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  Davis, John W.
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  1924-07-10  
 
NameJohn W. Davis
Address
Clarksburg, West Virginia , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born April 13, 1873
DiedMarch 24, 1955 (81 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedRBH
Dec 21, 2014 06:11pm
Tags
InfoBorn in West Virginia in 1873, John W. Davis went to college and law school at Washington and Lee University taking his LL.B degree in 1895. Having already read law for a year in his father's office, Davis completed the law degree requirements in nine months. After practicing for a year in West Virginia, he accepted a position as the third member of the expanded law faculty at W&L. During the 1897 school year, Dean John Randolph Tucker died and Davis had to take on the additional load of teaching Tucker's classes. Though tempted to stay on at W&L under the leadership of the new president, William L. Wilson, Davis chose the "rough & tumble" of private practice. Two years later, when Professor Charles Graves left W&L to accept a chair at the University of Virginia, he was again invited to join the permanent faculty. Davis again selected private practice over teaching. He remained loyal to Washington and Lee and later served more that two decades on its board of trustees.

Davis practiced law in Clarksburg from 1897 to 1913. During this period he was active in West Virginia and national Democratic politics, serving as a U. S. congressman from 1911-1913. In 1912 he married Ellen G. Bassell. (He had married Julia McDonald in 1899. She died in childbirth a year later.) From 1913-1918 he served as U. S. Solicitor general; from then until 1921 he was ambassador to Great Britain. In 1921 Davis moved from London to New York to become head of the prominent Wall Street law firm Davis, Polk and Wardwell. Clients included J. P. Morgan and Company, and U. S. Steel.

In 1922 Davis rejected appointment to the U. S. Supreme Court. In 1924 he became the Democratic nominee for president. He waged a conservative, high-minded and losing campaign against Calvin Coolidge. He left the political arena, only reemerging briefly in the 1930's as an organizer of the anti-New Deal Liberty league.

He devoted himself to his private practice. By his death in 1955 he had made 139 oral arguments before the Supreme Court, at the time a 20th century record. Davis was honored in his lifetime by fourteen honorary doctorates. Felix Frankfurter, Learned Hand, and Hugo Black, among others, deemed him one of the two or three finest advocates of the century.

Davis' lifelong fidelity to the conservative legal principles espoused by his father and by the W&L law faculty at the time he was a student make for a seemingly inconsistent record of advocacy. He may be best remembered for successfully defending the steel industry against government seizure during the Korean War, and for unsuccessfully arguing South Carolina's case for maintaining segregated schools in the school desegregation cases now known jointly as Brown v. Board of Education. But Davis' second case as Solicitor General made a strong argument against Oklahoma's "grandfather clause" excluding blacks from voting (Guinn v. United States). He spoke in defense of religious liberty in the 1928 presidential campaign when candidate Al Smith was attacked because of his Catholicism. In a 1931 pro bono case, Davis defended a Yale divinity professor in a case (United States v. Macintosh) that became a leading precedent in the development of the law of conscientious objection. During the Cold War, Davis was contemptuous of McCarthyite tactics. He was involved both in the Alger Hiss case and in preparing the appeal of J. Robert Oppenheimer to the Atomic Energy Commission for security clearance.

Though it can be argued that Davis viewed some important cases, most notably Brown, too narrowly, he saw no inconsistency in his career. For him, "Human rights and rights of property are not different or antagonistic but parts of one and the same thing going to make up the bundle of rights which constitute American liberty."


Image of 7/10/1924: [Link]

JOB APPROVAL POLLS

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Aug 13, 2011 06:20am Statement Quote of the Day: a question for Democrats  Article ScottĀ³ 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Julia McDonald Davis Jun 20, 1899-Aug 17, 1900
Wife Ellen Graham Bassell Davis Jan 02, 1912-Jul 13, 1943
Daughter Julia McDonald Davis Healy Adams 1900-1993
Father John James Davis 1835-1916

INFORMATION LINKS
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  11/04/1924 NJ US President Lost 27.41% (-34.75%)
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  11/04/1924 AR US President Won 61.20% (+31.91%)
  11/04/1924 NC US President Won 59.01% (+19.40%)
  11/04/1924 IL US President Lost 23.36% (-35.48%)
  11/04/1924 MI US President Lost 13.13% (-62.24%)
  11/04/1924 NM US President Lost 43.02% (-5.50%)
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  11/04/1924 CA US President Lost 8.23% (-48.97%)
  11/04/1924 OK US President Won 48.41% (+5.59%)
  11/04/1924 IN US President Lost 38.69% (-16.57%)
  11/04/1924 MN US President Lost 6.80% (-44.38%)
  11/04/1924 NY US President Lost 29.13% (-26.63%)
  11/04/1924 VT US President Lost 15.67% (-62.55%)
  11/04/1924 CO US President Lost 21.98% (-35.04%)
  11/04/1924 SC US President Won 96.56% (+94.35%)
  11/04/1924 IA US President Lost 16.42% (-38.60%)
  11/04/1924 MO US President Lost 43.79% (-5.79%)
  11/04/1924 ND US President Lost 6.96% (-40.72%)
  11/04/1924 WA US President Lost 10.16% (-42.08%)
  11/04/1924 CT US President Lost 27.52% (-34.00%)
  11/04/1924 TN US President Won 52.93% (+9.47%)
  11/04/1924 KS US President Lost 23.60% (-37.94%)
  11/04/1924 MT US President Lost 19.38% (-23.12%)
  11/04/1924 OH US President Lost 23.70% (-34.63%)
  11/04/1924 WV US President Lost 44.07% (-5.38%)
  11/04/1924 DE US President Lost 36.80% (-20.90%)
  11/04/1924 TX US President Won 73.70% (+53.93%)
  11/04/1924 KY US President Lost 46.15% (-2.60%)
  11/04/1924 NE US President Lost 29.58% (-17.51%)
  11/04/1924 OR US President Lost 24.18% (-26.83%)
  11/04/1924 WY US President Lost 16.11% (-36.28%)
  11/04/1924 FL US President Won 56.88% (+28.81%)
  11/04/1924 VA US President Won 62.48% (+29.70%)
  11/04/1924 ME US President Lost 21.83% (-50.20%)
  11/04/1924 NV US President Lost 21.95% (-19.81%)
  11/04/1924 PA US President Lost 19.08% (-46.26%)
  11/04/1924 GA US President Won 73.97% (+55.79%)
  11/04/1924 WI US President Lost 8.10% (-45.86%)
  11/04/1924 MD US President Lost 41.29% (-4.00%)
  11/04/1924 NH US President Lost 34.72% (-25.11%)
  11/04/1924 RI US President Lost 36.46% (-23.17%)
  11/04/1924 AZ US President Lost 35.47% (-5.79%)
  11/04/1924 LA US President Won 76.44% (+56.21%)
  11/04/1924 AL US President Won 68.75% (+42.73%)
  11/04/1924 US President National Vote Lost 28.82% (-25.20%)
  07/09/1924 US President - D Convention Won 26.33% (+9.80%)
  07/01/1924 US President - D Primaries Lost 0.00% (-56.05%)
  04/22/1924 NJ US President - D Primary Lost 0.06% (-97.62%)
  07/06/1920 US President - D Convention Lost 3.86% (-31.71%)
  11/21/1918 US Ambassador to the United Kingdom Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  08/01/1913 Solicitor General of the United States Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/05/1912 WV District 1 Won 44.97% (+0.30%)
  11/08/1910 WV District 1 Won 48.88% (+8.18%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US President National Vote - Nov 04, 1952 R Dwight David Eisenhower