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  Taft, William Howard
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationRepublican  
  1909-01-01  
 
NameWilliam Howard Taft
Address
Cincinnati, Ohio , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born September 15, 1857
DiedMarch 08, 1930 (72 years)
ContributorPicimpalious
Last ModifedRBH
Aug 12, 2019 01:32pm
Tags Caucasian - English - Capitalist - Conservative - Anti-Labor - Pro- gun - Married - NRA - Unitarian - Straight -
Info27th President of the United States(March 4th, 1909 - March 4th, 1913)
10th Chief Justice of the United States (1921?30),
b. Cincinnati, Ohio
Height: 6'0"
grad. Yale

Early Career

After graduating (1878) from Yale, he attended Cincinnati Law School. He received his law degree in 1880. He became a Cincinnati lawyer and soon had political posts as assistant prosecuting attorney for Hamilton co. (1881?83), assistant county solicitor (1885?87), and judge of the superior court of Ohio (1887?90). He became nationally prominent as a figure in Republican politics in 1890, when President Benjamin Harrison chose him as U.S. Solicitor General.

After service as a federal circuit judge (1892?1900) and as dean of the Cincinnati law school (1898?1900), he was appointed (1900) head of the commission sent to organize civil government in the Philippines, and he was named first civil governor of the Philippine Islands; he did much to better relations between Filipinos and Americans. In 1904 his friend President Theodore Roosevelt appointed Taft Secretary of War. Taft became a close adviser to the President and was prominent in Latin American affairs, conducting the delicate negotiations attending U.S. intervention in Cuba in 1906.

Presidency

Roosevelt chose Taft as his successor, and the Republican party named him as presidential candidate in the election of 1908, in which he defeated William Jennings Bryan. He was expected to continue Roosevelt's policies, and to a large extent he did. Trusts were vigorously prosecuted under the Sherman Antitrust Act; the Interstate Commerce Commission was strengthened by the Mann-Elkins Act (1910); and Taft's Latin American policy, known as "dollar diplomacy," was to an extent only an enlargement of Roosevelt's Panama policy and the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine. The emphasis in all these policies had, however, changed. In Latin America, for instance, the accent was on protection of property and interests of Americans abroad rather than on national interest. Members of the Republican party who favored progressive policies were increasingly restive, and the Insurgents movement grew strong.

The administration made positive achievements in the inauguration of the postal savings bank (1910) and the parcel-post system (1912), and the creation of the Dept. of Labor (1911). Nevertheless, Taft was generally at odds with the progressive elements in his party: he failed to support the Insurgents' attempt to oust the dictatorial speaker of the House of Representatives, Joseph Cannon; he favored the Payne-Aldrich tariff, a high-tariff measure that was denounced by progressive Republicans; and he supported Richard Ballinger against Gifford Pinchot in the Ballinger-Pinchot controversy.

Meanwhile, Taft's relations with Roosevelt deteriorated, and the former President joined the opposition to Taft. In 1912, Roosevelt fought vigorously for the Republican presidential nomination. When he failed and Taft got the nomination, Roosevelt headed the Progressive party and ran in the election as the Progressive (popularly called the Bull Moose) candidate. The Republican vote was split, and the Democratic candidate, Woodrow Wilson, won.

Later Life

Taft retired from public life and taught law (1912?21) at Yale. He was cochairman (1918?19) of the War Labor Conference in World War I. In 1921, President Harding appointed him Chief Justice. His chief contribution to the Supreme Court was his administrative efficiency.

First Appeared on a United tates Postage Stamp in 1930.
Vote totals for elections in which was nominated for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900-1965): 1955-1, 1965-2.


JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 57.00% ( 0.0) 15.00% ( 0.0) 28.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
Taft 2012: A Novel  Purchase RP 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Helen Herron Taft Jun 19, 1886-Mar 08, 1930
Son Robert A. Taft 1889-1953
Grandson William Howard Taft, III 1915-1991
Grandson Robert Taft, Jr. 1917-1993
Daughter Helen Herron Taft Manning 1891-1987
Son Charles P. Taft II 1897-1983
Grandson Seth Taft 1922-2013
Father Alphonso Taft 1810-1891
Brother Charles Phelps Taft 1843-1929
Brother Henry Peters Taft 1859-1945
Nephew Walbridge J. Taft 1884-1951
Mother In-Law Harriet Collins Herron 0000-

INFORMATION LINKS
President William Howard Taft Inaugural Address March 4, 1909  Discuss
William Howard Taft - Address on the Tariff Law of 1909 (November 17, 1909)  Discuss
William Howard Taft - First Annual Message (December 7, 1909)  Discuss
William Howard Taft - Fourth Annual Message (December 3, 1912)  Discuss
William Howard Taft - Second Annual Message (December 6, 1910)  Discuss
William Howard Taft - Special Message on Canadian Reciprocity (January 26, 1911)  Discuss
William Howard Taft - Third Annual Message (December 5, 1911)  Discuss
RACES
  06/30/1921 Supreme Court - Chief Justice Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  07/01/1916 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.00% (-23.58%)
  06/10/1916 US President - R Convention Lost 0.81% (-54.20%)
  04/25/1916 NJ US President - R Primary Lost 1.75% (-59.36%)
  04/11/1916 IL US President - R Primary Lost 0.03% (-90.12%)
  10/10/1913 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  01/13/1913 US President Lost 1.51% (-80.41%)
  11/05/1912 DE US President Lost 32.85% (-13.62%)
  11/05/1912 LA US President Lost 4.84% (-71.97%)
  11/05/1912 NH US President Lost 37.43% (-2.04%)
  11/05/1912 RI US President Lost 35.56% (-3.48%)
  11/05/1912 WY US President Lost 34.43% (-1.77%)
  11/05/1912 FL US President Lost 8.42% (-61.11%)
  11/05/1912 ME US President Lost 20.48% (-18.95%)
  11/05/1912 NJ US President Lost 20.54% (-20.66%)
  11/05/1912 SC US President Lost 1.06% (-94.87%)
  11/05/1912 GA US President Lost 4.27% (-72.36%)
  11/05/1912 MD US President Lost 23.69% (-24.88%)
  11/05/1912 NM US President Lost 35.17% (-6.71%)
  11/05/1912 TN US President Lost 24.00% (-28.80%)
  11/05/1912 ID US President Lost 31.02% (-1.05%)
  11/05/1912 MA US President Lost 31.95% (-3.58%)
  11/05/1912 NY US President Lost 28.68% (-12.60%)
  11/05/1912 UT US President Won 37.42% (+4.84%)
  11/05/1912 AR US President Lost 20.45% (-34.55%)
  11/05/1912 IL US President Lost 22.13% (-13.21%)
  11/05/1912 MI US President Lost 27.63% (-11.31%)
  11/05/1912 NC US President Lost 11.95% (-47.29%)
  11/05/1912 VT US President Won 37.10% (+1.87%)
  11/05/1912 CA US President Lost 0.57% (-41.27%)
  11/05/1912 IN US President Lost 23.11% (-19.96%)
  11/05/1912 MS US President Lost 2.42% (-86.48%)
  11/05/1912 ND US President Lost 26.59% (-7.58%)
  11/05/1912 WA US President Lost 21.82% (-13.40%)
  11/05/1912 CO US President Lost 21.95% (-20.88%)
  11/05/1912 IA US President Lost 24.30% (-13.29%)
  11/05/1912 MT US President Lost 23.14% (-11.90%)
  11/05/1912 OK US President Lost 35.69% (-11.15%)
  11/05/1912 WV US President Lost 21.12% (-20.97%)
  11/05/1912 CT US President Lost 35.88% (-3.28%)
