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  Johnson, Claudia "Lady Bird"
<-  1990-01-01  
NameClaudia "Lady Bird" Johnson
Karnack, Texas , United States
Born December 22, 1912
DiedJuly 11, 2007 (94 years)
ContributorThomas Walker
Last ModifedRBH
Mar 05, 2008 09:53pm
InfoDaughter of Thomas Jefferson Taylor and Minnie Pattillo. Married Lyndon Johnson on November 17, 1934.

Claudia Taylor (Lady Bird) Johnson

Christened Claudia Alta Taylor when she was born in a country mansion near Karnack, Texas, she received her nickname "Lady Bird" as a small child; and as Lady Bird she is known and loved throughout America today. Perhaps that name was prophetic, as there has seldom been a First Lady so attuned to nature and the importance of conserving the environment.

Her mother, Minnie Pattillo Taylor, died when Lady Bird was five, so she was reared by her father, her aunt, and family servants. From her father, Thomas Jefferson Taylor, who had prospered, she learned much about the business world. An excellent student, she also learned to love classical literature. At the University of Texas she earned a bachelor's degree in arts and in journalism.

In 1934 Lady Bird met Lyndon Baines Johnson, then a Congressional secretary visiting Austin on official business; he promptly asked her for a date, which she accepted. He courted her from Washington with letters, telegrams, and telephone calls. Seven weeks later he was back in Texas; he proposed to her and she accepted. In her own words: "Sometimes Lyndon simply takes your breath away." They were married in November 1934.

The years that followed were devoted to Lyndon's political career, with "Bird" as partner, confidante, and helpmate. She helped keep his Congressional office open during World War II when he volunteered for naval service; and in 1955, when he had a severe heart attack, she helped his staff keep things running smoothly until he could return to his post as Majority Leader of the Senate. He once remarked that voters "would happily have elected her over me."

After repeated miscarriages, she gave birth to Lynda Bird (now Mrs. Charles S. Robb) in 1944; Luci Baines (Mrs. Ian Turpin) was born three years later.

In the election of 1960, Lady Bird successfully stumped for Democratic candidates across 35,000 miles of campaign trail. As wife of the Vice President, she became an ambassador of goodwill by visiting 33 foreign countries. Moving to the White House after Kennedy's murder, she did her best to ease a painful transition. She soon set her own stamp of Texas hospitality on social events, but these were not her chief concern. She created a First Lady's Committee for a More Beautiful Capital, then expanded her program to include the entire nation. She took a highly active part in her husband's war-on-poverty program, especially the Head Start project for preschool children.

When the Presidential term ended, the Johnsons returned to Texas, where he died in 1973. Mrs. Johnson's White House Diary, published in 1970, and a 1981 documentary film, The First Lady, A Portrait of Lady Bird Johnson, give sensitive and detailed views of her contributions to the President's Great Society administration. Today Lady Bird leads a life devoted to her husband's memory, her children, and seven grandchildren. She still supports causes dear to her--notably the National Wildflower Research Center, which she founded in 1982, and The Lyndon Baines Johnson Library. She also serves on the Board of the National Geographic Society as a trustee emeritus.


Title Purchase Contributor

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Jul 15, 2007 09:00pm News Lady Bird Johnson, Laura Bush both helped husbands' careers  Article The Sunset Provision 
Jul 12, 2007 08:00pm News Laura Bush to attend Johnson services  Article The Sunset Provision 
Jul 11, 2007 04:45pm Obituary Former first lady Lady Bird Johnson dies  Article DFWDem 
Jun 23, 2007 04:00pm News Lady Bird Johnson remains hospitalized; Former first lady has slight fever, ‘resting comfortably’  Article Brandonius Maximus 
Dec 01, 1980 07:00pm News Lady Bird Johnson Remembers  Article The Sunset Provision 

Importance? 8.00000 Average

Husband Lyndon Baines Johnson 00, 1934-Jan 22, 1973
Daughter Lynda Johnson Robb 1944-
Daughter Luci Baines Johnson Turpin 1947-

Congressional Gold Medal Recipient Lady Bird Johnson  Discuss
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient First Lady, Lady Bird Johnson  Discuss
  11/03/1964 US First Lady Won 90.33% (+80.67%)
  11/22/1963 US First Lady - Deceased Successor Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  11/08/1960 Second Spouse Won 56.42% (+15.64%)
TX District 25 - D Primary - Mar 08, 1994 D Carrin Patman
VA Lt. Governor - D Primary - Jun 14, 1977 D Charles S. "Chuck" Robb