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  Greeley, Horace
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationLiberal Republican  
 
NameHorace Greeley
Address
New York, New York , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born February 03, 1811
DiedNovember 29, 1872 (61 years)
ContributorPicimpalious
Last ModifedRBH
Sep 14, 2015 06:22pm
Tags Very Liberal - Anti-Death Penalty - Pro-Labor - Prohibitionist - Protectionist - Married - Widowed - Unitarian -
InfoHorace Greeley was born in Amherst, New Hampshire, on 3rd February, 1811. He trained as a printer but he later moved to New York City where he became a journalist. Greeley worked for the New Yorker and in 1841 established the New York Tribune. A newspaper he was to edit for over thirty years.

Greeley took a strong moral tone in his newspaper and campaigned against alcohol, tobacco, gambling, prostitution and capital punishment. However, his main concern was the abolition of slavery.

In 1838 Greeley agreed to edit the Jeffersonian, a Whig newspaper in New York. A close associate of William Seward, Henry Clay and William Harrison, he edited the pro-Whig journal, Log Cabin, during the 1840 presidential election.

Greeley was very interested in socialist and feminist ideas and published articles by Karl Marx, Charles Dana, Margaret Fuller and Jane Grey Swisshelm in the New York Tribune. He also promoted the views of Albert Brisbane, who wanted society organised into co-operative communities.

After the demise of the Whigs, Greeley supported the Free Soil Party. He was one of the leaders of the campaign against the 1850 Fugitive Slave Law and in 1856 helped form the Republican Party.

In 1860 Greeley supported the presidential campaign of Abraham Lincoln. However, Greeley, like many of the strong opponents of slavery, was unhappy with the way Lincoln dealt with John C. Fremont and David Hunter when they freed slaves in territory they captured from the Confederate Army during the Civil War.

On 19th August, 1862 Greeley wrote an open letter to the president in the New York Tribune. In the letter Greeley critized Abraham Lincoln for failing to make slavery the dominant issue of the war and compromising moral principles for political motives. Lincoln famously replied on 22nd August, "My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it."

Greeley wrote several books including Glances at Europe (1851), An Overland Journey (1860), a two volume history of the Civil War, The American Conflict (1865), and an autobiography, Recollections of a Busy Life (1868).

Greeley was highly critical of the presidency of Ulysses G. Grant and became associated with the Radical Republicans. Later he helped form the Liberal Republican Party.

In 1872 he Liberal Republican Party nominated Greeley as their candidate and he stood against Ulysses G. Grant for the presidency. During the campaign Thomas Nast produced a series of cartoons attacking Greeley. He commented that the venom of these cartoons were so bad that he "scarcely knew whether he was running for the presidency or the penitentiary." Greeley, won 40% of the popular vote but died soon afterwards on 29th November, 1872. One friend claimed that he had been "crushed by the unmerciful ridicule Nast had heaped on him."

First Appeared on a United tates Postage Stamp in 1961.
Vote totals for elections in which was nominated for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900-1965): 1900-45, 1905-35, 1910-30, 1915-14, 1920-7, 1940-8, 1945-0, 1950-0, 1955-7, 1960-8, 1965-2.

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BOOKS
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EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor

DISCUSSION
Importance? 8.50000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Mary "Molly" Cheney Greeley 00, 1836-Oct 30, 1872
Son [FNU] Greeley 1838-1838
Daughter Mary Genevieve Greeley 1842-1842
Son Arthur Young Harold "Pickie" Greeley 1844-1849
Daughter Mary Inez Greeley 1847-1847
Daughter Ida Lillian Greeley Smith 1848-1882
Son Raphael Uhland Greeley 1851-1857
Daughter Gabrielle R. Greeley McClendin 1857-1937

INFORMATION LINKS
RACES
  12/04/1872 US President Lost 0.85% (-80.40%)
  11/05/1872 CA US President Lost 42.51% (-13.87%)
  11/05/1872 KS US President Lost 32.80% (-33.66%)
  11/05/1872 MS US President Lost 36.52% (-26.95%)
  11/05/1872 WV US President Lost 47.28% (-4.46%)
  11/05/1872 CT US President Lost 47.59% (-4.81%)
  11/05/1872 KY US President Won 52.32% (+5.87%)
  11/05/1872 MO US President Won 55.46% (+11.81%)
  11/05/1872 OR US President Lost 38.50% (-20.27%)
  11/05/1872 WI US President Lost 44.94% (-9.69%)
  11/05/1872 DE US President Lost 46.76% (-4.23%)
  11/05/1872 LA US President Lost 44.31% (-11.37%)
  11/05/1872 NE US President Lost 29.32% (-41.36%)
  11/05/1872 PA US President Lost 37.75% (-24.49%)
  11/05/1872 SC US President Lost 23.78% (-51.95%)
  11/05/1872 FL US President Lost 46.48% (-7.04%)
  11/05/1872 ME US President Lost 32.14% (-35.71%)
  11/05/1872 NV US President Lost 42.57% (-14.86%)
  11/05/1872 TN US President Won 52.16% (+4.32%)
  11/05/1872 IL US President Lost 43.00% (-13.27%)
  11/05/1872 MD US President Won 50.34% (+0.69%)
  11/05/1872 NH US President Lost 45.61% (-8.33%)
  11/05/1872 TX US President Won 58.49% (+17.08%)
  11/05/1872 GA US President Won 51.73% (+6.27%)
  11/05/1872 MA US President Lost 30.73% (-38.55%)
  11/05/1872 NJ US President Lost 45.48% (-9.04%)
  11/05/1872 VT US President Lost 20.85% (-58.30%)
  11/05/1872 IN US President Lost 46.78% (-6.44%)
  11/05/1872 MI US President Lost 35.50% (-27.13%)
  11/05/1872 NY US President Lost 46.77% (-6.46%)
  11/05/1872 RI US President Lost 28.06% (-43.89%)
  11/05/1872 AR US President Lost 47.83% (-4.35%)
  11/05/1872 IA US President Lost 32.90% (-27.91%)
  11/05/1872 MN US President Lost 38.46% (-22.89%)
  11/05/1872 NC US President Lost 42.46% (-14.92%)
  11/05/1872 VA US President Lost 49.49% (-0.98%)
  11/05/1872 US President National Vote Lost 43.90% (-11.82%)
  11/05/1872 AL US President Lost 46.81% (-6.38%)
  11/05/1872 OH US President Lost 46.13% (-7.09%)
  09/25/1872 US President - Liberal Colored Republican Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  07/10/1872 US President - D Convention Won 94.75% (+91.85%)
  05/23/1872 US President - National Workingmen Convention Lost 2.39% (-95.22%)
  05/03/1872 US President - LR Convention Won 38.19% (+12.52%)
  05/02/1872 US President - Reunion and Reform Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  02/22/1872 US President - Labor Reform Convention Lost 2.84% (-48.97%)
  11/08/1870 NY District 06 Lost 47.09% (-5.81%)
  11/06/1866 NY District 04 Lost 21.09% (-57.82%)
  02/02/1861 NY US Senate - R Caucus Lost 42.61% (-9.57%)
  11/07/1848 NY District 6 - Special Election Won 53.74% (+16.80%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - Dec 02, 1868 R Ulysses S. Grant
US President - Dec 05, 1860 R Abraham Lincoln
US President - R Convention - May 18, 1860 R Edward Bates