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  Roosevelt, Franklin Delano
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  1933-01-01  
 
NameFranklin Delano Roosevelt
Address
Hyde Park, New York , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born January 30, 1882
DiedApril 12, 1945 (63 years)
ContributorJake
Last ModifedE Pluribus Unum
Apr 29, 2019 02:41pm
Tags Dutch - English - Very Liberal - Anti-Term Limits - Internationalist - Pro Environment - Pro-Labor - Pro-Missile Defense - Married - Disabled - Freemason - Episcopalian - Straight -
InfoAssuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in his Inaugural Address, "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

Born in 1882 at Hyde Park, New York--now a national historic site--he attended Harvard University and Columbia Law School. On St. Patrick's Day, 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt.

Following the example of his fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt, whom he greatly admired, Franklin D. Roosevelt entered public service through politics, but as a Democrat. He won election to the New York Senate in 1910. President Wilson appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and he was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1920.

In the summer of 1921, when he was 39, disaster hit-he was stricken with poliomyelitis. Demonstrating indomitable courage, he fought to regain the use of his legs, particularly through swimming. At the 1924 Democratic Convention he dramatically appeared on crutches to nominate Alfred E. Smith as "the Happy Warrior." In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York.

He was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms. By March there were 13,000,000 unemployed, and almost every bank was closed. In his first "hundred days," he proposed, and Congress enacted, a sweeping program to bring recovery to business and agriculture, relief to the unemployed and to those in danger of losing farms and homes, and reform, especially through the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority.

By 1935 the Nation had achieved some measure of recovery, but businessmen and bankers were turning more and more against Roosevelt's New Deal program. They feared his experiments, were appalled because he had taken the Nation off the gold standard and allowed deficits in the budget, and disliked the concessions to labor. Roosevelt responded with a new program of reform: Social Security, heavier taxes on the wealthy, new controls over banks and public utilities, and an enormous work relief program for the unemployed.

In 1936 he was re-elected by a top-heavy margin. Feeling he was armed with a popular mandate, he sought legislation to enlarge the Supreme Court, which had been invalidating key New Deal measures. Roosevelt lost the Supreme Court battle, but a revolution in constitutional law took place. Thereafter the Government could legally regulate the economy.

Roosevelt had pledged the United States to the "good neighbor" policy, transforming the Monroe Doctrine from a unilateral American manifesto into arrangements for mutual action against aggressors. He also sought through neutrality legislation to keep the United States out of the war in Europe, yet at the same time to strengthen nations threatened or attacked. When France fell and England came under siege in 1940, he began to send Great Britain all possible aid short of actual military involvement.

When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt directed organization of the Nation's manpower and resources for global war.

Feeling that the future peace of the world would depend upon relations between the United States and Russia, he devoted much thought to the planning of a United Nations, in which, he hoped, international difficulties could be settled.

As the war drew to a close, Roosevelt's health deteriorated, and on April 12, 1945, while at Warm Springs, Georgia, he died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

USELESS TRIVIA:
1. FDR was an avid stamp collector. by the 1930's his collection exceeded 25,000.

