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  Thatcher, Margaret
<-  2004-01-01  
NameMargaret Thatcher
Previous Name10/13/1925 - 12/01/1951 Margaret Roberts
London, XX , England
Website [Link]
Born October 13, 1925
DiedApril 08, 2013 (87 years)
ContributorUser 13
Last ModifedRob Ritchie
Jan 28, 2018 12:26am
Tags Widowed -
InfoMargaret Thatcher was the longest serving Prime Minister for more than 150 years and was the first woman to serve as Prime Minister.

Thatcher always claimed that her father, who ran a chain of Groceries and who dabbled in local politics (becoming an Alderman for a few years, until the Labour majority on the town council sacked him , was a major formative influence. Thatcher was educated at the local grammar school and at Oxford where she studied chemistry. She also became president of the university Conservative association.

Mrs Thatcher later read for the Bar, before being elected in 1959 as the Conservative MP for Finchley (a suburban constituency in North London). She held junior posts before becoming shadow spokesperson for Education, and entered the Cabinet as Education Secretary in 1970. In Opposition she stood against Edward Heath for the party leadership in 1975. Her victory was considered a surprise by many.

In 1979, the Conservative Party won the General Election in part thanks to a wave of public sector strikes and Margaret Thatcher succeeded James Callaghan as Prime Minister. Thatcher's first two years in office were not easy. Due to here own economic policies, unemployment soared, but the economy in the South East boomed. She brought more of her supporters into the Cabinet, and bolstered her reputation by leading the country to war against Argentina in the Falkland Islands. Shortly after this the Conservatives won the 1983 election by a landslide, aided by a fragmented opposition.

Margaret Thatcher's government followed a radical programme of privatisation and deregulation, reform of the Trade Unions, tax cuts and the introduction of market mechanisms into health and education. The aim was to reduce the role of government and increase individual self-reliance. She also became a familiar figure internationally, striking up a famous friendship with US President Reagan and gaining the praise of Soviet leader Gorbachev.

One great difficulty during her time in office was the issue of Europe. Her long-serving Foreign Secretary, Sir Geoffrey Howe resigned in November 1990 in protest at Thatcher's attitude to Europe. His resignation speech set in train events which were to lead to Thatcher's downfall later that month.

Michael Heseltine challenged Thatcher for the leadership, and while he failed to win, he gained 152 votes - enough to make it evident that a crucial minority favoured a change. Thatcher was eventually persuaded not to go forward to the second ballot, which was won by her Chancellor of the Exchequer, John Major.
At the time of her forced resignation, she was the most unpopular Prime Minister since the introduction of Opinion Polls.
She left the House of Commons in 1992, and now sits in the Lords as Baroness Thatcher.

Margaret Thatcher's writings include two volumes of memoirs: "The Downing Street Years" (1993) and "The Path to Power" (1995).


Title Purchase Contributor
The Path to Power  Purchase Ralphie 
The Downing Street Years  Purchase Ralphie 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Apr 17, 2013 05:00pm News Amanda Thatcher emerges centre-stage at Lady Thatcher's funeral  Article particleman 
Apr 17, 2013 10:00am Commentary Margaret Thatcher's funeral was deeply political  Article New Jerusalem 
Apr 17, 2013 09:55am News Margaret Thatcher Funeral: Easington Colliery Club Holds A Party  Article New Jerusalem 
Apr 17, 2013 09:00am News Mining village celebrates Margaret Thatcher's funeral  Article New Jerusalem 
Apr 16, 2013 03:00pm News Senate at war over Thatcher resolution  Article John 
Apr 09, 2013 05:00pm News 'Ding Dong! The Witch Is Dead' could reach number one following Margaret Thatcher's death  Article Penguin 

Importance? 10.00000 Average


Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient Lady Margaret Thatcher  Discuss
  06/25/1992 UK House of Lords - Baroness Thatcher Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/20/1990 Conservative Party Leader - First Round Won 53.83% (+13.72%)
  12/05/1989 Conservative Party Leader Won 83.96% (+75.13%)
  06/11/1987 UK Prime Minister Won 57.85% (+22.62%)
  06/11/1987 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 53.92% (+22.25%)
  06/09/1983 UK Prime Minister Won 61.08% (+28.92%)
  06/09/1983 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 51.06% (+24.24%)
  05/03/1979 UK Prime Minister Won 53.39% (+11.02%)
  05/03/1979 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 52.52% (+19.78%)
  02/11/1975 UK Leader of the Opposition Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  02/11/1975 Conservative Party Leader Won 52.71% (+24.19%)
  02/04/1975 Conservative Party Leader - First Round Won 46.93% (+3.97%)
  10/10/1974 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 44.04% (+10.44%)
  02/28/1974 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 43.70% (+14.37%)
  06/18/1970 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 53.77% (+23.60%)
  03/31/1966 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 46.50% (+18.36%)
  10/15/1964 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 46.58% (+16.67%)
  10/08/1959 UK Parliament - Finchley Won 53.19% (+29.12%)
  10/25/1951 UK Parliament - Dartford Lost 40.91% (-18.18%)
  02/23/1950 UK Parliament - Dartford Lost 36.21% (-20.17%)
Conservative Party Leader - Member Vote - Sep 13, 2001 CON Iain Duncan Smith
ITA Prime Minister - May 13, 2001 FI Silvio Berlusconi
Conservative Party Leader - Nov 27, 1990 CON John Major
United Kingdom European Communities Membership Referendum - Jun 05, 1975 YES Yes