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  Lincoln, Abraham
<-  1863-11-01  
NameAbraham Lincoln
Address426 S. 7th St
Springfield, Illinois , United States
Born February 12, 1809
DiedApril 15, 1865 (56 years)
ContributorClassical Liberal
Last ModifedNJLBT
Feb 17, 2021 05:24pm
Tags Caucasian - English - Married - Assassinated - Non-Denominational Christian - Disputed -
InfoLincoln warned the South in his Inaugural Address: “In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous issue of civil war. The government will not assail you…. You have no oath registered in Heaven to destroy the government, while I shall have the most solemn one to preserve, protect and defend it.”

Lincoln thought secession illegal, and was willing to use force to defend Federal law and the Union. When Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter and forced its surrender, he called on the states for 75,000 volunteers. Four more slave states joined the Confederacy but four remained within the Union. The Civil War had begun.

The son of a Kentucky frontiersman, Lincoln had to struggle for a living and for learning. Five months before receiving his party’s nomination for President, he sketched his life:

“I was born Feb. 12, 1809, in Hardin County, Kentucky. My parents were both born in Virginia, of undistinguished families–second families, perhaps I should say. My mother, who died in my tenth year, was of a family of the name of Hanks…. My father … removed from Kentucky to … Indiana, in my eighth year…. It was a wild region, with many bears and other wild animals still in the woods. There I grew up…. Of course when I came of age I did not know much. Still somehow, I could read, write, and cipher … but that was all.”

Lincoln made extraordinary efforts to attain knowledge while working on a farm, splitting rails for fences, and keeping store at New Salem, Illinois. He was a captain in the Black Hawk War, spent eight years in the Illinois legislature, and rode the circuit of courts for many years. His law partner said of him, “His ambition was a little engine that knew no rest.”

He married Mary Todd, and they had four boys, only one of whom lived to maturity. In 1858 Lincoln ran against Stephen A. Douglas for Senator. He lost the election, but in debating with Douglas he gained a national reputation that won him the Republican nomination for President in 1860.

As President, he built the Republican Party into a strong national organization. Further, he rallied most of the northern Democrats to the Union cause. On January 1, 1863, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy.

Lincoln never let the world forget that the Civil War involved an even larger issue. This he stated most movingly in dedicating the military cemetery at Gettysburg: “that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain–that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom–and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”

Lincoln won re-election in 1864, as Union military triumphs heralded an end to the war. In his planning for peace, the President was flexible and generous, encouraging Southerners to lay down their arms and join speedily in reunion.

The spirit that guided him was clearly that of his Second Inaugural Address, now inscribed on one wall of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C.: “With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation’s wounds…. ”

On Good Friday, April 14, 1865, Lincoln was assassinated at Ford’s Theatre in Washington by John Wilkes Booth, an actor, who somehow thought he was helping the South. The opposite was the result, for with Lincoln’s death, the possibility of peace with magnanimity died.


DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 92.00% ( 0.0) 4.00% ( 0.0) 4.00% ( 0.0)

Title Purchase Contributor
Wrestling With His Angel: The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln Vol. II, 1849-1856  Purchase RP 
Lincoln's War : The Untold Story of America's Greatest President as Commander in Chief  Purchase The Oncoming Storm 
Lincoln  Purchase Homegrown Democrat 
All the Powers of Earth: The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln Vol. III, 1856-1860  Purchase RP 
Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter  Purchase Homegrown Democrat 
A Self-Made Man: The Political Life of Abraham Lincoln Vol. I, 1809–1849   Purchase RP 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
Apr 14, 1865 05:00pm Apr 15, 1865 05:00pm Assassination Abraham Lincoln Assassination  Chronicler 

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Mar 04, 2011 05:00pm Press Release Presidential Proclamation--150th Anniversary of the Inauguration of Abraham Lincoln  Article Homegrown Democrat 
Feb 07, 2009 11:00am Profile Lincoln's Faith Still A Puzzle  Article ArmyDem 
Apr 11, 2008 12:00am Blog Entry Abraham Lincoln, Hempster!  Article Jason 
Feb 12, 2008 02:30pm News GOP fetes rail splitter; state plans a bigger bash for him  Article 日本語 Karl Rove 
Jul 10, 2007 02:00pm News Claiming Abe Lincoln  Article CBlock941 
May 07, 2007 12:00pm News Book details plot to steal Abe's [Lincoln] body  Article The Sunset Provision 

Importance? 10.00000 Average

Wife Mary Ann Todd Lincoln Nov 04, 1842-Apr 15, 1865
Son Robert Todd Lincoln 1843-1926
Son Edward Baker "Eddie" Lincoln 1846-1850
Son William Wallace "Willie" Lincoln 1850-1862
Son Thomas "Tad" Lincoln 1853-1871

Abraham Lincoln - At Peoria, Illinois (October 16, 1854)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - Eulogy on Henry Clay (July 6, 1852)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - Farewell Address (February 11, 1861)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - First Annual Message (December 3, 1861)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - Fourth Annual Message (December 6, 1864)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - July 4th Message to Congress (July 4, 1861)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - Public Letter to James Conkling (August 26, 1863)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - Second Annual Message (December 1, 1862)  Discuss
Abraham Lincoln - Third Annual Message (December 8, 1863)  Discuss
Address at Cooper Institute - Abraham Lincoln  Discuss
House Divided Speech - Abraham Lincoln  Discuss
Last speech (April 11, 1865) - Abraham Lincoln  Discuss
President Abraham Lincoln Inaugural Address March 4, 1861  Discuss
President Abraham Lincoln Inaugural Address March 4, 1865  Discuss
Proclamation on the Wade-Davis Bill - Abraham Lincoln  Discuss
The Emancipation Proclamation - Abraham Lincoln  Discuss
The Gettysburg Address - Abraham Lincoln  Discuss
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