|Name||George S. Boutwell|
Groton, Massachusetts , United States
|| January 28, 1818
|Died||February 27, 1905
Dec 15, 2014 02:05am
|Info||George Boutwell was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on 28th January, 1818. He became a teacher in Shirley before being appointed postmaster of Groton. |
A member of the Democratic Party, he studied law before being elected to the Massachusetts legislature in 1842. After eight years in the legislature he was the successful candidate for governor in 1850 and 1852. He then became secretary of the State board of education (1855-1861).
Boutwell played an active role in trying to prevent the outbreak of the American Civil War. He was elected to Congress as a member of the Republican Party in 1862 and in 1865 was chosen as chairman of the House of Representatives Committee that looked into the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. Only Boutwell was allowed to look at all the relevant papers and afterwards the Democratic Party member of the committee, Andrew J. Rogers, accused him of being involved in an attempt to cover-up the role of Edwin M. Stanton in the handling of the case.
In 1867 Boutwell was one of the seven members chosen by the House of Representatives to prosecute its impeachment charges against President Andrew Johnson.
In 1869 Boutwell was appointed by President Ulysses S. Grant as his Secretary of the Treasury. He resined his post in 1873 and later that year was elected to the Senate. He served as chairman of the Committee on the Revision of the Laws of the United States. However in 1884 he declined the offer to become Secretary of the Treasury.
Boutwell wrote several books including his autobiography, Reminiscences of Sixty Years in Public Affairs (1902). George Boutwell, who was also president of the Anti-Imperialist League (1898-1905), died in Groton on 27th February, 1905.