  11/05/1912 KY US President Lost 25.52% (-22.97%)
  11/05/1912 NE US President Lost 21.74% (-21.96%)
  11/05/1912 OR US President Lost 25.30% (-9.04%)
  11/05/1912 WI US President Lost 32.65% (-8.41%)
  11/05/1912 AL US President Lost 8.24% (-61.70%)
  11/05/1912 US President National Vote Lost 23.18% (-18.66%)
  06/27/1912 US President - R Convention Won 51.58% (+18.65%)
  06/04/1912 US President - R Primaries Lost 34.59% (-16.54%)
  06/04/1912 SD US President - R Primary Lost 15.86% (-39.36%)
  05/28/1912 NJ US President - R Primary Lost 40.47% (-15.86%)
  05/21/1912 OH US President - R Primary Lost 39.49% (-15.83%)
  05/21/1912 OH US President - D Primary Lost 0.01% (-51.52%)
  05/14/1912 CA US President - R Primary Lost 27.32% (-27.27%)
  05/06/1912 MD US President - R Primary Lost 47.29% (-5.43%)
  04/30/1912 MA US President - R Primary Won 50.43% (+2.11%)
  04/19/1912 NE US President - R Primary Lost 16.90% (-42.37%)
  04/19/1912 OR US President - R Primary Lost 28.52% (-11.66%)
  04/13/1912 PA US President - R Primary Lost 40.33% (-19.34%)
  04/06/1912 NV US President - R Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/02/1912 WI US President - R Primary Lost 26.09% (-47.13%)
  03/26/1912 NY US President - R Primary Won 66.43% (+32.87%)
  03/19/1912 ND US President - R Primary Lost 3.14% (-54.04%)
  01/11/1909 US President Won 66.46% (+32.92%)
  11/03/1908 VT US President Won 75.08% (+53.26%)
  11/03/1908 ID US President Won 54.09% (+16.92%)
  11/03/1908 MD US President Won 48.85% (+0.25%)
  11/03/1908 NV US President Lost 43.93% (-1.78%)
  11/03/1908 OR US President Won 56.39% (+22.08%)
  11/03/1908 VA US President Lost 38.36% (-22.16%)
  11/03/1908 AR US President Lost 37.33% (-19.98%)
  11/03/1908 IL US President Won 54.53% (+15.50%)
  11/03/1908 MA US President Won 58.21% (+24.17%)
  11/03/1908 NH US President Won 59.32% (+21.75%)
  11/03/1908 PA US President Won 58.84% (+23.43%)
  11/03/1908 WA US President Won 57.78% (+25.97%)
  11/03/1908 CA US President Won 55.46% (+22.48%)
  11/03/1908 IN US President Won 48.40% (+1.49%)
  11/03/1908 MI US President Won 61.93% (+29.49%)
  11/03/1908 NJ US President Won 56.80% (+17.72%)
  11/03/1908 RI US President Won 60.76% (+26.60%)
  11/03/1908 SC US President Lost 5.94% (-87.89%)
  11/03/1908 WV US President Won 53.42% (+10.25%)
  11/03/1908 CO US President Lost 46.88% (-1.12%)
  11/03/1908 IA US President Won 55.62% (+15.05%)
  11/03/1908 MN US President Won 59.30% (+26.17%)
  11/03/1908 NY US President Won 53.11% (+12.37%)
  11/03/1908 SD US President Won 58.84% (+23.76%)
  11/03/1908 WI US President Won 54.52% (+17.84%)
  11/03/1908 CT US President Won 59.41% (+23.46%)
  11/03/1908 KS US President Won 52.47% (+9.60%)
  11/03/1908 MS US President Lost 6.52% (-83.59%)
  11/03/1908 NC US President Lost 45.49% (-8.73%)
  11/03/1908 TN US President Lost 45.87% (-6.86%)
  11/03/1908 WY US President Won 55.43% (+15.76%)
  11/03/1908 DE US President Won 52.10% (+6.16%)
  11/03/1908 KY US President Lost 48.03% (-1.71%)
  11/03/1908 MO US President Won 48.50% (+0.09%)
  11/03/1908 ND US President Won 61.02% (+26.23%)
  11/03/1908 TX US President Lost 22.40% (-51.57%)
  11/03/1908 FL US President Lost 21.58% (-41.43%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President - R Convention - Jun 10, 1916 R Charles Evans Hughes