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  de Klerk, Frederik Willem "F.W."
<-  2009-03-01  
NameFrederik Willem "F.W." de Klerk
Paarl, Western Cape , South Africa
Website [Link]
Born March 18, 1936
DiedNovember 11, 2021 (85 years)
Contributor411 Name Removed
Last ModifedIndyGeorgia
Nov 11, 2021 07:22am
Tags Caucasian - Dutch - Divorced - Married - Christian - Protestant - Straight -
InfoFrederik Willem de Klerk was born in Johannesburg on March 18, 1936. He is the son of Senator Jan de Klerk, a leading politician, who became minister in the South African government. His brother Willem is a liberal newspaperman and one of the founders of the Democratic Party.

F.W. de Klerk graduated with a law degree from Potchefstroom University in 1958 and then practiced law in Vereeniging in the Transvaal. In 1969, he married Marike Willemse, with whom he has two sons and a daughter. De Klerk was offered a professorship of administrative law at Potchefstroom in 1972 but he declined the post because he had been elected to Parliament as National Party member for Vereeniging at the time.

In 1978, F.W. de Klerk was appointed Minister of Posts and Telecommunications and Social Welfare and Pensions by Prime Minister Vorster. Under Prime Minister P.W. Botha, he held a succession of ministerial posts, including Posts and Telecommunications and Sports and Recreation (1978-1979), Mines, Energy and Environmental Planning (1979-1980), Mineral and Energy Affairs (1980-1982), Internal Affairs (1982-1985), and National Education and Planning (1984-1989). In 1985, he became chairman of the Minister's Council in the House of Assembly. On December 1, 1986, he became the leader of the House of Assembly.

As Minister of National Education, F.W. de Klerk was a supporter of segregated universities but also worked for the equalisation of expenditure on pupils from all racial groups. A centrist in the National Party, he led moves in 1982 against the extreme right wing of the party, before being elected as leader of the party in the Transvaal. In February 1989, de Klerk was elected leader of the National Party and in September 1989 he was elected State President.

In his first speech after assuming the party leadership he called for a nonracist South Africa and for negotiations about the country's future. On 2 February 1990 he lifted the ban on the ANC and all other political organisations and announced the release of Nelson Mandela. He brought apartheid to an end and opened the way for the drafting of a new constitution for the country based on the principle of one person, one vote and the entrenchment of basic human rights.

After South Africa's first universal democratic elections on 27 April 1994, Mr de Klerk was appointed as Executive Deputy President in South Africa's Government of National Unity. He held this post until June, 1996 when his party withdrew from the Government of National Unity. From then until his retirement from active politics in 1997, Mr De Klerk was the leader of the official opposition. Mr De Klerk published his autobiography 'The Last Trek - a New Beginning' in January 1999 and has now established the F W de Klerk Foundation to work for peace in societies that are divided on cultural, ethnic, religious or linguistic lines.



Title Purchase Contributor
The Last Trek--A New Beginning: The Autobiography  Purchase 411 Name Removed 

Start Date End Date Type Title Contributor

Date Category Headline Article Contributor
Nov 11, 2021 12:00pm Analysis FW de Klerk: The man who still divides South Africa  Article IndyGeorgia 
Nov 11, 2021 11:30am News FW de Klerk issues posthumous apology for pain of apartheid  Article IndyGeorgia 
Apr 08, 2004 12:00am News S Africa 'needs healthy opposition'  Article 411 Name Removed 
Mar 27, 2004 12:00am News Lonely leaders get their own helpline  Article 411 Name Removed 

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Importance? 10.00000 Average

Father Jan de Klerk 1903-1979

  05/10/1994 SA Deputy President Won 50.00% (+0.00%)
  09/06/1989 SA State President Won 57.87% (+34.83%)
  08/15/1989 SA State President - Acting Won 100.00% (+100.00%)
  04/29/1994 SA President Lost 0.00% (-94.25%)
SA National Assembly - Apr 14, 2004 NNP New National Party
SA President - Apr 29, 1994 ANC Nelson Mandela