Home About Chat Users Issues Party Candidates Polling Firms Media News Polls Calendar Key Races United States President Senate House Governors International

New User Account
"A historical political resource." 
Email: Password:

  Van Buren, Martin
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  1848-01-01  
 
NameMartin Van Buren
Address
Kinderhook, New York , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born December 05, 1782
DiedJuly 24, 1862 (79 years)
ContributorRalphie
Last ModifedRBH
Jun 27, 2015 04:06pm
Tags Dutch - Christian - Protestant -
Info8th President of the United States (1837-41)
b. Kinderhook, Columbia co., N.Y.

Early Career

He was reared on his father's farm, was educated at local schools, and after reading law was admitted (1803) to the bar. He practiced law successfully and soon became active in politics. After he was (1808�13) surrogate of Columbia co., he served (1813�20) in the state senate and became prominent in the state Democratic party. While still a senator Van Buren was made state attorney general in 1815, but because of his mounting rivalry with De Witt Clinton, the governor of New York, he was removed from this post in 1819. Meanwhile he had helped to secure the election (1816) of Daniel D. Tompkins as Vice President.

Van Buren served (1821�28) in the U.S. Senate, where he firmly backed the tariffs of 1824 and 1828. His record there was inconsistent as to states' rights, slavery, and internal improvements; this wavering was later brought up against him by his political enemies. Van Buren was far more important as a political leader than as a legislator. He organized the closely knit political group known as the Albany Regency and was a leading supporter of William H. Crawford, who ran for President in 1824. After the election of John Quincy Adams, Van Buren gradually swung his power to the support of Andrew Jackson.

A Jacksonian Democrat

Elected (1828) governor of New York state, Van Buren resigned in 1829, after Jackson had become President, to become his Secretary of State. Probably the most influential of Jackson's advisers, Van Buren, although essentially opposed to the doctrine of nullification, did not at first take a conspicuous part in the rising hostilities between Vice President John C. Calhoun and the President. Van Buren further strengthened his position with Jackson by being courteous to Peggy Eaton (see O'Neill, Margaret). His resignation (1831) as Secretary of State brought about that of the other cabinet officers and enabled Jackson to eliminate the supporters of Calhoun from the cabinet. Jackson immediately appointed Van Buren minister to Great Britain, but the deciding vote of Calhoun in the Senate prevented him from being confirmed in the post.

Thoroughly in accord with Jackson's policies, Van Buren was nominated for Vice President by the Democratic party in 1832 and was elected to office along with President Jackson. It was largely through Jackson's influence that Van Buren was chosen as Democratic candidate for President in 1836. The Whig party was still in the formative stage, and there was no well-organized opposition; Van Buren, therefore, was easily swept into office.

Presidency

As President, Van Buren announced his intention of following Jackson's policies, but the Panic of 1837 and the hard times that followed brought Van Buren a great deal of unpopularity. To meet the economic crisis, Van Buren, wary of the existing banking system, backed after 1837 the Independent Treasury System. Not until 1840, however, did Congress pass measures establishing it. In foreign affairs, Van Buren attempted to conciliate differences with Great Britain arising out of the Caroline Affair and the Aroostook War.

Later Years

He was again the presidential candidate of the Democratic party in 1840, but he was defeated in the "log cabin and hard cider" campaign by William Henry Harrison. The Whigs unfairly painted Van Buren as a man of great wealth who was ignorant of, and disdainful toward, the common people. In 1844, Van Buren was the leading possibility as Democratic candidate for the presidency, but he flatly opposed the annexation of Texas because he felt it would provoke war with Mexico and because he opposed the extension of slavery. Although he held a majority in the nominating convention, he was unable (largely as a result of the efforts of Robert J. Walker) to obtain the two-thirds majority necessary to win the nomination. Van Buren, bitterly disappointed, saw James K. Polk elected President.

He remained prominent in Democratic party politics, and helped lead the Barnburners in their violent struggle with the Hunkers. In 1848 he was the presidential candidate of the newly organized Free-Soil party and managed to take enough New York votes away from the Democratic candidate, Lewis Cass, to aid Zachary Taylor, the Whig party candidate, in winning the election. He voted for the Democratic candidate in the elections of 1852, 1856, and 1860, but supported Abraham Lincoln during the secession crisis. An Inquiry into the Origin and Course of Political Parties of the United States (1867) was written by Van Buren, edited by one of his sons, and published posthumously.

Yahoo! Reference

JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 23.00% ( 0.0) 19.00% ( 0.0) 58.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
Inquiry into the Origin and Course of Political Parties in the United States  Purchase Jake 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Oct 10, 1999 11:00am Minority Perspective Martin Van Buren: The Greatest American President  Article J.R. 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 9.28570 Average

FAMILY
Wife Hannah Hoes Van Buren 00, 1807-Feb 05, 1819
Son Abraham Van Buren 1807-1873
Son John Van Buren 1810-1866
Son Martin "Mat" Van Buren, Jr. 1812-1855
Son Smith Thompson Van Buren 1817-1876
Mother Maria Hoes Van Alen Van Buren 1747-1819
Brother James I. Van Alen 1776-1870

