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  Gravel, Mike
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  2019-01-01  
 
NameMike Gravel
Address
Anchorage, Alaska , United States
EmailNone
Website [Link]
Born May 13, 1930 (88 years)
ContributorRP
Last ModifedE Pluribus Unum
Mar 20, 2019 10:18am
Tags Caucasian - French - Libertarian - Very Liberal - Anti-Affirmative Action - Anti-Civil Unions - Anti-Death Penalty - Government Reform - Health Care Reform - Pro Embryonic Stem Cell Research - Pro Environment - Pro Marijuana Legalization - Pro School Vouchers - Pro-Choice - Pro-Gay Marriage - Pro-Gun control - Pro-Term Limits - Protectionist - Divorced - Married - U.S. Army - Unitarian - Straight -
InfoMaurice Robert "Mike" Gravel

Mike Gravel was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, to French Canadian immigrants. He attended French-speaking Catholic schools and as a teenager, when he wasn’t working with his father and brothers in the house painting and construction business, volunteered in local Springfield politics, developing an avid interest in government

Senator Gravel enlisted in the U.S. Army (1951-54) and served as special adjutant in the Communication Intelligence Services and as a Special Agent in the Counter Intelligence Corps. He received a B.S. in Economics from Columbia University, New York City, and holds four honorary degrees in law and public affairs.

Mike Gravel served in the Alaska House of Representatives from 1963-66, and as Speaker from 1965-66.

The Senator represented Alaska in the U.S. Senate from 1969-81. He served on the Finance, Interior, and Environmental and Public Works committees, chairing the Energy, Water Resources, Buildings and Grounds, and Environmental Pollution subcommittees.

Books authored by Senator Gravel are Jobs and More Jobs, and Citizen Power. He used his position as a senator to release the Pentagon Papers and facilitated their publication as The Senator Gravel Edition, The Pentagon Papers, Beacon Press (1971). This publication occasioned litigation, Gravel v. U.S., resulting in a landmark Supreme Court decision (No. 71-1017-1026) relative to the Speech and Debate Clause (Article 1, Section 6) of the United States Constitution. The Senator also waged a successful lone filibuster for five months effectively ending the draft in the United States.

The Senator’s business activities have encompassed real estate, finance, and energy. In addition to his professional experience, he has worked as a cab driver in New York City, a clerk on Wall Street and as a brakeman on the Alaska Railroad. He founded and served as president of The Democracy Foundation, Philadelphia II, and Direct Democracy, nonprofit corporations dedicated to the establishment of direct democracy in the United States through the enactment of the National Initiative for Democracy by American voters.

Senator Gravel lectures and writes about governance, foreign affairs, economics, Social Security, tax reform, energy, environmental issues and democracy.

Senator Gravel is married to Whitney Stewart Gravel and has two grown children: Martin Gravel living in Colorado and Lynne Gravel Mosier, living in California. The Gravels have four grandchildren: Renee, Alex, Madison and Mackenzie.

[Link]

JOB APPROVAL POLLS

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
The pentagon papers: The defense department history of United States decisionmaking on Vietnam  Purchase Thomas Walker 
The Kingmakers: How the Media Threatens Our Security and Our Democracy  Purchase Craverguy 
Senator Mike Gravel at the 1972 Democratic national Convention: A case study of the speech in which he seconded his own nomination for vice-president of the United States  Purchase Thomas Walker 
Citizen Power: A People's Platform  Purchase Thomas Walker 
Citizen Power: A Mandate for Change  Purchase Craverguy 
A Political Odyssey: The Rise of American Militarism and One Man's Fight to Stop It  Purchase Craverguy 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Aug 05, 2008 11:00am News Former Presidential Candidate (Gravel) Urges Crowd to Stalk Federal Prosecutor  Article Thomas Walker 
May 05, 2008 03:00am Opinion Racist Dems and the Libertarian Alternative  Article Jason 
Mar 26, 2008 01:00pm Announcement A Personal Message from Mike Gravel  Article ev 
Mar 19, 2008 10:00am General Gravel the libertarian. Gravel the Libertarian?  Article Thomas Walker 
Feb 27, 2008 12:00pm News Mike (Gravel) Sues to Stop Pro-Clinton 527 Group  Article Bob 
Jan 29, 2008 09:00pm Statement Creationism Corrupts Our Youth, Says Democratic Presidential Candidate Gravel  Article Thomas Walker 

