|Name||Léopold Sédar Senghor|
, , Senegal
|| October 09, 1906
|Died||December 20, 2001
Mar 08, 2013 04:08pm
African - Married - Catholic - Christian -
|Info||L�opold S�dar Senghor was an African poet and political leader, who served as the first president of Senegal (1960 - 1980). |
His poetry was widely acclaimed, and he was the first African to be asked to join the Acad�mie fran�aise in 1983. He wrote the lyrics of the national anthem of Senegal: Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons.
With Aim� C�saire, Frantz Fanon and L�on Damas, Senghor created the concept of N�gritude, an important philosophical movement that sought to distance African culture from European influences.
Senghor's tenure as president was characterized by the development of African socialism, which was created as an indigenous alternative to Marxism. On December 31, 1980, he retired in favor of his prime minister, Abdou Diouf.
The airport of Dakar, Dakar-Yoff-Leopold Sedal Senghor International Airport, is named after him.