Home About Chat Users Issues Party Candidates Polling Firms Media News Polls Calendar Key Races United States President Senate House Governors International

"A historical political resource." 
Email: Password:

  Hanover (George III), George William Frederick of
NameGeorge William Frederick of Hanover (George III)
, , United Kingdom
Born June 04, 1738
DiedJanuary 29, 1820 (81 years)
Last ModifedJake
Nov 29, 2004 04:14pm
Tags German -
InfoKing George III is famous - or infamous - for two things, losing the American Colonies in the American War of Independence (1775-1783) and going mad.

His reign saw the revival of the two-party political system after half-century of Whig dominance, the expansion and subsequent loss of most of Britain's colonies in North America, protracted war with France and the beginning of the most rapid phase of British industrialisation.

Whig political supremacy under the earlier Hanoverians was challenged by the king's promotion of supporters of greater royal control of government, who came to be styled Tories (the name attached to earlier opponents of the Whigs in 1680-1715). The Whigs subsequently became the party increasingly of the country's newer commercial and industrial interests, becoming in the latter stages of the reign the party of limited social and political reform.

During his early reign, George III appointed a succession of Prime Ministers, many of them favorites and not fully qualified. This bureaucratic instability led to denouncements of George by the Whig party as an autocrat in the manner of Charles I of England.

Under William Pitt the Elder Britain won the Seven Years' War (known as the French and Indian War in North America), and Britain acquired all of France's possessions on the North American mainland, including French Canada, and the Ohio Valley. However, winning the war plunged Britain deep into a debt so large that at one point, almost half of the national revenue went toward paying interest on it. The problem of resolving this debt would indirectly lead to the American Revolution, conducted under Prime Minister Lord North.

Partly as a consequence of this, the Government claimed Australia as the new place of penal servitude of convicts, a purpose America had served up to that time. The eastern two-thirds of Australia had been claimed by Captain James Cook as a British possession in 1770. The first settlement was set up in Sydney in 1788.

The subsequent premiership of William Pitt, the Younger (1783-1801 and 1804-06) started the restoration of Britain's fortunes and the successful prosecution (largely through subsidies to European allies) of war with revolutionary and Napoleonic France (1793-1802 and 1803-1814) and the final defeat of Napoleon I in 1815.

Founded largely on technical advances in cotton manufacture from the 1760s onwards, Britain's industrialisation took off with the revival of trade in the 1780s, transforming the country within half a century from a predominantly rural society still earning its principal income from agriculture into the "workshop of the world" through its reliance on steam power and factory production.


Title Purchase Contributor

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jul 22, 2005 10:00am General Arsenic may have caused King George III's madness  Article Thomas Walker 

Importance? 10.00000 Average

Wife Sophia Charlotte of Hanover (Queen Charlotte) Sep 08, 1761-Nov 17, 1818
Son George Augustus Frederick of Hanover (George IV) 1762-1830
Granddaughter Charlotte Augusta Hanover 1796-1817
Son Frederick Augustus Hanover 1763-1827
Son William Henry Frederick of Hanover (William IV) 1765-1837
Son Edward Augustus of Hanover 1767-1820
Granddaughter Alexandrina Victoria Wettin of Hanover (Victoria) 1819-1901
Son Ernest Augustus of Hanover 1771-1851
Grandson George Frederick Alexander Charles Ernest Augustus Hanover (George V) 1819-1878
Son Adolphus Frederick Hanover 1774-1850
Grandson Mary Adelaide Wilhelmina Elizabeth Wurttemberg 1833-1897
Father Frederick Louis of Hanover 1707-1751
Grandfather George Augustus of Hanover (George II) 1683-1760
Great-Grandfather George Ludwig von Guelph-d'Este of Hanover (George I) 1660-1727
Grand Aunt Sophia Dorothea Hanover 1687-1757
1st Cousin Once Removed Frederick Hohenzollern (Frederick II) 1712-1786
1st Cousin Once Removed Philippine Charlotte Hohenzollern 1716-1801
2nd Cousin Charles William Ferdinand Brunswick-Bevern 1735-1806
1st Cousin Once Removed Louisa Ulrika Holstein-Gottorp 1720-1782
2nd Cousin Gustav Holstein-Gottorp (Gustav III) 1746-1792
2nd Cousin Charles Holstein-Gottorp (Charles XIII) 1748-1818
1st Cousin Once Removed Augustus William Hohenzollern 1722-1758
2nd Cousin Frederick William Hohenzollern (Frederick William II) 1744-1797
2nd Cousin Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina Orange-Nassau 1751-1820
Great-Grandmother Sophia Dorothea Hanover 1666-1726
Aunt Anne of Hanover 1709-1759
1st Cousin William Orange-Nassau (Prince William V) 1748-1806
1st Cousin Willem Frederik Prins Orange-Nassau (William I) 1772-1843
Aunt Louise Oldenburg 1724-1751
1st Cousin Sofia Magdalena Holstein-Gottorp 1746-1813
1st Cousin Christian Oldenburg (Christian VII) 1749-1808
1st Cousin Louise Hesse 1750-1831
Grandmother Caroline of Hanover (Queen Caroline) 1683-1737
Sister Augusta Frederica Hanover 1737-1813
Niece Caroline Amelia Elizabeth Hanover (Queen Caroline) 1768-1821
Brother Edward Augustus of Hanover 1739-1767
Sister Caroline Matilda Oldenburg 1751-1775
Nephew Frederick Oldenburg (Frederick VI) 1768-1839
Niece Louise Auguste Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenberg 1771-1843

  10/12/1814 King of Hanover Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  10/25/1760 King Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/31/1751 Heir Apparent Won 100.00% (+100.00%)