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  Weaver, James B.
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationPeople's Party (Populist)  
 
NameJames B. Weaver
Address
Colfax, Iowa , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born June 12, 1833
DiedFebruary 06, 1912 (78 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedE Pluribus Unum
Jun 30, 2018 12:40am
Tags
InfoJames Baird Weaver, the son of a farmer, was born in Dayton, Ohio, on 12th June, 1833. After graduating from Cincinnati Law School and established himself as a lawyer in Bloomfield, Iowa. He became involved in the anti-slavery movement after reading Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe.

On the outbreak of the American Civil War Weaver enlisted as a private in the Union Army. In 1861 he received a lieutenant's commission and fought at Shiloh. He also served in his home state where he helped suppress pro-slavery violence and by the end of the war had reached the rank of brigadier general.

A member of the Republican Party, Weaver was elected district attorney of the Second Iowa Judicial District in 1866. The following year he became federal assessor of internal revenue.

Weaver witnessed the hardship caused by declining farm prices, high railroad rates and the government's deflationary currency policies. He became disillusioned with the government of Ulysses Grant and considered the Republican Party to be under the control of big business.

In 1878 Weaver joined the Greenback-Labor Party. He successfully won a seat in Congress on a policy of an expanded and flexible national currency. Weaver soon emerged as a national political figure and in 1880 ran for the presidency. During the campaign Weaver argued that the two major political parties had lost sight of their original democratic ideals of equal opportunity. He also claimed that the maintenance of the gold standard benefited banking interests but was driving farmers out of business. Weaver called for policies where all classes could share in the economic wealth of America.

The Greenback Labor Party program included the coinage of silver on a par with gold, an adequate supply of money, the taxing of government bonds, a maximum eight-hour day, the introduction of graduated income tax and opposition to railroad land grants.

Weaver obtained 308,578 votes but was easily beaten by James Garfield (4,454,416) and Winfield S. Hancock (4,444,952). Most of Weaver's support came from the rural West but he was now one of the most important political figures in the United States. The following year he was elected to Congress and became chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Interior.

The Greenback-Labor Party merged with the Democratic Party in most states. Weaver was against this policy and in 1891 helped establish the Populist Party. The party advocated the public ownership of the railroads, steamship lines and telephone and telegraph systems. It also supported the free and unlimited coinage of silver, the abolition of national banks, a system of graduated income tax and the direct election of United States Senators.

In 1892 Weaver became the party's presidential candidate and his decision to form an alliance with black groups in the South led to outbreaks of violence and voter intimidation. Weaver obtained 1,041,028 votes and won four states. This was one of the best performances of any third-party candidates in the history of American elections.

In the 1896 presidential election Weaver advocated that the Populist Party supported William J. Bryan, the proposed Democratic Party candidate. Weaver thought he had an agreement that Tom Watson would become Bryan's running mate. After giving their support to the Democrats Bryan announced that Arthur Sewall, a conservative politician with a record of hostility towards trade unions, would be his vice presidential candidate. This created a split in the Populist Party and some refused to support Bryan.

The defeat of William J. Bryan severely damaged the Populist Party. While Populists continued to hold power in a few Western states, the party ceased to be a factor in national politics.

James Baird Weaver, who was mayor of Colfax, Iowa (1901-1903), died in Des Moines on 6th February, 1912.


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NEWS
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DISCUSSION
Importance? 9.25000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Clarissa Vinson Weaver Jul 13, 1858-Feb 06, 1912
Daughter Maud Weaver 1859-1949
Son James Bellamy Weaver 1861-1940
Son Paul Vinson Weaver 1863-1864
Daughter Susan Weaver 1866-1947
Son Abraham Cuthbert Weaver 1868-1940
Daughter Laura Weaver 1870-1948
Daughter Ruth Weaver 1873-1923
Daughter Esther Weaver 1877-1965