TWITTER
 
DISCUSSION
Importance? 6.64290 Average

FAMILY
Wife Whitney Stewart Gravel May 06, 1984-

INFORMATION LINKS
Gravel v. United States  Discuss
Senator Mike Gravel's Friendster Page  Discuss
The Democracy Foundation  Discuss
The National Initiative for Democracy  Discuss
The Pentagon Papers (Gravel Edition)  Discuss
RACES
  03/03/2020 VA US President - D Primary ???
  02/09/2020 US President - D Primaries ???
  06/03/2008 US President - D Primaries Lost 0.11% (-47.84%)
  06/03/2008 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.00% (-46.49%)
  05/25/2008 US President - LBT Convention Lost 7.78% (-24.55%)
  05/13/2008 NE US President - D Primary Lost 4.11% (-45.26%)
  02/19/2008 WA US President - D Primary Lost 0.15% (-51.06%)
  01/08/2008 NH US Vice President - R Primary Lost 0.01% (-62.42%)
  01/08/2008 NH US Vice President - D Primary Lost 0.08% (-46.84%)
  08/26/1980 AK US Senate - Open Primary Lost 31.50% (-8.21%)
  11/05/1974 AK US Senate Won 58.28% (+16.56%)
  08/27/1974 AK US Senate - Open Primary Won 27.83% (+2.16%)
  07/13/1972 US Vice President - D Convention Lost 7.66% (-51.41%)
  11/05/1968 AK US Senate Won 45.13% (+7.71%)
  08/27/1968 AK US Senate - Open Primary Won 33.64% (+3.66%)
  08/23/1966 AK At-Large - Open Primary Lost 31.33% (-3.33%)
  01/25/1965 AK Speaker of the House Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/03/1964 AK State House 08 Won 4.26% (+0.04%)
  11/06/1962 AK State House 08 Won 3.81% (-0.77%)
ENDORSEMENTS
FL Governor - Nov 06, 2018 REF Darcy G. Richardson
WV US Senate - Special Election - Nov 02, 2010 MNT Jesse C. Johnson
AK Lt. Governor - ADL Primary - Aug 24, 2010 D Diane E. Benson
IL - District 05 - Special Election - Apr 07, 2009 G Matt Reichel
MI - District 10 - Nov 04, 2008 LBT Neil Kiernan Stephenson
PA - District 16 - Nov 04, 2008 I John A. Murphy
WV Governor - Nov 04, 2008 MNT Jesse C. Johnson
US President - G Convention - Jul 12, 2008 MNT Jesse C. Johnson
US Vice President - LBT Selection - May 25, 2008 LBT Steve W. Kubby
US President - D Primaries - Jul 01, 2000 D Al Gore
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Dec 17, 1975 R John Paul Stevens
US Secretary of the Interior - Jun 11, 1975 R Stanley K. Hathaway
US Vice President - Appointment - Dec 19, 1974 R Nelson A. Rockefeller
CIA Director - Sep 04, 1973 NPA Reject
U.S. Attorney General - May 25, 1973 NPA Reject
US President - D Primaries - Jun 06, 1972 D Edmund S. Muskie
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Dec 15, 1971 NPA Reject
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Dec 09, 1971 D Lewis Franklin Powell, Jr.
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - May 17, 1970 R Harry Blackmun
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Apr 08, 1970 NPA Reject
Supreme Court - Associate Justice - Nov 21, 1969 R Clement Furman Haynsworth, Jr.
FEC COMMITTEES
C00699637 $ 0.00