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  Wilson, Woodrow
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
  1913-01-01  
 
NameWoodrow Wilson
Address
Princeton, New Jersey , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born December 28, 1856
DiedFebruary 03, 1924 (67 years)
ContributorJake
Last ModifedRBH
Aug 12, 2019 01:39pm
Tags Caucasian - Moderate-to-Liberal - Internationalist - Pro Free Trade - Married - Widowed - Christian - Presbyterian -
InfoLike Roosevelt before him, Woodrow Wilson regarded himself as the personal representative of the people. "No one but the President," he said, "seems to be expected ... to look out for the general interests of the country." He developed a program of progressive reform and asserted international leadership in building a new world order. In 1917 he proclaimed American entrance into World War I a crusade to make the world "safe for democracy."

Wilson had seen the frightfulness of war. He was born in Virginia in 1856, the son of a Presbyterian minister who during the Civil War was a pastor in Augusta, Georgia, and during Reconstruction a professor in the charred city of Columbia, South Carolina.

After graduation from Princeton (then the College of New Jersey) and the University of Virginia Law School, Wilson earned his doctorate at Johns Hopkins University and entered upon an academic career. In 1885 he married Ellen Louise Axson.
Wilson advanced rapidly as a conservative young professor of political science and became president of Princeton in 1902.

His growing national reputation led some conservative Democrats to consider him Presidential timber. First they persuaded him to run for Governor of New Jersey in 1910. In the campaign he asserted his independence of the conservatives and of the machine that had nominated him, endorsing a progressive platform, which he pursued as governor.

He was nominated for President at the 1912 Democratic Convention and campaigned on a program called the New Freedom, which stressed individualism and states' rights. In the three-way election he received only 42 percent of the popular vote but an overwhelming electoral vote.

Wilson maneuvered through Congress three major pieces of legislation. The first was a lower tariff, the Underwood Act; attached to the measure was a graduated Federal income tax. The passage of the Federal Reserve Act provided the Nation with the more elastic money supply it badly needed. In 1914 antitrust legislation established a Federal Trade Commission to prohibit unfair business practices.

Another burst of legislation followed in 1916. One new law prohibited child labor; another limited railroad workers to an eight-hour day. By virtue of this legislation and the slogan "he kept us out of war," Wilson narrowly won re-election.

But after the election Wilson concluded that America could not remain neutral in the World War. On April 2,1917, he asked Congress for a declaration of war on Germany.

Massive American effort slowly tipped the balance in favor of the Allies. Wilson went before Congress in January 1918, to enunciate American war aims--the Fourteen Points, the last of which would establish "A general association of nations...affording mutual guarantees of political independence and territorial integrity to great and small states alike."

After the Germans signed the Armistice in November 1918, Wilson went to Paris to try to build an enduring peace. He later presented to the Senate the Versailles Treaty, containing the Covenant of the League of Nations, and asked, "Dare we reject it and break the heart of the world?"

But the election of 1918 had shifted the balance in Congress to the Republicans. By seven votes the Versailles Treaty failed in the Senate.

The President, against the warnings of his doctors, had made a national tour to mobilize public sentiment for the treaty. Exhausted, he suffered a stroke and nearly died. Tenderly nursed by his second wife, Edith Bolling Galt, he lived until 1924.

First Appeared on a United tates Postage Stamp in 1925.
Vote totals for elections in which was nominated for the Hall of Fame for Great Americans (1900-1965): 1950-77.


JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 56.00% ( 0.0) 19.00% ( 0.0) 25.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
The Papers of Woodrow Wilson  Purchase Jake 
Congressional Government: A Study in American Politics  Purchase Jake 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jul 31, 2007 12:00pm News Webb, Warner Introduce Bill To Establish Woodrow Wilson Presidential Library In Virginia  Article The Sunset Provision 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Ellen Louise Axson Wilson 00, 1885-Aug 06, 1914
Wife Edith Bolling Galt Wilson Dec 18, 1915-Feb 03, 1924
Daughter Margaret Woodrow Wilson 1886-1944
Daughter Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre 1887-1933
Grandson Woodrow Wilson Sayre 1919-2002
Daughter Eleanor Wilson McAdoo 1889-1967

INFORMATION LINKS
Final Address in Support of the League of Nations - Woodrow Wilson  Discuss
President Woodrow Wilson Inaugural Address March 4, 1913  Discuss
President Woodrow Wilson Inaugural Address March 5, 1917  Discuss
The Fourteen Points - Woodrow Wilson  Discuss
The League of Nations - Woodrow Wilson  Discuss
War Message - Woodrow Wilson  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - "A World League for Peace" Speech (January 22, 1917)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - "The Opinion of the World" Speech (October 20, 1914)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Address at Congress Hall, Philadelphia (October 25, 1913)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Address at Gettysburg (July 4, 1913)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Address to a Joint Session of Congress on Trusts and Monopolies (January 20, 1914)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Eighth Annual Message (December 7, 1920)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Fifth Annual Message (December 4, 1917)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - First Annual Message (December 2, 1913)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Fourth Annual Message (December 5, 1916)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Message on Neutrality (August 20, 1914)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Proclamation 1364 (April 6, 1917)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Second Annual Message (December 8, 1914)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Seventh Annual Message (December 2, 1919)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Sixth Annual Message (December 2, 1918)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Speech of Acceptance (September 2, 1916)  Discuss
Woodrow Wilson - Third Annual Message (December 7, 1915)  Discuss
RACES
  10/10/1920 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  07/06/1920 US President - D Convention Lost 0.10% (-35.47%)
  07/01/1920 US President - D Primaries Lost 0.17% (-29.68%)
  05/18/1920 PA US President - D Primary Lost 0.12% (-73.58%)
  05/18/1920 VT US President - D Primary Lost 16.79% (-17.04%)
  04/27/1920 NJ US President - D Primary Lost 3.17% (-85.37%)
  04/13/1920 IL US President - D Primary Lost 4.34% (-27.97%)
  10/10/1919 Nobel Peace Prize Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  10/10/1918 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  01/08/1917 US President Won 52.17% (+4.33%)
  11/07/1916 OR US President Lost 45.90% (-2.57%)
  11/07/1916 VT US President Lost 35.22% (-27.21%)
  11/07/1916 AZ US President Won 57.17% (+21.80%)
  11/07/1916 ID US President Won 52.04% (+10.91%)
  11/07/1916 MA US President Lost 46.61% (-3.93%)
  11/07/1916 NH US President Won 49.12% (+0.06%)
  11/07/1916 PA US President Lost 40.22% (-14.03%)
  11/07/1916 VA US President Won 66.99% (+35.16%)
  11/07/1916 AR US President Won 65.97% (+37.23%)
  11/07/1916 IN US President Lost 46.47% (-0.97%)
  11/07/1916 MI US President Lost 44.05% (-8.04%)
  11/07/1916 NJ US President Lost 42.68% (-11.72%)
  11/07/1916 RI US President Lost 46.00% (-5.08%)
  11/07/1916 WA US President Won 48.13% (+4.25%)
  11/07/1916 CA US President Won 46.63% (+0.34%)
  11/07/1916 IA US President Lost 42.74% (-11.32%)
