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  Hayes, Rutherford B.
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationRepublican  
<-  1886-01-01  
 
NameRutherford B. Hayes
Address
Fremont, Ohio , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born October 04, 1822
DiedJanuary 17, 1893 (70 years)
ContributorRalphie
Last ModifedNJLBT
Feb 17, 2021 07:17pm
Tags English - Married - Presbyterian - Straight -
InfoBeneficiary of the most fiercely disputed election in American history, Rutherford B. Hayes brought to the Executive Mansion dignity, honesty, and moderate reform.

To the delight of the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, Lucy Webb Hayes carried out her husband’s orders to banish wines and liquors from the White House.

Born in Ohio in 1822, Hayes was educated at Kenyon College and Harvard Law School. After five years of law practice in Lower Sandusky, he moved to Cincinnati, where he flourished as a young Whig lawyer.

He fought in the Civil War, was wounded in action, and rose to the rank of brevet major general. While he was still in the Army, Cincinnati Republicans ran him for the House of Representatives. He accepted the nomination, but would not campaign, explaining, “an officer fit for duty who at this crisis would abandon his post to electioneer… ought to be scalped.”

Elected by a heavy majority, Hayes entered Congress in December 1865, troubled by the “Rebel influences … ruling the White House.” Between 1867 and 1876 he served three terms as Governor of Ohio.

Safe liberalism, party loyalty, and a good war record made Hayes an acceptable Republican candidate in 1876. He opposed Governor Samuel J. Tilden of New York.

Although a galaxy of famous Republican speakers, and even Mark Twain, stumped for Hayes, he expected the Democrats to win. When the first returns seemed to confirm this, Hayes went to bed, believing he had lost. But in New York, Republican National Chairman Zachariah Chandler, aware of a loophole, wired leaders to stand firm: “Hayes has 185 votes and is elected.” The popular vote apparently was 4,300,000 for Tilden to 4,036,000 for Hayes. Hayes’s election depended upon contested electoral votes in Louisiana, South Carolina, and Florida. If all the disputed electoral votes went to Hayes, he would win; a single one would elect Tilden.

Months of uncertainty followed. In January 1877 Congress established an Electoral Commission to decide the dispute. The commission, made up of eight Republicans and seven Democrats, determined all the contests in favor of Hayes by eight to seven. The final electoral vote: 185 to 184.

Northern Republicans had been promising southern Democrats at least one Cabinet post, Federal patronage, subsidies for internal improvements, and withdrawal of troops from Louisiana and South Carolina.

Hayes insisted that his appointments must be made on merit, not political considerations. For his Cabinet he chose men of high caliber, but outraged many Republicans because one member was an ex-Confederate and another had bolted the party as a Liberal Republican in 1872.

Hayes pledged protection of the rights of Negroes in the South, but at the same time advocated the restoration of “wise, honest, and peaceful local self-government.” This meant the withdrawal of troops. Hayes hoped such conciliatory policies would lead to the building of a “new Republican party” in the South, to which white businessmen and conservatives would rally.

Many of the leaders of the new South did indeed favor Republican economic policies and approved of Hayes’s financial conservatism, but they faced annihilation at the polls if they were to join the party of Reconstruction. Hayes and his Republican successors were persistent in their efforts but could not win over the “solid South.”

Hayes had announced in advance that he would serve only one term, and retired to Spiegel Grove, his home in Fremont, Ohio, in 1881. He died in 1893.

