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  Kennedy, John Fitzgerald
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationDemocratic  
<-  1962-02-01  
 
NameJohn Fitzgerald Kennedy
Address
Boston, Massachusetts , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born May 29, 1917
DiedNovember 22, 1963 (46 years)
ContributorPicimpalious
Last ModifedRBH
Dec 11, 2017 03:04am
Tags Caucasian - Irish - Moderate-to-Liberal - Government Reform - Pro- gun - Pro-Labor - Married - U.S. Navy - Assassinated - NRA - Catholic - Christian - Straight -
InfoOn November 22, 1963, when he was hardly past his first thousand days in office, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was killed by an assassin's bullets as his motorcade wound through Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was the youngest man elected President; he was the youngest to die.

Of Irish descent, he was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917. Graduating from Harvard in 1940, he entered the Navy. In 1943, when his PT boat was rammed and sunk by a Japanese destroyer, Kennedy, despite grave injuries, led the survivors through perilous waters to safety.

Back from the war, he became a Democratic Congressman from the Boston area, advancing in 1953 to the Senate. He married Jacqueline Bouvier on September 12, 1953. In 1955, while recuperating from a back operation, he wrote Profiles in Courage, which won the Pulitzer Prize in history.

In 1956 Kennedy almost gained the Democratic nomination for Vice President, and four years later was a first-ballot nominee for President. Millions watched his television debates with the Republican candidate, Richard M. Nixon. Winning by a narrow margin in the popular vote, Kennedy became the first Roman Catholic President.

His Inaugural Address offered the memorable injunction: "Ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country." As President, he set out to redeem his campaign pledge to get America moving again. His economic programs launched the country on its longest sustained expansion since World War II; before his death, he laid plans for a massive assault on persisting pockets of privation and poverty.

Responding to ever more urgent demands, he took vigorous action in the cause of equal rights, calling for new civil rights legislation. His vision of America extended to the quality of the national culture and the central role of the arts in a vital society.

He wished America to resume its old mission as the first nation dedicated to the revolution of human rights. With the Alliance for Progress and the Peace Corps, he brought American idealism to the aid of developing nations. But the hard reality of the Communist challenge remained.

Shortly after his inauguration, Kennedy permitted a band of Cuban exiles, already armed and trained, to invade their homeland. The attempt to overthrow the regime of Fidel Castro was a failure. Soon thereafter, the Soviet Union renewed its campaign against West Berlin. Kennedy replied by reinforcing the Berlin garrison and increasing the Nation's military strength, including new efforts in outer space. Confronted by this reaction, Moscow, after the erection of the Berlin Wall, relaxed its pressure in central Europe.

Instead, the Russians now sought to install nuclear missiles in Cuba. When this was discovered by air reconnaissance in October 1962, Kennedy imposed a quarantine on all offensive weapons bound for Cuba. While the world trembled on the brink of nuclear war, the Russians backed down and agreed to take the missiles away. The American response to the Cuban crisis evidently persuaded Moscow of the futility of nuclear blackmail.

Kennedy now contended that both sides had a vital interest in stopping the spread of nuclear weapons and slowing the arms race--a contention which led to the test ban treaty of 1963. The months after the Cuban crisis showed significant progress toward his goal of "a world of law and free choice, banishing the world of war and coercion." His administration thus saw the beginning of new hope for both the equal rights of Americans and the peace of the world.


JOB APPROVAL POLLS
DateFirmApproveDisapproveDon't Know
11/08/1963-11/13/1963 Gallup 58.00% ( 0.0) 30.00% ( 1.0) 12.00% ( 1.0)
10/11/1963-10/16/1963 Gallup 58.00% ( 2.0) 29.00% ( 1.0) 13.00% ( 1.0)
09/12/1963-09/17/1963 Gallup 56.00% ( 7.0) 30.00% ( 4.0) 14.00% ( 3.0)
08/15/1963-08/20/1963 Gallup 63.00% ( 2.0) 26.00% ( 1.0) 11.00% ( 1.0)
07/18/1963-07/23/1963 Gallup 61.00% ( 0.0) 27.00% ( 1.0) 12.00% ( 1.0)
06/21/1963-06/26/1963 Gallup 61.00% ( 3.0) 26.00% ( 2.0) 13.00% ( 1.0)
05/23/1963-05/28/1963 Gallup 64.00% ( 1.0) 24.00% ( 1.0) 12.00% ( 0.0)
05/08/1963-05/13/1963 Gallup 65.00% ( 1.0) 23.00% ( 2.0) 12.00% ( 0.0)
05/02/1963-05/07/1963 Gallup 64.00% ( 1.0) 25.00% ( 4.0) 12.00% ( 1.0)
04/04/1963-04/09/1963 Gallup 65.00% ( 2.0) 21.00% ( 1.0) 13.00% ( 1.0)
FAVORABILITY POLLS
DateFirmFavorableUnfavorableDon't Know
09/08/2011-09/11/2011 Public Policy Polling 74.00% ( 0.0) 15.00% ( 0.0) 11.00% ( 0.0)
06/13/2007-06/24/2007 Rasmussen Reports 80.00% ( 0.0) 13.00% ( 0.0) 6.00% ( 0.0)