INFORMATION LINKS
Martin Van Buren - First Annual Message to Congress (December 5, 1837)  Discuss
Martin Van Buren - Fourth Annual Message to Congress (December 5, 1840)  Discuss
Martin Van Buren - Proclamation (January 5, 1838)  Discuss
Martin Van Buren - Second Annual Message to Congress (December 3, 1838)  Discuss
Martin Van Buren - Special Message (January 2, 1841)  Discuss
Martin Van Buren - Special Session Message (September 4, 1837)  Discuss
Martin Van Buren - Third Annual Message to Congress (December 2, 1839)  Discuss
President Martin Van Buren Inaugural Address March 4, 1837  Discuss
RACES
  12/06/1848 US President Lost 0.00% (-56.21%)
  11/07/1848 US President National Vote Lost 10.12% (-37.16%)
  08/10/1848 US President - FS Convention #2 Won 52.25% (+13.06%)
  06/22/1848 US President - FS Convention #1 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  05/30/1844 US President - D Convention Lost 24.01% (-19.74%)
  12/02/1840 US President Lost 20.41% (-59.18%)
  11/19/1840 US President National Vote Lost 46.81% (-6.08%)
  11/19/1840 TN US President Lost 44.34% (-11.32%)
  11/19/1840 VT US President Lost 35.46% (-28.42%)
  11/13/1840 RI US President Lost 37.81% (-22.59%)
  11/12/1840 NC US President Lost 42.32% (-15.36%)
  11/10/1840 ME US President Lost 49.67% (-0.44%)
  11/10/1840 DE US President Lost 44.89% (-10.09%)
  11/09/1840 AL US President Won 54.38% (+8.77%)
  11/09/1840 MA US President Lost 41.28% (-16.16%)
  11/05/1840 SC US President Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/04/1840 NJ US President Lost 48.15% (-3.59%)
  11/04/1840 NY US President Lost 48.18% (-3.00%)
  11/03/1840 LA US President Lost 40.27% (-19.46%)
  11/02/1840 AR US President Won 56.42% (+12.83%)
  11/02/1840 CT US President Lost 44.40% (-11.09%)
  11/02/1840 GA US President Lost 44.22% (-11.55%)
  11/02/1840 MS US President Lost 46.57% (-6.86%)
  11/02/1840 VA US President Won 50.65% (+1.30%)
  11/02/1840 IL US President Won 50.92% (+2.00%)
  11/02/1840 MO US President Won 56.63% (+13.26%)
  11/02/1840 IN US President Lost 44.18% (-11.61%)
  11/02/1840 NH US President Won 54.66% (+10.78%)
  11/02/1840 KY US President Lost 35.80% (-28.40%)
  11/02/1840 MI US President Lost 47.57% (-4.14%)
  11/02/1840 MD US President Lost 46.17% (-7.67%)
  10/30/1840 PA US President Lost 49.90% (-0.08%)
  10/30/1840 OH US President Lost 45.57% (-8.54%)
  05/07/1840 US President - D Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  12/07/1836 US President Won 57.82% (+32.99%)
  11/23/1836 US President National Vote Won 50.83% (+14.19%)
  11/23/1836 RI US President Won 52.21% (+4.44%)
  11/17/1836 TN US President Lost 42.08% (-15.85%)
  11/17/1836 NJ US President Lost 49.47% (-1.05%)
  11/15/1836 VT US President Lost 40.00% (-19.81%)
  11/14/1836 AL US President Won 55.34% (+10.67%)
  11/14/1836 MA US President Lost 44.81% (-10.32%)
  11/10/1836 NC US President Won 53.41% (+6.81%)
  11/07/1836 CT US President Won 50.65% (+1.30%)
  11/07/1836 MD US President Lost 46.27% (-7.45%)
  11/07/1836 DE US President Lost 46.70% (-6.54%)
  11/07/1836 GA US President Lost 48.20% (-3.60%)
  11/07/1836 MS US President Won 51.28% (+2.56%)
  11/07/1836 VA US President Won 56.65% (+13.30%)
  11/07/1836 IL US President Won 54.69% (+9.38%)
  11/07/1836 MO US President Won 59.98% (+19.95%)
  11/07/1836 IN US President Lost 44.45% (-11.09%)
  11/07/1836 NH US President Won 75.01% (+50.03%)
  11/07/1836 KY US President Lost 47.41% (-5.18%)
  11/07/1836 NY US President Won 54.63% (+9.25%)
  11/07/1836 ME US President Won 58.92% (+20.71%)
  11/04/1836 PA US President Won 51.18% (+2.37%)
  11/04/1836 OH US President Lost 47.90% (-4.20%)
  11/02/1836 MI US President Won 53.99% (+7.98%)
  11/01/1836 LA US President Won 51.74% (+3.49%)
  11/00/1836 AR US President Won 64.08% (+28.16%)
  02/24/1836 VT US President - AM Convention Lost 15.43% (-44.00%)
  05/22/1835 US President - D Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/06/1832 US Vice President Won 66.08% (+48.95%)
  05/23/1832 US Vice President - D Convention Won 73.50% (+56.18%)
  01/25/1832 US Ambassador to United Kingdom Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  08/01/1831 US Ambassador to United Kingdom Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/06/1829 US Secretary of State Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/04/1828 NY Governor Won 49.46% (+10.97%)
  02/06/1827 NY US Senate Won 71.92% (+60.27%)
  05/20/1826 President Pro Tempore Lost 7.84% (-33.33%)
  11/02/1824 US Vice President Lost 3.46% (-66.54%)
  01/06/1821 NY US Senate Won 58.28% (+16.56%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - Dec 05, 1860 D Stephen A. Douglas
US Secretary of State - Mar 07, 1825 W Henry Clay
NY US President - Nov 01, 1824 DR William Harris Crawford