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JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 38.00% ( 0.0) 19.00% ( 0.0) 43.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Mar 15, 2012 01:25pm Amusing Obama knocks Rutherford B. Hayes  Article Brandonius Maximus 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Lucy Ware Webb Hayes Dec 30, 1852-Jun 25, 1889
Son Birchard Austin Hayes 1853-1926
Son James Webb Cook Hayes 1856-1934
Son Rutherford Platt Hayes 1858-1927
Son Joseph "Jody" Thompson Hayes 1861-1863
Son George Crook Hayes 1864-1866
Daughter Fanny Hayes Smith 1867-1950
Son Scott Russell Hayes 1871-1923
Son Manning Force Hayes 1873-1874

INFORMATION LINKS
President Rutherford Hayes Inaugural Address March 5, 1877  Discuss
Rutherford Hayes - First Annual Message (December 3, 1877)  Discuss
Rutherford Hayes - Fourth Annual Message (December 6, 1880)  Discuss
Rutherford Hayes - Second Annual Message (December 2, 1878)  Discuss
Rutherford Hayes - Third Annual Message (December 1, 1879)  Discuss
RACES
  06/08/1880 US President - R Convention Lost 0.17% (-32.78%)
  12/06/1876 US President Won 50.14% (+0.27%)
  11/07/1876 DE US President Lost 44.55% (-10.89%)
  11/07/1876 LA US President Won 51.65% (+3.30%)
  11/07/1876 NE US President Won 64.79% (+29.58%)
  11/07/1876 PA US President Won 50.62% (+2.37%)
  11/07/1876 WI US President Won 50.57% (+2.38%)
  11/07/1876 FL US President Won 50.96% (+1.93%)
  11/07/1876 ME US President Won 56.64% (+14.00%)
  11/07/1876 NV US President Won 52.73% (+5.46%)
  11/07/1876 RI US President Won 59.58% (+19.15%)
  11/07/1876 GA US President Lost 28.18% (-43.65%)
  11/07/1876 MD US President Lost 43.95% (-12.09%)
  11/07/1876 NH US President Won 51.83% (+3.78%)
  11/07/1876 SC US President Won 50.24% (+0.49%)
  11/07/1876 AL US President Lost 40.02% (-19.97%)
  11/07/1876 IL US President Won 50.19% (+3.54%)
  11/07/1876 MA US President Won 57.80% (+15.90%)
  11/07/1876 NJ US President Lost 47.01% (-5.65%)
  11/07/1876 TN US President Lost 40.21% (-19.58%)
  11/07/1876 AR US President Lost 39.87% (-20.05%)
  11/07/1876 IN US President Lost 48.25% (-1.28%)
  11/07/1876 MI US President Won 52.41% (+7.93%)
  11/07/1876 NY US President Lost 48.17% (-3.22%)
  11/07/1876 TX US President Lost 29.73% (-40.52%)
  11/07/1876 CA US President Won 50.88% (+1.80%)
  11/07/1876 IA US President Won 58.39% (+20.18%)
  11/07/1876 MN US President Won 58.76% (+19.46%)
  11/07/1876 NC US President Lost 46.38% (-7.24%)
  11/07/1876 VT US President Won 68.40% (+36.98%)
  11/07/1876 CO US President Won 67.57% (+35.14%)
  11/07/1876 KS US President Won 63.10% (+32.56%)
  11/07/1876 MS US President Lost 31.92% (-36.15%)
  11/07/1876 OH US President Won 50.21% (+1.14%)
  11/07/1876 VA US President Lost 40.42% (-19.15%)
  11/07/1876 CT US President Lost 48.33% (-2.37%)
  11/07/1876 KY US President Lost 37.44% (-23.98%)
  11/07/1876 MO US President Lost 41.36% (-16.27%)
  11/07/1876 OR US President Won 50.91% (+3.51%)
  11/07/1876 WV US President Lost 42.15% (-14.60%)
  11/07/1876 US President National Vote Lost 47.95% (-3.02%)
  06/16/1876 US President - R Convention Won 32.74% (+2.81%)
  10/12/1875 OH Governor Won 50.25% (+0.94%)
  10/08/1872 OH District 02 Lost 46.35% (-7.30%)
  10/12/1869 OH Governor Won 50.74% (+1.61%)
  10/08/1867 OH Governor Won 50.31% (+0.62%)
  06/19/1867 OH Governor - R Convention Won 41.69% (+11.37%)
  10/09/1866 OH District 2 Won 56.03% (+12.07%)
  10/10/1864 OH District 2 Won 58.68% (+17.35%)
ENDORSEMENTS