BOOKS
Title Purchase Contributor
Why England Slept  Purchase Jake 
Profiles in Courage  Purchase Jake 

EVENTS
Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

NEWS
Date Category Headline Article Contributor
May 21, 2012 01:15am Picture Vintage anti-JFK GOP Coloring Book from Early 60s  Article WesternDem 
Feb 05, 2012 10:00am News Book alleges JFK took intern's virginity  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Jul 23, 2009 05:05pm Review JFK and the Unspeakable  Article Craverguy 
May 17, 2007 10:20am Analysis Scientists cast doubt on Kennedy bullet analysis  Article RP 
Jan 17, 2005 12:00am News Tape Shows JFK Fumed Over Civil Rights Pressures ''There Is Nothing We Can Do''  Article Classical Liberal 
Jan 07, 2005 12:00am Obituary Retarded Kennedy sister dies at 86  Article COSDem 

DISCUSSION
Importance? 9.69230 Average

FAMILY
Wife Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis Sep 12, 1953-Nov 22, 1963
Daughter Caroline Kennedy 1957-
Son John Fitzgerald Kennedy, Jr. 1960-1999
Father Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr. 1888-1969
Sister Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver 1921-2009
Nephew Bobby Shriver 1954-
Niece Maria Shriver 1955-
Nephew Mark K. Shriver 1964-
Nephew Anthony Kennedy Shriver 1965-
Sister Patricia Kennedy Lawford 1924-2006
Brother Robert Francis Kennedy 1925-1968
Niece Kathleen Kennedy Townsend 1951-
Nephew Joseph P. Kennedy II 1952-
Nephew Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. 1954-
Niece Kerry Kennedy 1959-
Nephew Chris Kennedy 1963-
Nephew Max Kennedy 1965-
Sister Jean Kennedy Smith 1928-
Brother Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy 1932-2009
Nephew Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy, Jr. 1961-
Nephew Patrick J. Kennedy 1967-
Mother Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy 1890-1995
Grandfather John F. Fitzgerald 1863-1950
Mother In-Law Janet Lee Bouvier 1907-1989

INFORMATION LINKS
"Address to the Greater Houston Ministerial Association" - John F. Kennedy  Discuss
"American University Commencement Address" - John F. Kennedy  Discuss
"Civil Rights Address" - John F. Kennedy  Discuss
"Cuban Missile Crisis Address to the Nation" - John F. Kennedy  Discuss
"Ich bin ein Berliner" - John F. Kennedy  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - "City Upon a Hill" Speech (January 9, 1961)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - "President and the Press" Speech (April 27, 1961)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - 90th Anniversary of Vanderbilt University (May 18, 1963)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - Address at the Mormon Tabernacle (September 26, 1963)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - Address on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (July 26, 1963)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - Address on the Space Effort (September 12, 1962)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - Establishment of the Peace Corps (March 1, 1961)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - Remarks at Amherst College (October 26, 1963)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - State of the Union Address (Jan 11, 1962)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - State of the Union Address (Jan 14, 1963)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - State of the Union Address (Jan 30, 1961)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - The Goal of Sending a Man to the Moon (May 25, 1961)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - University of Washington's 100th Anniversary (November 16, 1961)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy - Yale University Commencement (June 11, 1962)  Discuss
John F. Kennedy Presidential Nomination Acceptance Speech 1960  Discuss
President John Kennedy Inaugural Address January 20, 1961  Discuss
Presidential Medal of Freedom John F. Kennedy Tribute  Discuss
RACES
  12/19/1960 US President Won 56.42% (+15.64%)
  11/08/1960 US President National Vote Won 49.72% (+0.17%)
  07/15/1960 US President - D Convention Won 52.89% (+26.05%)
  07/01/1960 US President - R Primaries Lost 0.22% (-86.41%)
  07/01/1960 US President - D Primaries Won 31.41% (+8.39%)
  03/24/1960 IA US President - D Caucus/Straw Poll Won 48.65% (+30.35%)
  03/08/1960 NH US Vice President - D Primary Lost 13.32% (-29.08%)
  11/04/1958 MA US Senate Won 73.20% (+46.97%)
  08/17/1956 US Vice President - D Convention Lost 31.13% (-6.95%)
  07/01/1956 US President - D Primaries Lost 0.02% (-50.69%)
  03/13/1956 NH US Vice President - D Primary Lost 10.80% (-35.69%)
  11/04/1952 MA US Senate Won 51.35% (+3.00%)
  11/07/1950 MA District 11 Won 82.28% (+65.11%)
  11/02/1948 MA District 11 Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/05/1946 MA District 11 Won 71.87% (+44.82%)
  06/18/1946 MA District 11 - D Primary Won 42.41% (+20.73%)
ENDORSEMENTS