debates and votes. Each party also elects a whip to assist the leader. A whip works to ensure that his party's senators vote as the party leadership desires.

The Senate is also served by several officials who are not members. The Senate's chief administrative officer is the Secretary of the Senate, who maintains public records, disburses salaries, monitors the acquisition of office supplies, and oversees clerks. The Secretary is aided in his work by the Assistant Secretary of the Senate. Another official is the Sergeant-at-Arms, who, as the Senate's chief law enforcement officer, maintains order and security on the Senate premises.

Current Ranking of Senate Leadership
1st - Majority Leader
2nd - Assistant Majority Leader
3rd - Democratic Conference Vice Chair
4th - Democratic Conference Secretary
5th - DSCC Chairman
6th - Democratic Policy Committee Chairman

1st - Minority Leader
2nd - Assistant Minority Leader
3rd - Republican Conference Chair
4th - Republican Policy Committee Chairman
5th - Republican Conference Vice Chair


Click For More History Details

Polls Close Description Takes Office

Senate Chamber Map, 111th Congress, 2nd Session  Discuss
Seniority in the United States Senate  Discuss
Standing Rules of the United States Senate  Discuss




Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Title Purchase Contributor
Advise and Consent  Purchase ScottĀ³ 

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Apr 27, 2022 11:40am Opinion Amend the Constitution to bar senators from the Presidency.  Article RP 
Dec 18, 2021 09:00pm Opinion Senate membership shows how the parties have changed  Article WA Indy 
Nov 16, 2021 07:00pm News Why governors keep snubbing the Senate  Article WA Indy 
Sep 14, 2018 10:10am Proposed Legislation Congress passes bill to require Senate campaign filings to be made electronically  Article RP 
Sep 11, 2018 05:00pm Strategy McConnell screws Dems ahead of election with October session  Article RP 
Jul 16, 2013 08:00am News Reid signals deal on filibuster  Article Brandonius Maximus 

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