  11/07/1916 MN US President Lost 46.25% (-0.10%)
  11/07/1916 NM US President Won 50.20% (+3.56%)
  11/07/1916 SC US President Won 96.71% (+94.28%)
  11/07/1916 WV US President Lost 48.44% (-0.94%)
  11/07/1916 CO US President Won 60.78% (+26.06%)
  11/07/1916 KS US President Won 49.95% (+5.86%)
  11/07/1916 MS US President Won 92.78% (+87.87%)
  11/07/1916 NY US President Lost 44.51% (-7.02%)
  11/07/1916 SD US President Lost 45.91% (-3.90%)
  11/07/1916 WI US President Lost 42.80% (-6.59%)
  11/07/1916 CT US President Lost 46.66% (-3.15%)
  11/07/1916 KY US President Won 51.91% (+5.41%)
  11/07/1916 MO US President Won 50.59% (+3.65%)
  11/07/1916 NC US President Won 58.10% (+16.39%)
  11/07/1916 TN US President Won 56.31% (+13.61%)
  11/07/1916 WY US President Won 54.67% (+12.87%)
  11/07/1916 DE US President Lost 47.78% (-2.43%)
  11/07/1916 LA US President Won 85.91% (+78.96%)
  11/07/1916 MT US President Won 56.80% (+19.20%)
  11/07/1916 ND US President Won 47.84% (+1.50%)
  11/07/1916 TX US President Won 76.99% (+59.58%)
  11/07/1916 FL US President Won 69.34% (+51.25%)
  11/07/1916 ME US President Lost 46.97% (-4.02%)
  11/07/1916 NE US President Won 55.28% (+14.29%)
  11/07/1916 OH US President Won 51.86% (+7.67%)
  11/07/1916 UT US President Won 58.78% (+20.96%)
  11/07/1916 GA US President Won 79.51% (+66.63%)
  11/07/1916 MD US President Won 52.80% (+8.02%)
  11/07/1916 NV US President Won 53.36% (+16.96%)
  11/07/1916 OK US President Won 50.67% (+17.41%)
  11/07/1916 AL US President Won 75.99% (+54.01%)
  11/07/1916 US President National Vote Won 49.24% (+3.13%)
  07/01/1916 US President - D Primaries Won 98.78% (+97.99%)
  07/01/1916 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.01% (-23.58%)
  06/16/1916 US President - D Convention Won 99.91% (+99.82%)
  06/06/1916 WV US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  06/03/1916 NC US President - D Primary Won 99.94% (+99.91%)
  05/23/1916 SD US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  05/19/1916 OR US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  05/16/1916 PA US President - Prb Primary Lost 35.29% (-0.15%)
  05/16/1916 PA US President - D Primary Won 98.72% (+97.62%)
  05/16/1916 VT US President - D Primary Won 99.38% (+98.77%)
  05/02/1916 CA US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/25/1916 MA US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/25/1916 NJ US President - D Primary Won 99.75% (+99.65%)
  04/25/1916 OH US President - D Primary Won 97.16% (+95.26%)
  04/25/1916 NJ US President - R Primary Lost 2.65% (-58.46%)
  04/25/1916 IA US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/21/1916 MT US President - D Primary Won 99.29% (+98.80%)
  04/18/1916 NE US President - R Primary Lost 0.08% (-33.61%)
  04/18/1916 NE US President - PeoI Primary Won 82.12% (+64.24%)
  04/18/1916 NE US President - D Primary Won 87.70% (+75.82%)
  04/11/1916 IL US President - D Primary Won 99.84% (+99.71%)
  04/04/1916 NY US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/04/1916 WI US President - D Primary Won 99.79% (+99.58%)
  04/03/1916 MI US President - D Primary Won 99.77% (+99.62%)
  03/21/1916 ND US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/14/1916 MN US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/14/1916 NH US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/07/1916 IN US President - D Primary Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  01/13/1913 US President Won 81.92% (+65.35%)
  11/05/1912 CO US President Won 42.83% (+15.85%)
  11/05/1912 IA US President Won 37.59% (+4.77%)
  11/05/1912 MT US President Won 35.05% (+6.75%)
  11/05/1912 OK US President Won 46.84% (+11.15%)
  11/05/1912 WA US President Lost 26.90% (-8.32%)
  11/05/1912 CT US President Won 39.16% (+3.28%)
  11/05/1912 KY US President Won 48.48% (+22.97%)
  11/05/1912 NE US President Won 43.69% (+14.56%)
  11/05/1912 OR US President Won 34.34% (+6.91%)
  11/05/1912 WV US President Won 42.09% (+12.65%)
  11/05/1912 DE US President Won 46.48% (+13.62%)
  11/05/1912 LA US President Won 76.81% (+65.10%)
  11/05/1912 NH US President Won 39.48% (+2.04%)
ENDORSEMENTS