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  Davis, John
CANDIDATE DETAILS
AffiliationWhig  
 
NameJohn Davis
Address
Worcester, Massachusetts , United States
EmailNone
WebsiteNone
Born January 13, 1787
DiedApril 19, 1854 (67 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedRBH
Aug 12, 2015 05:09pm
Tags
InfoDAVIS, John, statesman, born in Northborough, Massachusetts, 13 January 1787; died in Worcester, Massachusetts, 19 April 1854. He was graduated at Yale with honor in 1812, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1815, and practiced with success in Worcester. He was elected to congress as a Whig in 1824, and reelected for the four succeeding terms, sitting from December 1825, till January 1834, and taking a leading part as a protectionist in opposing Henry Clay's compromise tariff bill of 1833, and in all transactions relating to finance and commerce. He resigned his seat on being elected governor of Massachusetts. At the conclusion of his term as governor he was sent to the U. S. Senate, and served front 7 December 1835, till January 1841, when he resigned to accept the governorship a second time. In the senate he was a strong opponent of the administrations of Jackson and Van Buren, and took a conspicuous part in the debates as an advocate of protection for American industry, replying to the free trade arguments of southern statesmen in speeches theft were considered extremely clear expositions of the protective theories. A declaration in one of his speeches, that James Buchanan was in favor of reducing the wages of American workingmen to ten cents a day, was the origin of the epithet "'tencent Jimmy," which was applied to that statesman by his political opponents for several years. A short speech against the sub treasury, delivered in 1840, was printed during the presidential canvass of that year as an electioneering pamphlet, of which more than a million copies were distributed. He was again elected U. S. senator, and served from 24 March 1845, till 3 March 1853, but declined a reelection, and died suddenly at his home.

He protested vigorously against the war with Mexico. In the controversy that followed, over the introduction of slavery into the U. S. territories, he earnestly advocated its exclusion. The Wihnot proviso received his support, but the compromise acts of 1850 encountered his decided opposition, He enjoyed the respect and confidence of his constituents in an unusual degree, and established a reputation for high principles that gained for him the popular appellation of "honest John Davis." His wife, who was a sister of George Bancroft, the historian, died in Worcester, Massachusetts, 24 January 1872, at the age of eighty years.



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DISCUSSION
Importance? 8.00000 Average

FAMILY
Son J. C. Bancroft Davis 1822-1907
Son Horace Davis 1831-1916

INFORMATION LINKS
RACES
  11/03/1846 MA US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  03/24/1845 MA US Senate - Appointment Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  05/01/1844 US Vice President - W Convention Lost 25.30% (-21.65%)
  11/14/1842 MA Governor Lost 46.56% (-1.32%)
  11/08/1841 MA Governor Won 50.40% (+4.15%)
  11/09/1840 MA Governor Won 55.68% (+12.34%)
  11/10/1834 MA Governor Won 58.05% (+33.26%)
  11/03/1834 MA US Senate Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  12/02/1833 US House Speaker Lost 0.43% (-61.30%)
  11/11/1833 MA Governor Won 40.11% (+10.96%)
  04/01/1833 MA District 5 Won 86.86% (+76.85%)
  11/01/1830 MA District 8 (Worcester South) Won 72.69% (+51.15%)
  11/07/1828 MA District 8 (Worcester South) Won 90.42% (+83.59%)
  11/06/1826 MA District 8 (Worcester South) Won 92.29% (+84.57%)
  08/01/1825 MA District 8 (Worcester South) - 4th Trial Won 51.36% (+2.73%)
  04/04/1825 MA District 8 (Worcester South) - 3rd Trial Won 49.79% (+6.20%)
  01/03/1825 MA District 8 (Worcester South) - 2nd Trial Won 47.77% (+0.96%)
  11/01/1824 MA District 8 (Worcester South) - 1st Trial Won 43.38% (+12.27%)
ENDORSEMENTS
US Vice President - Senate Runoff - Feb 08, 1837 W Francis Granger