2. FDR was the first President to appoint a woman to the cabinet...Frances Perkins Sec. of Labor.


JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
12/14/1944-12/16/1944 Princeton University (OPOR) 72.00% ( 0.0) 22.00% ( 0.0) 6.00% ( 0.0)
12/17/1943-12/22/1943 Gallup 66.00% ( 4.0) 24.00% ( 8.0) 10.00% ( 4.0)
08/15/1942-08/20/1942 Gallup 70.00% ( 8.0) 16.00% ( 3.0) 14.00% ( 5.0)
03/12/1942-03/17/1942 Gallup 78.00% ( 6.0) 13.00% ( 4.0) 9.00% ( 2.0)
01/08/1942-01/13/1942 Gallup 84.00% ( 12.0) 9.00% ( 10.0) 7.00% ( 2.0)
11/08/1941-11/10/1941 Gallup 72.00% ( 0.0) 19.00% ( 4.0) 9.00% ( 4.0)
06/09/1941-06/14/1941 Gallup 72.00% ( 16.0) 23.00% ( 15.0) 5.00% ( 1.0)
04/05/1940-04/10/1940 Gallup 56.00% ( 8.0) 38.00% ( 5.0) 6.00% ( 2.0)
08/18/1939-08/24/1939 Gallup 48.00% ( 2.0) 43.00% ( 1.0) 8.00% ( 1.0)
08/18/1938-08/23/1938 Gallup 50.00% ( 10.0) 44.00% ( 4.0) 7.00% ( 7.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
The Third Term Tradition  Purchase Chronicler 
The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945  Purchase RP 
That Man: An Insider's Portrait of Franklin D. Roosevelt  Purchase COSDem 
Happy Days Are Here Again: The 1932 Democratic Convention, the Emergence of FDR--and How America Was Changed Forever  Purchase Ralphie 
Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Champion of Freedom  Purchase COSDem 
Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Political Life  Purchase RP 
Franklin and Winston: An Intimate Portrait of an Epic Friendship  Purchase COSDem 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor
Feb 15, 1933 06:00pm Feb 15, 1933 06:00pm Attempted Assassination Assault on Pres. FDR and Mayor Cermak  Chronicler 

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Mar 14, 2013 10:00pm News [FDR]Martini Madness  Article Penguin 
Aug 11, 2011 02:00pm News A Retreat for Roosevelt in Georgia Burns Down  Article nystate63 
Oct 24, 2008 03:35pm Profile Presidential Firepower - How FDR saved capitalism in eight days  Article RP 
Mar 22, 2006 06:30pm General This Day in History 1933: FDR legalizes sale of beer and wine  Article Servo 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 10.00000 Average

FAMILY
Wife Eleanor Roosevelt Mar 17, 1905-Apr 12, 1945
Daughter Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall Boettiger Halsted 1906-1975
Son James Roosevelt 1907-1991
Grandson James Roosevelt, Jr. 1945-
Son Franklin Roosevelt 1909-1909
Son Elliott Roosevelt 1910-1990
Son Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr. 1914-1988
Son John Aspinwall Roosevelt 1916-1981
Mother Sara Delano Roosevelt 1854-1941
Grandfather Warren Delano 0000-
Aunt Catherine Delano Collier 0000-
1st Cousin Katharine P. St. George 1894-1983
Aunt Katherine Delano Robbins 1860-1953
1st Cousin Warren Delano Robbins 1885-1935
Father In-Law Elliott B. Roosevelt 1860-1894