INFORMATION LINKS
RACES
  11/08/1898 IA District 6 Lost 47.06% (-3.79%)
  11/06/1894 IA - District 09 Lost 45.83% (-7.45%)
  01/09/1893 US President Lost 4.95% (-57.43%)
  11/08/1892 IA US President Lost 4.65% (-44.95%)
  11/08/1892 MS US President Lost 19.27% (-56.95%)
  11/08/1892 NC US President Lost 15.82% (-31.62%)
  11/08/1892 TN US President Lost 9.00% (-42.35%)
  11/08/1892 CA US President Lost 9.39% (-34.44%)
  11/08/1892 KS US President Won 50.34% (+2.09%)
  11/08/1892 MO US President Lost 7.61% (-41.95%)
  11/08/1892 ND US President Won 49.01% (+0.50%)
  11/08/1892 TX US President Lost 23.52% (-34.16%)
  11/08/1892 CO US President Won 57.08% (+15.94%)
  11/08/1892 KY US President Lost 6.89% (-44.58%)
  11/08/1892 MT US President Lost 16.50% (-25.94%)
  11/08/1892 OH US President Lost 1.75% (-45.91%)
  11/08/1892 VA US President Lost 4.20% (-51.96%)
  11/08/1892 CT US President Lost 0.49% (-49.57%)
  11/08/1892 ME US President Lost 2.06% (-51.99%)
  11/08/1892 NE US President Lost 41.52% (-2.04%)
  11/08/1892 OR US President Lost 34.29% (-10.37%)
  11/08/1892 WA US President Lost 21.79% (-19.66%)
  11/08/1892 FL US President Lost 13.65% (-71.35%)
  11/08/1892 MD US President Lost 0.37% (-53.02%)
  11/08/1892 NV US President Won 66.78% (+40.94%)
  11/08/1892 PA US President Lost 0.87% (-50.58%)
  11/08/1892 WV US President Lost 2.44% (-46.94%)
  11/08/1892 GA US President Lost 18.80% (-39.22%)
  11/08/1892 MA US President Lost 0.82% (-51.05%)
  11/08/1892 NH US President Lost 0.33% (-50.79%)
  11/08/1892 RI US President Lost 0.43% (-50.28%)
  11/08/1892 WI US President Lost 2.67% (-45.06%)
  11/08/1892 ID US President Won 54.21% (+9.90%)
  11/08/1892 MI US President Lost 4.29% (-43.41%)
  11/08/1892 NJ US President Lost 0.29% (-50.38%)
  11/08/1892 SC US President Lost 3.41% (-74.14%)
  11/08/1892 WY US President Lost 46.23% (-4.38%)
  11/08/1892 IL US President Lost 2.54% (-46.25%)
  11/08/1892 MN US President Lost 37.01% (+4.49%)
  11/08/1892 NY US President Lost 1.23% (-47.76%)
  11/08/1892 SD US President Lost 37.84% (-11.63%)
  11/08/1892 AR US President Lost 7.99% (-51.31%)
  11/08/1892 IN US President Lost 4.01% (-43.45%)
  11/08/1892 AL US President Lost 36.55% (-22.86%)
  11/08/1892 US President National Vote Lost 8.50% (-37.55%)
  07/05/1892 US President - POP Convention Won 78.78% (+57.80%)
  11/06/1888 IA District 6 Lost 48.65% (-2.34%)
  11/02/1886 IA District 6 Won 50.95% (+1.90%)
  11/04/1884 IA District 6 Won 50.10% (+0.20%)
  10/09/1883 IA Governor Lost 7.06% (-43.09%)
  10/10/1882 IA District 6 Lost 30.76% (-9.62%)
  12/01/1880 US President Lost 0.00% (-57.99%)
  11/02/1880 MO US President Lost 8.82% (-43.69%)
  11/02/1880 KS US President Lost 9.80% (-50.64%)
  11/02/1880 AR US President Lost 3.78% (-52.34%)
  11/02/1880 RI US President Lost 0.81% (-61.43%)
  11/02/1880 MS US President Lost 4.95% (-59.75%)
  11/02/1880 IA US President Lost 10.00% (-46.91%)
  11/02/1880 AL US President Lost 2.91% (-57.08%)
  11/02/1880 SC US President Lost 0.33% (-65.18%)
  11/02/1880 NH US President Lost 0.61% (-51.33%)
  11/02/1880 MN US President Lost 2.17% (-60.12%)
  11/02/1880 IN US President Lost 2.78% (-46.54%)
  11/02/1880 NJ US President Lost 1.06% (-48.77%)
  11/02/1880 TN US President Lost 2.47% (-50.79%)
  11/02/1880 GA US President Lost 0.31% (-65.55%)
  11/02/1880 MI US President Lost 9.88% (-42.61%)
  11/02/1880 IL US President Lost 4.24% (-46.87%)
  11/02/1880 NY US President Lost 1.12% (-49.20%)
  11/02/1880 TX US President Lost 11.73% (-55.05%)
  11/02/1880 MA US President Lost 1.61% (-56.87%)
  11/02/1880 DE US President Lost 0.44% (-51.10%)
  11/02/1880 NC US President Lost 0.47% (-51.08%)
  11/02/1880 VT US President Lost 1.87% (-68.13%)
  11/02/1880 ME US President Lost 3.06% (-48.40%)
  11/02/1880 CT US President Lost 0.65% (-49.85%)
  11/02/1880 OH US President Lost 0.89% (-50.84%)
  11/02/1880 WV US President Lost 8.00% (-42.95%)
  11/02/1880 LA US President Lost 0.42% (-61.85%)
  11/02/1880 CO US President Lost 2.68% (-48.58%)
  11/02/1880 OR US President Lost 0.65% (-49.83%)
  11/02/1880 WI US President Lost 2.99% (-51.06%)
  11/02/1880 NE US President Lost 4.41% (-58.53%)
  11/02/1880 KY US President Lost 4.31% (-51.43%)
  11/02/1880 CA US President Lost 2.06% (-46.92%)
  11/02/1880 PA US President Lost 2.36% (-48.47%)
  11/02/1880 US President National Vote Lost 3.32% (-44.95%)
  06/11/1880 US President - Greenback Convention Won 59.34% (+48.84%)
  10/08/1878 IA District 6 Won 53.35% (+6.71%)
  11/05/1872 US President National Vote Lost 0.00% (-55.72%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - POP Convention - Jul 25, 1896 D William Jennings Bryan