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  Pierce, Franklin
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  1857-01-10  
 
NameFranklin Pierce
Address301 2nd NH Turnpike
Hillsborough, New Hampshire , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born November 23, 1804
DiedOctober 08, 1869 (64 years)
ContributorJake
Last ModifedRBH
Dec 24, 2014 01:17am
Tags English - Alcoholic - Episcopalian -
Info14th President (March 4th, 1853 - March 4th, 1857)
b. Hillsboro, New Hampshire
Height: 5'10"
grad. Bowdoin College, 1824

Admitted to the bar in 1827, he entered politics as a Jacksonian Democrat, like his father, Benjamin Pierce, who was twice elected governor of New Hampshire (1827, 1829). He served in the New Hampshire general court (1829�33), being speaker in 1831 and 1832, and had an undistinguished career in the U.S. House of Representatives (1833�37) and in the U.S. Senate (1837�42). On resigning from the Senate, he achieved success as a lawyer in Concord, N.H., and continued to be important in state politics. A strong nationalist, he vigorously supported and then served in the Mexican War, becoming a brigadier general of volunteers.

In 1852 the Democratic party was split into hostile factions led by William L. Marcy, Stephen A. Douglas, James Buchanan, and Lewis Cass, none of whom could muster sufficient strength to secure the presidential nomination. Pierce, personally charming and politically unobjectionable to Southerners since he favored the Compromise of 1850, was made the "dark horse" candidate by his friends. He won the nomination (on the 49th ballot) and went on to defeat the Whig candidate, Gen. Winfield Scott, his commander in the Mexican War.

Pierce's desire to smooth over the slavery quarrel and unite all factions of the Democratic party was reflected in the composition of his cabinet, for which he chose such outstanding sectional representatives as Marcy, Jefferson Davis, and Caleb Cushing. A vigorous expansionist foreign policy was adopted, but it failed in most of its objectives. After the Black Warrior affair (1854), which brought the United States to the brink of war with Spain, Pierce authorized his European ministers, Pierre Soul�, John Y. Mason, and Buchanan, to confer on the means by which the United States might acquire Cuba. Their report, the so-called Ostend Manifesto, was leaked to the press and caused such an uproar that the administration was forced to disavow it. Troubled relations with Great Britain were not improved by the U.S. naval bombardment (1854) of San Juan del Norte, British protectorate in Nicaragua; the filibustering activities of William Walker further aggravated Central American affairs. Moves to annex Hawaii, acquire a naval base in Santo Domingo, and purchase Alaska ended fruitlessly. One achievement, the successful Japanese expedition of Commodore Matthew C. Perry, had been initiated in Millard Fillmore's administration.

On the domestic scene Pierce stood for development of the West (the Gadsden Purchase was made during his administration), but plans for a transcontinental railroad fell through. The Kansas-Nebraska Act enraged many Northerners and precipitated virtual civil war between the pro- and antislavery forces in Kansas. Pierce, by that time very unpopular, was passed over by the Democrats for renomination, and Buchanan succeeded him. Pierce's opposition to the Civil War made him more than ever disliked in the North, where he died in obscurity.

Source of 1852 image: official campaign image of Pierce, from D.W. Bartlett, The Life of Gen. Frank. Pierce, of New-Hampshire, the Democratic Candidate for President of the United States (Auburn ME: Derby & Miller, 1852.

JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 17.00% ( 0.0) 25.00% ( 0.0) 59.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Jane Means Appleton Pierce 00, 1834-Dec 02, 1863
Son Franklin Pierce (Jr.) 1836-1836
Son Frank Robert Pierce 1839-1843
Son Benjamin Pierce 1841-1853
Father Benjamin Pierce 1757-1839

INFORMATION LINKS
Franklin Pierce - First Annual Message (December 5, 1853)  Discuss
Franklin Pierce - Fourth Annual Message (December 2, 1856)  Discuss
Franklin Pierce - Proclamation (January 18, 1854)  Discuss
Franklin Pierce - Second Annual Message (December 4, 1854)  Discuss
Franklin Pierce - Third Annual Message (December 31, 1855)  Discuss
President Franklin Pierce Inaugural Address March 4, 1853  Discuss
RACES
  07/09/1868 US President - D Convention Lost 0.30% (-31.34%)
  08/31/1864 US President - D Convention Lost 0.00% (-77.33%)
  06/06/1856 US President - D Convention Lost 22.34% (-31.87%)
  12/01/1852 US President Won 85.81% (+71.62%)
  11/02/1852 NH US President Won 56.39% (+25.73%)
  11/02/1852 VA US President Won 55.71% (+11.42%)
  11/02/1852 SC US President Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/02/1852 CA US President Won 53.02% (+6.18%)
  11/02/1852 KY US President Lost 48.32% (-3.12%)
  11/02/1852 NJ US President Won 52.79% (+6.85%)
  11/02/1852 WI US President Won 51.99% (+17.64%)
  11/02/1852 CT US President Won 49.79% (+4.33%)
  11/02/1852 LA US President Won 51.94% (+3.88%)
  11/02/1852 NY US President Won 50.13% (+5.20%)
  11/02/1852 DE US President Won 49.85% (+0.20%)
  11/02/1852 ME US President Won 50.63% (+11.03%)
  11/02/1852 PA US President Won 51.19% (+5.00%)
  11/02/1852 FL US President Won 60.03% (+20.06%)
  11/02/1852 MD US President Won 53.28% (+6.58%)
  11/02/1852 RI US President Won 51.37% (+6.52%)
  11/02/1852 NC US President Won 50.43% (+0.94%)
  11/02/1852 GA US President Won 55.45% (+28.87%)
  11/02/1852 MA US President Lost 35.07% (-6.38%)
  11/02/1852 TN US President Lost 49.27% (-1.46%)
  11/02/1852 OH US President Won 47.94% (+4.71%)
  11/02/1852 IL US President Won 51.87% (+10.10%)
  11/02/1852 MI US President Won 50.45% (+9.62%)
  11/02/1852 MS US President Won 60.50% (+21.01%)
  11/02/1852 TX US President Won 73.46% (+46.98%)
  11/02/1852 IN US President Won 52.05% (+7.88%)
  11/02/1852 MO US President Won 56.42% (+12.84%)
  11/02/1852 VT US President Lost 29.75% (-20.82%)
  11/02/1852 AL US President Won 60.89% (+26.77%)
  11/02/1852 AR US President Won 62.18% (+24.36%)
  11/02/1852 IA US President Won 50.23% (+5.39%)
  11/02/1852 US President National Vote Won 50.84% (+6.98%)
  06/05/1852 US President - D Convention Won 35.83% (+19.06%)
  11/08/1836 NH US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/10/1835 NH At-Large Won 12.66% (+0.03%)
  03/12/1833 NH At-Large Won 15.14% (-0.00%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - Dec 05, 1860 D John Cabell Breckinridge