|Name||Charles Warren Fairbanks|
Indianapolis, Indiana , United States
|| May 11, 1852
|Died||June 04, 1918
Jul 12, 2015 02:01am
|Info||Charles Warren Fairbanks (1852�1918), the son of Lorsiton M. and Mary A. (Smith) Fairbanks, was born in a log cabin near Unionville Center, Ohio. He graduated from Ohio Wesleyan University in 1872, and three years later received a master's degree from the same institution. Through the influence of his uncle William Henry Smith he obtained a position with the Associated Press, serving in its Pittsburgh and Cleveland offices from 1872 to 1874. At the same time he managed to study law and to be admitted to the bar in 1874. In the same year he married Cornelia Cole (1852�1913), a college classmate, and moved to Indianapolis. They had five children: Adelaide (1875 or 1876�1961), Warren Charles (1878�1938), Frederick C. (1881�1940), Richard M. (1883�1944) and Robert C. (ca. 1887�1951). |
For the next twenty years, Fairbanks specialized in railroad law, practicing in Ohio, Illinois, and Indiana. He was paid well for his work, and amassed a considerable fortune, which permitted him to give up practice when he decided to enter politics.
Fairbanks' first venture into politics was as a leader of Walter Q. Gresham's campaign for the Republican presidential nomination in 1888. When this effort failed, Fairbanks supported the successful nominee, Benjamin Harrison. In 1893, Fairbanks was the Republican candidate for U.S. senator, but was defeated. He was an early advocate of women's suffrage. He became a good friend of William McKinley, and at his suggestion was keynote speaker at the Republican convention in 1896. From that time on, Fairbanks had considerable influence in the Indiana Republican Party.
In 1897, Fairbanks was elected to the U.S. Senate. He served on several committees, and, as a close friend of President McKinley, he often served as the president's spokesman in the Senate. Fairbanks was also a member of a joint commission that negotiated outstanding disputes with Great Britain.
He was elected to a second term in 1903, but resigned the next year when he began a four-year term as vice president under Theodore Roosevelt. Fairbanks was mentioned as a possible presidential candidate in 1908, but lost out to William Howard Taft. Upon leaving public office, Fairbanks took a world tour in 1909 and 1910. He was an influential Methodist layman, and served as board chairman of Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis. He took an active interest in conservation and forestry, and was president of the Indiana State Forestry Association.