|Name||Henry A. Wallace|
South Salem, New York , United States
|| October 07, 1888
|Died||November 18, 1965
Nov 17, 2018 01:55am
Caucasian - Very Liberal - Anti-Death Penalty - Anti-Social Security Privatization - Government Reform - Health Care Reform - Internationalist - Jobs/Industrial Growth - Pro Animal Rights - Pro Environment - Pro Free Trade - Pro Marijuana Legalization - Pro-Affirmative Action - Pro-Gun control - Pro-Labor - Married - Freemason - Buddhist - Episcopalian - Straight -
|Info||Henry Agard Wallace was the 33rd Vice President of the United States. |
Wallace was born on a farm near Orient, Adair County, Iowa, and graduated from Iowa State College at Ames in 1910. He served on the editorial staff of Wallace's Farmer in Des Moines, Iowa from 1910 to 1924 and was editor from 1924 to 1929. He experimented with breeding high-yielding strains of corn (maize), and was the author of many publications on agriculture. In 1915 he devised the first corn-hog ratio charts indicating probable course of markets. The company he founded during this time is now known as Pioneer Hi-Bred, and is among the most profitable agriculture corporations in the United States today.
In 1933, Wallace was appointed United States Secretary of Agriculture in the Cabinet of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. (Wallace's father, Henry Cantwell Wallace, had been Secretary of Agriculture from 1921 to 1925.) He had been a liberal Republican but supported Roosevelt's New Deal and soon switched to the Democratic Party. Wallace served as Secretary of Agriculture until September 1940, when he resigned, having been nominated for Vice President.
Wallace was elected in November 1940 as Vice President on the Democratic ticket with President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and was inaugurated January 20, 1941, for the term ending January 20, 1945. He immediately set out to counter his predecessor John Nance Garner's claim that the vice-presidency was worthless.
Roosevelt named Wallace chairman of the Board of Economic Warfare (BEW) and Supply Priorities and Allocations Board (SPAB) in 1941. Both positions became important with the U.S. entry into [[World War II]. As he began to flex his newfound political muscle in his position with SPAB, Wallace came up against the conservative wing of the Democratic party in the form of Jesse H. Jones, Secretary of Commerce. The two differed on how to handle wartime supplies.
On May 8, 1942, Wallace delivered his most famous speech, which became known by the phrase "Century of the Common Man", to the Free World Association in New York City. This speech, grounded in Christian references, laid out a positive vision for the war beyond the simple defeat of the Nazis. The speech, and the book of the same name which was released the next year, proved quite popular, but it earned him enemies among the Democratic leadership and among important allied leaders like Winston Churchill.
In 1943 Wallace made a goodwill tour of Latin America, shoring up support among important allies. His trip was a success and helped convince 12 Latin American countries to declare war on Germany.
Wallace was far ahead of his time in trade relationships with Latin America. He convinced the BEW to add "labor clauses" to contracts with Latin American producers. These clauses required producers to pay fair wages and provide safe working conditions for their employees and it commmitted the United States to paying for up to half of the required improvements. Not surprisingly, this upset Jones at the U.S. Department of Commerce. The highly public conflict that ensued likely cost Wallace the vice-presidency.
Wallace was bumped from the Democratic ticket in 1944, largely due to party concerns over FDR's failing health and Wallace's perceived communist beliefs. It was later revealed, after the fall of the Soviet Union, that his close associates Harry Dexter White and Lawrence Duggan were Soviet spies. The two would have attained high level cabinet positions, had Wallace become president. The party would go on to nominate Missouri Senator Harry S. Truman.
Roosevelt placated Wallace by appointing him Secretary of Commerce, where Wallace served from March 1945 to September 1946, when he was replaced by W. Averell Harriman because Truman believed that Wallace was too critical of Truman's foreign policy.
Following his term as Secretary of Commerce, Wallace became the editor of The New Republic magazine, using his position to vociferously criticize Truman's foreign policy. He left that position in 1948 to make an unsuccessful run as a Progressive Party candidate in the 1948 U.S. presidential election. His campaign was unusual for his time in that it included African American candidates campaigning alongside white candidates in the American south.
Wallace resumed his farming interests, and was a resident of South Salem, New York. During his later years he was responsible for a number of advances in the field of agricultural science. Among his many accomplishments was a breed of chicken that at one point accounted for the overwhelming majority of all egg-laying chickens sold across the globe. He died in Danbury, Connecticut. His remains were cremated at Grace Cemetery in Bridgeport, Connecticut, and the ashes interred in Glendale Cemetery, Des Moines, Iowa.