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  Morrow, Jeremiah
NameJeremiah Morrow
Lebanon, Ohio , United States
Born October 06, 1771
DiedMarch 22, 1852 (80 years)
Last ModifedRBH
Sep 21, 2015 10:14pm
InfoJeremiah Morrow was born in Adams County, Pennsylvania, on October 6, 1771. The oldest of nine children of a Scotch-Irish family, he grew up on a farm only a few miles from Gettysburg. Morrow moved to the Northwest Territory in 1795, settling first in the small community of Columbia. In 1799, he moved with his bride, cousin Mary Parkhill, to a log home in Warren County.

Morrow became a well-respected member of his community, and his neighbors elected him to the territorial legislature in 1801. This was a crucial point in time, as Ohio was preparing for statehood. Morrow quickly allied himself with Thomas Worthington and his supporters, who opposed Governor Arthur St. Clair's plans to delay Ohio's statehood. He served as a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1802 and became a member of the Democratic-Republican Party.

After Ohio became a state, he was immediately elected to the Ohio Senate.

U.S. Representative (DR-OH) 1803-1813; was the first U.S. Rep. from Ohio.

U.S. Senator (DR-OH) 1813-1819. While in Congress, Morrow gained a reputation for his knowledge about public land policies, helping to reduce both the cost and required acreage for public land sales. Unlike Senator Thomas Worthington, Morrow voted in favor of the United States entering the War of 1812.

Chairman of the second session of the DRP National Caucus of 1816.

Presidential Elector (DR-OH) 1820

Once back in Ohio, Morrow quickly returned to political life, serving on the Ohio Board of Canal Commissioners with Benjamin Tappan, Alfred Kelley, Thomas Worthington, Ethan Allen Brown, Isaac Minor, and Ebenezer Buckingham, Jr. This group studied the possibility of linking the Ohio River with Lake Erie through the construction of a series of canals. As a result of their work, in the Ohio and Erie Canal was built in 1825.

Governor (DR-OH) 1823-1827. Was elected in 1822, defeating Allen Trimble and William W. Irwin; re-elected in 1824. During Morrow's two terms as governor, the state of Ohio faced significant economic growth, finally emerging entirely from the Banking Crisis of 1819 and its aftermath and dramatically increasing the transportation infrastructure. In addition to canals, the National Road extended into Ohio during this era, greatly improving Ohio's connections with the East. The state legislature also passed a law providing state support for public education during his tenure as governor.

After leaving the governorship, Morrow again entered state politics in 1827, serving first in the state senate for one term and then in Ohio's House of Representatives in 1829-1830 and 1835-1836. He also returned to Washington, D.C., as a representative in December 1840, completing Thomas Corwin's term and then running for one final time in 1841. Morrow then refused to run again for reelection in 1843 because he felt that a new generation of leadership was emerging within the country. During the 1830s, Morrow became one of the founding members of the Whig Party in Ohio.

Outside of state and national politics, Morrow was the first president of the Little Miami Railroad from 1837 to 1845. He spent his final years at his home near Lebanon, Ohio, running a saw and gristmill and participating in local politics as a township trustee, school director, and superintendent of roads. He died at his home on March 22, 1852, at the age of eighty.


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