|Name||Frank R. Crosswaith|
New York, New York , United States
|| July 16, 1892
|Died||June 17, 1965
|Last Modifed||Juan Croniqueur|
Nov 23, 2015 01:11am
|Info||From Fredericksted, St. Croix, Danish West Indies (now the U.S. virgin Islands) Crosswaith emigrated to the United States in his late teens. After graduating from the Rand School of New York City he began a career in black labor organization. In the early 1920�s Crosswaith began his long collaboration with A. Phillip Randolph by joining the Messenger magazine in opposing Marcus Garvey. Five years later he joined and became a full-time organizer with the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters (BSCP). |
He left that organization in the 1930s, and became a general organizer for the International Ladies� Garment Workers Union. Crosswaith�s work with the American Federation of Labor (AFL) sought to organize black workers in America. The consequences of his efforts were that a number of union locals began to hire African-Americans. This included the Motion Picture Operators, Cleaners, Dryers, Pressers, Drivers Unions, and other low-wage unions. Unlike other left-leaning West Indian blacks, Crosswaith did not support the Communist Party during the Socialist split of 1919.
He remained with Randolph�s black Socialist faction and became an intense anti-Communist. In 1942, he was appointed to the New York City Housing Authority; he held this (then) part-time, unsalaried position for five years. He also was the chairman of Randolph�s Youth March for integrated schools in Washington D.C. in 1958. Frank R. Crosswaith died in Chicago on June 17, 1965.