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  Morton, Marcus
NameMarcus Morton
Taunton, Massachusetts , United States
Born December 19, 1784
DiedFebruary 06, 1864 (79 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedRBH
Jul 31, 2015 05:52pm
InfoMarcus Morton (1784-1864)

Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Acting 1825, 1840-1841, 1843-1844

Marcus Morton traced his heritage to the Pilgrims, when George Morton of the Plymouth Colony married Ann Southworth, who had come over on the Mayflower. Marcus served in Congress and as a long-time Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court. His son, also Marcus Morton, went on to be Chief Justice of Massachusetts Supreme Judicial court, and his grandson, James Madison Morton would also be an Associate Justice of the High Court, 1890-1913.

After serving in Congress (1817-1821) and the Commonwealth's Executive Council (1823-1824), Morton became Lieutenant Governor in 1824. After the death of William Eustis he served between February and May in 1825.

In 1826 Marcus Morton founded the American Temperance Society in Massachusetts to advocate total abstinence from the use of distilled spirits.

Following his brief experience as acting Governor, Morton served on the Massachusetts Superior Court between 1825 and 1840. During this time he mounted twelve unsuccessful candidacies for Governor, finally gaining election in November of 1839. He secured a majority by a margin of a single vote to defeat Edward Everett in the popular election.

The Whig party's John Davis handily defeated him in 1840, who he challenged and lost to in 1841. Morton received a plurality of votes in 1842, which threw the election into the Senate, which elected him. The next year he lost to Whig candidate, George Briggs, who achieved a plurality and victory in the Senate. After leaving the Governor's office, Mr. Briggs served as Collector of Customs in Boston from 1845-1849 and served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1858, as a member of the Free Soil party.




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Importance? 8.00000 Average


  11/13/1843 MA Governor Lost 44.72% (-3.02%)
  11/14/1842 MA Governor Won 47.88% (+1.32%)
  11/08/1841 MA Governor Lost 46.25% (-4.15%)
  01/13/1841 MA US Senate Lost 29.38% (-39.75%)
  01/12/1841 MA US Senate - Appointment Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  11/09/1840 MA Governor Lost 43.33% (-12.34%)
  11/11/1839 MA Governor Won 50.00% (+0.30%)
  11/12/1838 MA Governor Lost 44.49% (-10.48%)
  11/13/1837 MA Governor Lost 39.35% (-20.97%)
  11/14/1836 MA Governor Lost 45.91% (-7.87%)
  11/09/1835 MA Governor Lost 38.87% (-18.99%)
  11/10/1834 MA Governor Lost 24.79% (-33.26%)
  11/11/1833 MA Governor Lost 24.71% (-15.40%)
  11/12/1832 MA Governor Lost 23.66% (-29.19%)
  11/14/1831 MA Governor Lost 20.55% (-33.38%)
  04/14/1831 MA Governor Lost 25.96% (-39.23%)
  04/05/1830 MA Governor Lost 30.61% (-34.91%)
  04/06/1829 MA Governor Lost 19.50% (-52.13%)
  04/07/1828 MA Governor Lost 12.89% (-68.65%)
  02/06/1825 MA Governor - Appointment Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/06/1820 MA District 9 (Bristol) Lost 47.52% (-4.96%)
  11/02/1818 MA District 9 (Bristol) Won 54.97% (+11.12%)
  11/04/1816 MA District 9 (Bristol) Won 50.64% (+4.34%)
  11/07/1814 MA District 9 (Bristol) Lost 34.82% (-30.36%)