INFORMATION LINKS
30 Fireside Chats of President Franklin Roosevelt (March 12, 1933 - June 12, 1944)  Discuss
Commonwealth Club Address - Franklin D. Roosevelt  Discuss
First Fireside Chat/The Banking Crisis - Franklin D. Roosevelt  Discuss
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Nomination Acceptance Speech 1932  Discuss
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Nomination Acceptance Speech 1936  Discuss
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Nomination Acceptance Speech 1940  Discuss
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Nomination Acceptance Speech 1944  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - "Stab in the Back" Speech (June 10, 1940)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Address to Congress on Yalta (March 1, 1945)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Address to Congress Requesting a Declaration of War (December 8, 1941)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Dedication of a Memorial to the Northwest Territory (July 8, 1938)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Joint Statement with Churchill and Stalin on the Yalta Conference (February 11, 1945)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Message to Congress Requesting War Declarations with Germany and Italy (December 11, 1941)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - On Land Lease (March 15, 1941)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Quarantine Speech (October 5, 1937)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - Speech at Madison Square Garden (October 31, 1936)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union (Four Freedoms) (January 6, 1941)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 11, 1944)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 3, 1934)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 3, 1936)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 3, 1938)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 3, 1940)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 4, 1935)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 4, 1939)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 6, 1937)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 6, 1942)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (Jan 6, 1945)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - State of the Union Address (January 7, 1943)  Discuss
Franklin Roosevelt - The Teheran Declaration (December 1, 1943)  Discuss
Pearl Harbor Address to the Nation - Franklin D. Roosevelt  Discuss
President Franklin Roosevelt Inaugural Address January 20, 1937  Discuss
President Franklin Roosevelt Inaugural Address January 20, 1941  Discuss
President Franklin Roosevelt Inaugural Address January 20, 1945  Discuss
President Franklin Roosevelt Inaugural Address March 4, 1933  Discuss
The Four Freedoms - Franklin D. Roosevelt  Discuss
The Great Arsenal of Democracy - Franklin D. Roosevelt  Discuss
RACES
  07/01/1948 US President - D Primaries Lost 0.00% (-64.65%)
  10/10/1945 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  12/18/1944 US President Won 81.36% (+62.71%)
  11/07/1944 US President National Vote Won 53.38% (+7.49%)
  07/21/1944 US President - D Convention Won 92.35% (+84.78%)
  07/01/1944 US President - D Primaries Won 79.24% (+70.89%)
  07/01/1944 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.46% (-28.48%)
  12/16/1940 US President Won 84.56% (+69.11%)
  11/05/1940 US President National Vote Won 54.73% (+9.95%)
  07/18/1940 US President - D Convention Won 86.33% (+79.67%)
  07/01/1940 US President - D Primaries Won 72.16% (+62.69%)
  07/01/1940 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.29% (-49.47%)
  10/10/1939 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  10/10/1938 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  12/14/1936 US President Won 98.49% (+96.99%)
  11/03/1936 US President National Vote Won 60.80% (+24.25%)
  07/01/1936 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.03% (-44.42%)
  07/01/1936 US President - D Primaries Won 93.19% (+90.56%)
  06/27/1936 US President - D Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  10/10/1934 Nobel Peace Prize Lost 0.00% (-100.00%)
  01/04/1933 US President Won 88.89% (+77.78%)
  12/22/1932 TIME Man of the Year Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/08/1932 US President National Vote Won 57.42% (+17.78%)
  07/02/1932 US President - D Convention Won 64.07% (+50.37%)
  07/01/1932 US President - D Primaries Won 49.44% (+29.52%)
  11/04/1930 NY Governor Won 56.49% (+23.13%)
  11/06/1928 NY Governor Won 48.96% (+0.60%)
  07/09/1924 US President - D Convention Lost 0.06% (-26.27%)
  11/02/1920 US Vice President Lost 23.92% (-52.17%)
  07/06/1920 US Vice President - D Convention Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  09/28/1914 NY US Senate - D Primary Lost 29.63% (-32.44%)
  11/05/1912 NY State Senate 26 Won 48.45% (+5.07%)
  11/08/1910 NY State Senate 26 Won 51.88% (+3.77%)
ENDORSEMENTS
NE US Senate - Nov 03, 1942 I George W. Norris
NY Governor - D Convention - Aug 20, 1942 D James M. Mead
New York City Mayor - Nov 04, 1941 R Fiorello LaGuardia
CA US Senate - Nov 08, 1938 D Sheridan Downey
GA US Senate - D Primary - Sep 14, 1938 D Lawrence S. Camp
CA US Senate - D Primary - Aug 30, 1938 D William Gibbs McAdoo
KY US Senate - D Primary - Aug 06, 1938 D Alben W. Barkley
OK US Senate - D Primary - Jul 12, 1938 D Elmer Thomas
IA US Senate - D Primary - Jun 06, 1938 D Otha D. Wearin
NE US Senate - Nov 03, 1936 I George W. Norris
New York City Mayor - Nov 07, 1933 D Joseph V. McKee
US President - D Convention - Jun 29, 1928 D Alfred E. Smith